Wines Comprehensive Spreadsheet
Wines Comprehensive Spreadsheet HADM 4300
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashley Notetaker on Tuesday May 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HADM 4300 at Cornell University taught by Stanley in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 587 views.
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Date Created: 05/17/16
Location Prominent Reds Prominent Whites Classifications Labeling Climate Pinot Noir Riesling Appellation Alsace Controlee (76%) Type of Wine Lowest Rainfall in all of France Gewurztraminer Appellation Cremant d'Alsace (20%) Vintage Year Longer Growing Season than Germany Soil Types: Limestone/Sand, Pinot Blanc Alsace Grand Cru Percentage Alcohol Clay/Marlstone, Flint/Schist/Shale/Slate Long, cool growing season that allows Pinot Gris Volume Content white grape varieties to produce more armoatics and develop higher sugar levels Alsace Name of the producer (including if it is a Sylvanaer grower or if it was just a company that bottled the wine) Mis en boutielle a la Propriete/Domaine: Muscat "Estate bottled" Mis en boutielle Par: "Bottled by" Sur Lie: wine is allowed to sit on yeast vells to develop texture and add flavor Cabernet Franc Chennin Blanc Pays Nantais [Muscadet] Sec-dry Location: South and West of Paris Grolleau Muscadet (Melon de bourgogne) Anjou [Chennin Blanc, Savennieres] demi sec- off dry Ranged from temperate in the west to continental in the east Microclimates influenced by the Atlantic Gamay a Noir a Jus Blanc Sauvignon Blanc Saumer [Chennin Blanc, Saumur Champigny] maelleux- semi sweet Ocean to the west and by the Loire River Loire Pinot Noir Touraine [Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Cheverney, doux- sweet Limestone gives wine a flinty quality Vouvray] Wines named after the places where East/Upper Loire [Sauvignon Blanc, Sancerre] grapes are grown (villages) Cool climate makes wines more vegetal Place dictates the grape which can be Climate best suited for production of white used & sparkling wines Most regional wines do not list a sub- Right Bank: Soils are a mix of clay, sand, Merlot Semillon AOC Levels: region, those that do can blend grapes and limestone with less gravel. Merlot from up to 47 different villages dominates the blend Left Bank: deep gravel soils. Cabernet Cabernet Sauvignon Sauvignon Blanc Regional (Bordeaux AOC) Village only= village wine Sauvignon dominates the blend Cabernet Franc Muscadelle Sub Regional (Haut-Medoc, AOC) Village + Vineyard= Premier Cru Bordeaux Malbec, Petit Verdot, Commune (Margaux, AOC) Vineyard only= Grand Cru Carmenere Mis en bouteille au domaine, mis au Shateau (Chateau Margaux) domaine, mis en bouteille a la propriete negociants It's about brand not the land Burgundy Pinot noir Chardonnay Grand Cru (best vineyard sites) It's about the land not the brand Continental Climate Gamay (grown in Beaujolais) Aligote Premier Cru (above average) Village only=Village Wine Cold winters;hot summers Commune/Village Wines (vary more in quality, associated with the village they come from) Village + Vineyard= Premier Cru Weather= variable/unpredictable Sometimes the Village adopts the name Regional Wine (vary by region) of the grand cru vineyard in it's area aspotential for frost, hail and heavy rain at part of the name the wrong time of the year Vineyard only= Grand Cru Causes differences in vintage quality Mis en boutielle par/dans nos caves=Negociants No moderating effects to regulate temp Beaujolais Gamay Beaujolais Noveau Slightly warner than Burgundy Beaujolais Superiur Wineayrds located at the bottom of hillsides Beaujolais Villages Cru Beaujolais Location Prominent Reds Prominent Whites Classifications Labeling Climate Continental climate with harsh winterns, Syrah (Northern Rhone) Viognier (Northern Rhone) AOC French regulation laws AOC French regulation laws warm summers (Northern Rhone) Southern Rhone blends of Southern Rhone blends of Red Cote Rotie Mediterranean climate with mild winters, below: below: hot summers (Southern Rhone) Drought can be a problem but limited Grenache Ugni Blanc Hermitage irrigation is permitted (Southern) Makes mostly reds, fuller, higher alcohol Rhone Syrah (Northern Rhone) Roussanne Crozes Hermitage content Mourvedre Bourbolenc Saint Joseph Carigan Picpoul Cornas Cinsaut Clairette Saint Pernay Condriue Chateau Gillet Cabernet Sauvignon Chardonnay (AVAs) Varietal-min 75% grape variety labeled Generally warm to hot, but very variable due to the influence of the Pacific Ocean Ocean breezes and fog moderate temperature Merlot Sauvignon Blanc Napa Valley Generic- place name from famous region downward Pinot Noir Chennin Black (mostly for Sonoma Valley Proprietary- mae-up name Areas located on the interior of the state don't blending) experience fluctuations Mediterranean-type climate: Rains fall in the winter, Zinfandel Pinot Gris/Girgio Carneros CA- 100% (from location) but not during the summer growing season California Viognier (trendy) Russian River Valley County- 75% (from location) Irrigation to supply grapevines water AVA- 85% (from location) Droughts can cause vintage variation Vineyard- 95% (from location) Altitude & Soil are also important Estate- 100% (from location) State or county- 75% (Vintage) AVA- 85% (Vintage) (NY) Cold growing easons in Finger Lakes Riesling AVAs can kill vines if temp drops too dramatically. White wines do better here (LI) Climate is warmer/maritime with a Cayuga (Hybrid) (Finger Lakes) Finger Lakes longer growing season, so red grape varieties (Merlot, Cabernet, Red Blends) do better here Amelioration is allowed here (esp in NYS Ravet/Vignole (Hybrid) (Finger Lakes) Cayuga Lake cool regions) also chaptalization New York Seyval Blan (Hybrid) (Finger Lakes) Seneca Lake Vidal (Hybrid) (Long Island) North Fork Traminette (Hybrid) (Long Island) The Hamptons on the South Fork Concord (Labrusca) (Long Island) Long Island Delaware (Labrusca) (Hudson Valley) Hudson River Valley Niagra (Labrusca) (Lake Erie) Lake Erie (Niagra Escarpment) Niagra Escarpment Tempranillo Albarino DOCa DOCa system controls grapes planted, Warm to hot and dry --> very low yeilds, low harvest yields, aging periods prevalence of downy mildews Garnacha Vuira Vino de Mesa (Table wine) Blanco: White Spain Carinena Parellada Vino de la Tierra (Broad Geo. Designation) Bodega: winery Vino de Calidad Producido en Region Determinata Cosecha: vintage Crianza: aged 6 mths on oak (red wines), Denominacion de Origen (DO) aged 3 months on oak (white/rose wines) Location Prominent Reds Prominent Whites Classifications Labeling Climate Gran Reserva: exceptional vintages, reds Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCGa) aged 5 years (min 2 years in oak), whites aged 4 years (min 6ths in oak) Denominacion de Pago Tinto: red North Island: warmer (good for reds eg cab sauv Pinot Noir Sauvignon Blanc 75% if grape variety is stated also pinot noir) (good for whites eg chardonnay & sauv blanc) New Zealand cool, plenty of rainfall maritime climate South Island also great for the rise of pinot noir-- vines planted on hillsides for more sun exposure Daytime temps from 77-95 dregrees (W, S Shiraz Chardonnay 85% if varietal is stated Australia, Tasmania & Victoria) Tropical climate with hot & dry conditions Cobernet Sauvignon Semillon 85% if growing area is named (Queensland, New South Wales) Australia Merlot Reisling 95% if vintage is dated Generally warm and dry "Show Reserve": wine has won a medal at a Savignon Blanc competition Blending: hyphenated names on label Pinotage Chenin Blanc (Steen) Wine of Origin System (WO) Hot and dry in higher altitudes Caberbet Sauvignon Colombard 75% if variety named some cooler microclimates around southern coast South Africa Shiraz Chardonnay exported wines: 85% Region/100% estate Pinot Noir Sauvignon Blanc Riesling Semillon Touriga Nacional Alvarinho Vinho de Mesa Temperate along the cost Touriga Freacesa Loureiro Vinho Regional Hot and dry inland Portugal Tinta Roriz IPR Periquita Indicacao de Proveniencia Regulamentada Denominacao de Origem Controlada (DOC) Malbec Sauv Blanc Instituto Nacional Viticinicultura (INV) Vino Fino: 85% grape variety minimum Warm to hot and dry cabernet sauv Chardonnay high altitude tempers climate Merlot Torrontes Warm by day, cool by night, and desert dry Argentina Mountain range blocks ocean dampness, ocean Carmenere Sauvignon Blanc DO System 75% for variety, region, or vintage tempers hot climate 85% of varital, viticultural area, vintage for long growing season- development of complex Chile Cabernet Sauvignon Chardonnay exported flavors and aromas Merlot Semillon Typically named after their varietal dry growing seasons-reduce fungal disease issue Syrah Pais Ample water supply from Andes Zwiegalt Gruner Veltliner Tafelwein: table wine warmer and less rainfall than germany Reisling Landwein: from large geographic district Qualitatswein: may be chaptalized Silvaner Kabinett: may not be chaptalized Austria Kerner Pradikatswein: no sussreserve Scherureber Spatlese Pinot Gris Auslese Gewurstraminer Beerenauslese Chardonnary Eiswein Location Prominent Reds Prominent Whites Classifications Labeling Climate Trockenbeerenauslese 85% if grape Vineyard on center of label, region on top, Abundant rivers (longer growing season, reflection Pinot Noir Reisling Ranking in Pradikat from least ripe to ripest (KSABET) Producer's name appears after "der" of sun helps grapes grow longer and faster) Muller-Thurgau (Rivaner) QmP- quality wines with special attributes (their ripeness) Weingut- wine producing estate Slopes buffer against wind Dornfelder QbA- quality wines from a special region Weinkelleri-blender North: cool (therefore more white wines) Winzergenossenschaft—Winegrowers’ co-op Erratic weather (therefore steep slopes, rivers help Portugeiser Landwein- table wine with a specific geographic indication cellar (very ordinary beverage wines) to moderate) Gutsafullung—Grower/Producer estate bottled Germany Trollinger VDP: Top level: "great growths" (no cooperative) Lemberger Erzeurgerabfullung—cooperate (estate bottled) Abfuller—bottler/shipper Trocken: dry Halbtrocken: off dry Lieblich: sweet Sekt: sparkling extensive longitudinal range of the country permits Can use some grapes with country of origin wine growing from the Alps in the north to almost Nebbiolo (Baroli, Barbaresco) Pinot Grigio Denomination of Origin Laws (modeled after AOC) WITHOUT VINTAGE DATE as table wine within sight of Africa in the south peninsula geography allows for mederating climate Sangiovese (Chianti, Brunello, Super Tuscans) VDT (table wine) Grape Variety to coastal wine regions extensive mountains and foothills provide many altitudes for grape growing (variety of climate and Cab Sauv (Super Tuscans) IGP (protected Georgraphic Indication: at least 85% from area) Area/Zone of Production soil conditions) DOC (Denomination of Controlled Origin): Regulated geography, Merlot (Super Tusans) grapes, yields, aging Grape Variety & Area/Zone Italy DOCG (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin): Barbera Dolcetto (Barbera) further guarantee of authenticity, lowest yields Fantasy/Proprietary Classico-historic or "classic" growing area of a PDO specific zone PGI Riserva- DOC or DOCG, aged longer Wines without Origin Superiore- DOC wines with higher level of alcohol Rosato: rose Rosso: red Secco: dry Vintage: champagne from grapes ripe enough that wine can be Marginal Climate: grapes rarely ripen fully <-- made entirely from the grapes of that year without being blended makes champagne different from other sparkling with reserve wines from previous years Extra Brut (Natural Brut/ Brut Nature): totally dwines Non Vintage: any champagne without a vintage year on the label. Methods of production: Charmat, Bottle Wines from 3 or 4 harvests are usually in the blend Brut: dry Fermentation, Transfer, Carbonation Vintage (France): aged at least 3 yrs in bottle Extra Dry: medium Dry Non Vintage (France): aged at least 15 months in bottle (must be done post- Jan 1st) Sec: slightly sweet Prestige cuvee (France): longer than vintage (longer than 3 yrs)Demi-Sec: fairly sweet Doux: sweet **CHAMPAGNES Spumante- Italian for sparkling wine /SPARKLING Asti- type of sparkling wine produced in Piedmont WINES region of Italy using moscato grapes Prosecco- dry Italian sparkling wine Sekt- German for sparkling wine Cremant- sparkling wine from the Loire Mousseux- sparkling wine from the Loire Cuvee – first pressing of grapes Taille – second pressing of grapes Liqueur de tirage – addition of sugar and yeast to cuvee Location Prominent Reds Prominent Whites Classifications Labeling Climate Remuage (riddling) – yeast deposits move towards cork due to hand turning or gyropalette Degorgement – removal of dead yeast cells Dosage – addition of wine and sugar
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