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CORNELL / Hotel and Restaurant Management / HRMA 4300 / What is a rhone style red wine?

What is a rhone style red wine?

What is a rhone style red wine?

Description

School: Cornell University
Department: Hotel and Restaurant Management
Course: Intro to Wines
Professor: Stanley
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: wines, hadm 4300, stanley, intro, to, final, study, guide, and Spreadsheet
Cost: 50
Name: Wines Comprehensive Spreadsheet
Description: -Summarizes all important information regarding each location covered in lecture throughout the year -Reviews location, grape varietals, climate, labeling laws, classification notes, etc -Perfect for quick and comprehensive review/studying
Uploaded: 05/17/2016
5 Pages 21 Views 6 Unlocks
Reviews


Location

Prominent Reds

Prominent Whites

Classifications

Labeling

Climate

Alsace

Pinot Noir

Riesling

Gewurztraminer

Pinot Blanc

Pinot Gris

Sylvanaer

Muscat

Appellation Alsace Controlee (76%)

Appellation Cremant d'Alsace (20%)

Alsace Grand Cru

Type of Wine

Vintage Year

Percentage Alcohol

Volume Content

Name of the producer (including if it is a grower or if it was just a company that bottled the wine)

Mis en boutielle a la Propriete/Domaine: "Estate bottled"

Mis en boutielle Par: "Bottled by"

Sur Lie: wine is allowed to sit on yeast vells to develop texture and add flavor

Lowest Rainfall in all of France

Longer Growing Season than Germany

Soil Types: Limestone/Sand,

Clay/Marlstone, Flint/Schist/Shale/Slate

Long, cool growing season that allows white grape varieties to produce more armoatics and develop higher sugar levels

Loire

Cabernet Franc

Grolleau

Gamay a Noir a Jus Blanc Pinot Noir

Chennin Blanc

Muscadet (Melon de bourgogne) Sauvignon Blanc

Pays Nantais [Muscadet]

Anjou [Chennin Blanc, Savennieres]

Saumer [Chennin Blanc, Saumur Champigny]

Touraine [Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Cheverney, Vouvray]

East/Upper Loire [Sauvignon Blanc, Sancerre]

Sec-dry

demi sec- off dry

maelleux- semi sweet

doux- sweet

Wines named after the places where grapes are grown (villages)

Place dictates the grape which can be used

Location: South and West of Paris

Ranged from temperate in the west to continental in the east

Microclimates influenced by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and by the Loire River

Limestone gives wine a flinty quality

Cool climate makes wines more vegetal

Climate best suited for production of white & sparkling wines

Bordeaux

Merlot

Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Franc

Malbec, Petit Verdot,

Carmenere

Semillon

Sauvignon Blanc

Muscadelle

AOC Levels:

Regional (Bordeaux AOC)

Sub Regional (Haut-Medoc, AOC)

Commune (Margaux, AOC)

Shateau (Chateau Margaux)

Most regional wines do not list a sub region, those that do can blend grapes from up to 47 different villages

Village only= village wine

Village + Vineyard= Premier Cru Vineyard only= Grand Cru

Mis en bouteille au domaine, mis au domaine, mis en bouteille a la propriete

negociants

It's about brand not the land

Right Bank: Soils are a mix of clay, sand, and limestone with less gravel. Merlot dominates the blend

Left Bank: deep gravel soils. Cabernet Sauvignon dominates the blend

Burgundy

Pinot noir

Gamay (grown in Beaujolais)

Chardonnay

Aligote

Grand Cru (best vineyard sites)

Premier Cru (above average)

Commune/Village Wines (vary more in quality, associated with the village they come from)

Regional Wine (vary by region)

It's about the land not the brand Village only=Village Wine

Village + Vineyard= Premier Cru

Sometimes the Village adopts the name of the grand cru vineyard in it's area as part of the name

Vineyard only= Grand Cru

Mis en boutielle par/dans nos

caves=Negociants

Continental Climate

Cold winters;hot summers

Weather= variable/unpredictable

potential for frost, hail and heavy rain at the wrong time of the year

Causes differences in vintage quality No moderating effects to regulate temp

Beaujolais

Gamay

Beaujolais Noveau

Beaujolais Superiur

Beaujolais Villages

Cru Beaujolais

Slightly warner than Burgundy

Wineayrds located at the bottom of hillsides


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Location

Prominent Reds

Prominent Whites

Classifications

Labeling

Climate

Rhone

Syrah (Northern Rhone)

Southern Rhone blends of below:

Grenache

Syrah (Northern Rhone)

Mourvedre

Carigan

Cinsaut

Viognier (Northern Rhone)

Southern Rhone blends of below:

Ugni Blanc

Roussanne

Bourbolenc

Picpoul

Clairette

AOC French regulation laws

Red Cote Rotie

Hermitage

Crozes Hermitage

Saint Joseph

Cornas

Saint Pernay

Condriue

Chateau Gillet

AOC French regulation laws

Continental climate with harsh winterns, warm summers (Northern Rhone)

Mediterranean climate with mild winters, hot summers (Southern Rhone)

Drought can be a problem but limited irrigation is permitted (Southern)

Makes mostly reds, fuller, higher alcohol content

California

Cabernet Sauvignon

Merlot

Pinot Noir

Zinfandel

Chardonnay

Sauvignon Blanc

Chennin Black (mostly for blending)

Pinot Gris/Girgio

Viognier (trendy)

(AVAs)

Napa Valley

Sonoma Valley

Carneros

Russian River Valley

Varietal-min 75% grape variety labeled Generic- place name from famous region Proprietary- mae-up name

CA- 100% (from location)

County- 75% (from location)

AVA- 85% (from location)

Vineyard- 95% (from location)

Estate- 100% (from location)

State or county- 75% (Vintage)

AVA- 85% (Vintage)

Generally warm to hot, but very variable due to the influence of the Pacific Ocean

Ocean breezes and fog moderate temperature downward

Areas located on the interior of the state don't experience fluctuations

Mediterranean-type climate: Rains fall in the winter, but not during the summer growing season

Irrigation to supply grapevines water

Droughts can cause vintage variation

Altitude & Soil are also important

New York

Riesling

Cayuga (Hybrid)

Ravet/Vignole (Hybrid)

Seyval Blan (Hybrid)

Vidal (Hybrid)

Traminette (Hybrid)

Concord (Labrusca)

Delaware (Labrusca)

Niagra (Labrusca)

AVAs

(Finger Lakes) Finger Lakes

(Finger Lakes) Cayuga Lake

(Finger Lakes) Seneca Lake

(Long Island) North Fork

(Long Island) The Hamptons on the South Fork (Long Island) Long Island

(Hudson Valley) Hudson River Valley

(Lake Erie) Lake Erie

(Niagra Escarpment) Niagra Escarpment

(NY) Cold growing easons in Finger Lakes can kill vines if temp drops too

dramatically. White wines do better here

(LI) Climate is warmer/maritime with a longer growing season, so red grape varieties (Merlot, Cabernet, Red Blends) do better here

Amelioration is allowed here (esp in NYS cool regions) also chaptalization

Spain

Tempranillo

Garnacha

Carinena

Albarino

Vuira

Parellada

DOCa

Vino de Mesa (Table wine)

Vino de la Tierra (Broad Geo. Designation) Vino de Calidad Producido en Region Determinata

Denominacion de Origen (DO)

DOCa system controls grapes planted, harvest yields, aging periods

Blanco: White

Bodega: winery

Cosecha: vintage

Crianza: aged 6 mths on oak (red wines), aged 3 months on oak (white/rose wines)

Warm to hot and dry --> very low yeilds, low prevalence of downy mildews




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Location

Prominent Reds

Prominent Whites

Classifications

Labeling

Climate

Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCGa) Denominacion de Pago

Gran Reserva: exceptional vintages, reds aged 5 years (min 2 years in oak), whites aged 4 years (min 6ths in oak)

Tinto: red

New Zealand

Pinot Noir

Sauvignon Blanc

75% if grape variety is stated

North Island: warmer (good for reds eg cab sauv also pinot noir) (good for whites eg chardonnay & sauv blanc)

cool, plenty of rainfall

maritime climate

South Island also great for the rise of pinot noir-- vines planted on hillsides for more sun exposure

Australia

Shiraz

Cobernet Sauvignon

Merlot

Chardonnay

Semillon

Reisling

Savignon Blanc

85% if varietal is stated

85% if growing area is named

95% if vintage is dated

"Show Reserve": wine has won a medal at a competition

Blending: hyphenated names on label

Daytime temps from 77-95 dregrees (W, S Australia, Tasmania & Victoria)

Tropical climate with hot & dry conditions (Queensland, New South Wales)

Generally warm and dry

South Africa

Pinotage

Caberbet Sauvignon

Shiraz

Pinot Noir

Chenin Blanc (Steen)

Colombard

Chardonnay

Sauvignon Blanc

Riesling

Semillon

Wine of Origin System (WO)

75% if variety named

exported wines: 85% Region/100% estate

Hot and dry in higher altitudes

some cooler microclimates around southern coast

Portugal

Touriga Nacional

Touriga Freacesa

Tinta Roriz

Periquita

Alvarinho

Loureiro

Vinho de Mesa

Vinho Regional

IPR

Indicacao de Proveniencia Regulamentada

Denominacao de Origem Controlada (DOC)

Temperate along the cost

Hot and dry inland

Argentina

Malbec

cabernet sauv

Merlot

Sauv Blanc

Chardonnay

Torrontes

Instituto Nacional Viticinicultura (INV)

Vino Fino: 85% grape variety minimum

Warm to hot and dry

high altitude tempers climate

Warm by day, cool by night, and desert dry

Chile

Carmenere

Cabernet Sauvignon

Merlot

Syrah

Sauvignon Blanc

Chardonnay

Semillon

Pais

DO System

75% for variety, region, or vintage

85% of varital, viticultural area, vintage for exported

Typically named after their varietal

Mountain range blocks ocean dampness, ocean tempers hot climate

long growing season- development of complex flavors and aromas

dry growing seasons-reduce fungal disease issue Ample water supply from Andes

Austria

Zwiegalt

Gruner Veltliner

Reisling

Silvaner

Kerner

Scherureber

Pinot Gris

Gewurstraminer

Chardonnary

Tafelwein: table wine

Landwein: from large geographic district

Qualitatswein: may be chaptalized

Kabinett: may not be chaptalized

Pradikatswein: no sussreserve

Spatlese

Auslese

Beerenauslese

Eiswein

warmer and less rainfall than germany




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Location

Prominent Reds

Prominent Whites

Classifications

Labeling

Climate

Trockenbeerenauslese

85% if grape

Germany

Pinot Noir

Dornfelder

Portugeiser

Trollinger

Lemberger

Reisling

Muller-Thurgau (Rivaner)

Ranking in Pradikat from least ripe to ripest (KSABET) QmP- quality wines with special attributes (their ripeness) QbA- quality wines from a special region

Landwein- table wine with a specific geographic indication VDP: Top level: "great growths"

Vineyard on center of label, region on top, Producer's name appears after "der"

Weingut- wine producing estate

Weinkelleri-blender

Winzergenossenschaft—Winegrowers’ co-op cellar (very ordinary beverage wines)

Gutsafullung—Grower/Producer estate bottled (no cooperative)

Erzeurgerabfullung—cooperate (estate bottled) Abfuller—bottler/shipper

Trocken: dry

Halbtrocken: off dry

Lieblich: sweet

Sekt: sparkling

Abundant rivers (longer growing season, reflection of sun helps grapes grow longer and faster)

Slopes buffer against wind

North: cool (therefore more white wines)

Erratic weather (therefore steep slopes, rivers help to moderate)

Italy

Nebbiolo (Baroli, Barbaresco) Pinot Grigio

Sangiovese (Chianti, Brunello, Super Tuscans)

Cab Sauv (Super Tuscans)

Merlot (Super Tusans)

Barbera Dolcetto (Barbera)

Denomination of Origin Laws (modeled after AOC)

VDT (table wine)

IGP (protected Georgraphic Indication: at least 85% from area)

DOC (Denomination of Controlled Origin): Regulated geography, grapes, yields, aging

DOCG (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin): further guarantee of authenticity, lowest yields

PDO

PGI

Wines without Origin

Can use some grapes with country of origin WITHOUT VINTAGE DATE as table wine

Grape Variety

Area/Zone of Production

Grape Variety & Area/Zone

Fantasy/Proprietary

Classico-historic or "classic" growing area of a specific zone

Riserva- DOC or DOCG, aged longer

Superiore- DOC wines with higher level of alcoholRosato: rose

Rosso: red

Secco: dry

extensive longitudinal range of the country permits wine growing from the Alps in the north to almost within sight of Africa in the south

peninsula geography allows for mederating climate to coastal wine regions

extensive mountains and foothills provide many altitudes for grape growing (variety of climate and soil conditions)

**CHAMPAGNES /SPARKLING

WINES

Vintage: champagne from grapes ripe enough that wine can be made entirely from the grapes of that year without being blended with reserve wines from previous years

Non Vintage: any champagne without a vintage year on the label. Wines from 3 or 4 harvests are usually in the blend

Vintage (France): aged at least 3 yrs in bottle

Non Vintage (France): aged at least 15 months in bottle (must be done post- Jan 1st)

Prestige cuvee (France): longer than vintage (longer than 3 yrs)

Extra Brut (Natural Brut/ Brut Nature): totally dry

Brut: dry

Extra Dry: medium Dry

Sec: slightly sweet

Demi-Sec: fairly sweet

Doux: sweet

Spumante- Italian for sparkling wine

Asti- type of sparkling wine produced in Piedmont region of Italy using moscato grapes

Prosecco- dry Italian sparkling wine

Sekt- German for sparkling wine

Cremant- sparkling wine from the Loire Mousseux- sparkling wine from the Loire Cuvee – first pressing of grapes

Taille – second pressing of grapes

Liqueur de tirage – addition of sugar and yeast to cuvee

Marginal Climate: grapes rarely ripen fully <-- makes champagne different from other sparkling wines

Methods of production: Charmat, Bottle Fermentation, Transfer, Carbonation

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Location

Prominent Reds

Prominent Whites

Classifications

Labeling

Climate

Remuage (riddling) – yeast deposits move towards cork due to hand turning or gyropalette

Degorgement – removal of dead yeast cells Dosage – addition of wine and sugar

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