Geography 110 Exam Review
Geography 110 Exam Review GEOG 110
Popular in The World: Peoples and Regions
Popular in Geography
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Erin Butler-Córdova on Sunday May 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 110 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Margaret Pettygrove in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 132 views. For similar materials see The World: Peoples and Regions in Geography at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.
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Date Created: 05/15/16
Salt wars Burning English clothes Mohandas (mahatma) Gandhi: Leader of Indian National Congress o Nationalist org o For unified secular India Lawyer Use of satyagraha- civil disobedience Boycott of foreign goods (swadesh) Salt march Other leaders of independence movement: Nehru o Key leader of India o National congress Jinnah o Leader of Muslim league o Wanted separate Muslim state Ambedkar o Major writer of constitution o For Dalit rights The Dalits (the oppressed) Formerly called untouchables, scheduled castes “Unclean occupations” Gandhi and Ambedkar advocated for their rights o Called them harijan Pre-Partition politics: Independence movement o Wanted unified India British construction of Muslim and Hindu constituencies British relationship with Muslim League 1937 elections: Indian National Congress wins Partition (1947) Borders drawn by British administrators (Mountbatten and Radcliffe), in just 6 weeks Outcomes o 12 million forced to migrate o 1 million killed in riots o Permanent refugees o Stoking of Hindu and Islamic nationalisms o Contributes to South Asian geopolitics today East India Company South Asia: Economic Development Economic Development in China: Toy manufacturing Toy Recalls in the US (fall 2007) Lead exposure Safety concerns Why were so many toys recalled? Why were/are so many children’s toys sold in the US made in China? Why the Problem toys? 1. Difference in lead standards? 2. Corruption? a. Bribing of inspectors b. Fake reports 3. Design problems? a. Ex: Mattel’s Magentix toys 4. Long supply chains? a. Multiple contractors and subcontractors 5. Pressures a. From retailers, to keep prices down b. From toy companies How Many US-market Toys are Made in China? 15 million Why Not Mexico? Shift of US-market toy production from US to Mexico starting in 1994 Shift of US-market toy production from Mexico to China in 2001 2001 China joined WTO Economic Liberalization in PR in China: 1979: Special Economic Zone created in Shenzhen. 1980s: Agricultural cooperatives allowed to produce for market 1990s: Chinese economy growing 10% per year What are Special Economic Zones? Specially demarcated area of territory where more liberal trade laws are in force (especially FDI) AKA: export processing zones, free trade zones, industrial estates What for? Toy Production: Why Not Japan. South Korea, Taiwan? Post WWII: Japanese ‘economic miracle’ 1960s: emergence of the Newly Industrializing Countries (NIC) The NICs (1980-1990s) Newly Industrializing Countries o South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia (SE Asian) o Began development in 1950s-1960s o Emerged as strong economies in 1980s Success through 1. Export-oriented growth (neoliberal policy) 2. Strong gov’t agenda for development (not neoliberal) 3. Early in developing electronics industries 4. Trade with US and Japan (large markets) East Asia Factors in East Asian Urbanization: Physical geography o Topography o Agricultural lands Economic development o Rural to urban migration Political factors Peaks in Urban Growth Rates Japan- 1945 – present Taiwan – 1945 to present South Korea – 1953 – 1980 North Korea: 1953 – 1960 China: 1978 to present Japan: Economic Development Post-war economic success Rapid economic and industrial growth Industrial capitalism beginning late 1800s o State support for industrialization o Strong military, imperialism Post-WWII Economic Growth o “Japan, Inc” o Savings-led development 1990s: economic downturn o Neoliberal reforms implemented Economic inequities rise (?) The Koreas: Japanese occupation 1910-1945 Divided 1949/1953 South occupied by US North controlled by nationalist communist party South Korea: Postwar economic challenges (1954-1960) Import substitution (1960-1966) Export oriented industrialization o Chaebol North Korea (DPRK) Centrally planned economy Economic isolation Military spending Juche Regional economic integration Trade in goods and tourism Some regional trade disagreements Territorial disputes Unequal dependence Pacific Rim (APEC) Review- Final Exam: Go over- Partition What did Indian National Congress want after independence?- unified secular India Over what points did the compromise b/w Nehru and Jinnah fail in 1946? Asia, economies, etc. Exam review sheet- vocabulary
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