Spanish 1013 Panorama Chapter 9 Exam 1 Study Guide
Spanish 1013 Panorama Chapter 9 Exam 1 Study Guide SPAN1013
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaitlyn Olsen on Sunday May 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPAN1013 at University of Cincinnati taught by Brian Hunter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Extended Basic Spanish 3 in Foreign Language at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 05/22/16
Panorama Chapter 9 – Examen 1 – Study Guide Chapter 9 (Extra Important) Vocabulary Los dulces – sweets; candy La edad - age El estado civil – marital status Las etapas de la vida –the stages of life La pareja – couple; partner El nacimiento - birth Casarse – to get married Jubilarse – to retire Comprometerse – to get engaged to La alegria Enamorarse – to fall in love with El beso Llevarse bein/mal con – to get along well/badly with Odiar – to hate Romper – to break up Tener una cita – to have a date; appointment Juntos/as - together Viudo/a - widower/widow Chapter 9 – Section 1 – Irregular Preterites venir (i-stem) decir (j-stem) vine dije viniste dijiste vino dijo vinimos dijimos vinisteis dijisteis vinieron dijeron None of the forms are accented. These verbs fall into stem change "categories". Each verbs conjugations are determined by the stem category the verb belongs to. Irregular preterite verbs are either u-stem, i-stem, or j-stem. The stem change categories of u-stem and i-stem share the same endings. Regardless of a verb's infinitive ending (querer, estar), the verbs that are irregular in the preterite tense have the same conjugated endings; unless the infinitive stem ends in "cir" (conducir). This causes the stem of that verb to end in a "j" (conduj-). The "j" ending effects only the Uds., ellos, ellas form by changing the ending from the normal "-ieron" to "-eron". The verbs ir (to be) and ser (to go) are also irregular in the preterite tense. Their stem changes are the same (so one would have to use context to know which verb the writer or speaker is implying). Both ir and ser change to fu-. To conjugate, just add the j-stem endings (fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron) In addition to ir and ser, these are irregular preterite verbs: U-stem J-stem Poder = pud- Traer = traj- Poner = pus- Conducir = conduj- Saber = sup- Traducir = traduj- I-stem Estar = estuv- Querer = quis- Hacer = hic- The verb dar doesn't follow the stem change categories (u-stem, i-stem, j- stem). It's stem in the preterite, omits the –ar, making it only d-. It uses the same conjugation endings as the u-stem and i-stem verbs. The preterite of the infinitive verb haber is "hubo" which means there was; there were. Chapter 9.2 - Verbs that change meaning in the preterite These verbs are conocer, saber, poder, querer Present tense Preterite tense Concocer To know; to be To meet acquainted with Saber To know To find out; to learn information; to know how to do something Poder To be able to To manage; to succeed Querer To want; to love To try Chapter 9.3 - Qué, Cuál o Cuáles Each of these words have similar definitions but are to be used differently. Qué: means What?; Use this when asking for explanations or definitions; Use before a noun in a sentence. Example 1: ¿Qué es tu opinión? = What is your opinion? Qué is used because the speaker is asking someone to explain how they feel about something without giving options. If the speaker were to give choices, such as for or against an issue, then Cuál would be used. Example 2: ¿Qué restaurante prefieres? = What (Which) restaurant do you prefer? We use Qué because there is a noun immediately after the interrogative. When a noun follows the interrogative, Qué is used but the meaning changes from What to Which. Cuál: means Which?; Use when the speaker gives two or more singular options. Example 1: ¿Cuál de los prefieres, el vino o el champán? = Which do you prefer, wine or champagne? This question asks if the person like one choice or the other. When the question is asking the person to choose from singular items, use Cuál. Cuáles: means Which ones?; Use when plural choices are given. Example 1: ¿Cuáles son tus medias, las negras o las blancas? = Which ones are your socks, the black ones or the white ones? Cuáles is used here because the options (which socks) is plural. Chapter 9 (Extra-Important) Vocabulary Los dulces – sweets; candy La edad - age El estado civil – marital status Las etapas de la vida –the stages of life La pareja – couple; partner El nacimiento - birth Casarse – to get married Jubilarse – to retire Comprometerse – to get engaged to La alegria Enamorarse – to fall in love with El beso Llevarse bein/mal con – to get along well/badly with Odiar – to hate Romper – to break up Tener una cita – to have a date; appointment Juntos/as - together Viudo/a - widower/widow
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