PSY 305 Study Guide Midterm 3
PSY 305 Study Guide Midterm 3 Psych 305
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Abby Kienle on Thursday May 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 305 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Aaron Estrada in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Personality in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 05/19/16
PSYCH 305 Study Guide – Midterm 3 Terms to Know: flash chards Trait approach Big five Allport Murray Cattel Central traits Cardinal trait Secondary traits Nomothetic approach Idiographic approach Psychogenic needs Trait Person-by-situation approach Social desirability Self-report inventory TAT MMPI-2 Neuroticism Openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness Extraversion Social anxiety Achievement goals Defensive pessimists Dispositional optimism Emotional affectivity Emotional expressiveness Evaluation apprehension Type A personality Type B Type C Type D Affect intensity Press Common trait Humanistic Approach Conditional positive regard Deficiency motives Fully functioning person Growth needs Hierarchy of needs Optimal experience Self-actualization subception Q- sort Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow Personology Personal responsibility Distortion Self-actualization Self-transcendence Person-centered therapy Unconditional positive regard Optimal experiences Happiness estimates Extraversion High scorers are highly sociable, friendly, outgoing, and have a high need for social interaction Agreeableness High scorers are cooperative, warm, loving, and do not enjoy confrontation Openness High scorers are open to new ideas, have creative imaginations, and are usually more accepting Neuroticism High scorers are more likely to experience negative emotions, can be paranoid, or particular Usually more anxious and less trusting Conscientiousness High scorers are orderly, responsible, and have high aspirations Usually are more careful and obedient Name the contributions of the three most prominent trait theorists: 1. Gordon Allport: 2. Henry Murray: 3. Raymond Cattel: Name the contributions of the most prominent humanistic theorists 1. Carl Rogers: 2. Abraham Maslow: Chapter 7: Trait Approach Know the Big Five and what they indicate Know the importance of the contribution of the Thematic Apperception Test Can the trait approach be applied across cultures? Know the strengths and limitations of the trait approach What is the main goal of trait approach? Why does it focus less on the individual themselves? Explain how What is the person-to-situation approach and what does it try to measure or compare? Why might this be important? Know the advantages and disadvantages of self-report inventories. What is the most widely used one? Know why some test takers would want to “fake good” or “fake bad”. Chapter 8: Trait Approach Research and Assessment Know about achievement goals and the motivations behind them What are the characteristics of people high in achievement motivation? Does achievement motivation differ across genders and ages? Explain attributions. Know and briefly describe Type A,B,C, and D personalities. What are some health implications for these? What is social anxiety? How is it different from shyness or introversion? What are some explanations for social anxiety? How do emotional affectivity and expressiveness play into social anxiety? Chapter 11: Humanistic Approach Briefly describe the Humanistic approach. What are the key components of it? What is the key goal of the humanistic approach? Briefly describe the process and aim of person-centered therapy. What is the role of the therapist? Explain the concept of unconditional positive regard. What is the hierarchy of needs? What are those needs? What is at the top and how do you get there? What are deficiency motives? What are growth needs? How do they impact our behavior and thinking? Explain a fully-functioning person and what that means. What are the attributes of a fully functioning person? What is self-actualization vs self-transcendence? How does one achieve self-transcendence? Know the contributions of Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. According to Rogers, where does anxiety stem from? What is subception? What do we use it for? What are our most common defenses? What are the attributes of a psychologically healthy person? What is an optimal experiences? Briefly describe what that entails. Know briefly about happiness estimates. How much is supposedly genetic? What are some ways to improve happiness? Know about self-disclosure. What kind of studies have been done in regards to self-disclosure? Why do intimacy levels need to be the same in regards to sharing personal information? Define self-esteem and self-concept. How are they different? What are some attributes of people with high self-esteem? How does their behavior differ from people with low self-esteem? Know about loneliness and how It is defined in regards to the humanistic approach. Why do people become lonely? Is the reason universal across cultures? Know any relevant research or studies done on these topics.
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