Study Guide for Spanish Panorama Text Chapter 10
Study Guide for Spanish Panorama Text Chapter 10 SPAN1013
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaitlyn Olsen on Tuesday May 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPAN1013 at University of Cincinnati taught by Brian Hunter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Extended Basic Spanish 3 in Foreign Language at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 05/31/16
Spanish Panorama Chapter 10.1-2 Imperfect Tense The imperfect tense is used when talking about past situations. Such as: o Habitual or continuing actions - "We used to ___ every ____." o Event in progress - "I was reading." o Physical traits, age, or emotional/mental states o Telling time - "It was ____" which would be "Eran ___." Conjugations: -ar Ending Verbs -er and –ir Ending Verbs cantaba escribía cantabas escribías cantaba escribía cantábamos escribíamos cantabais escribíais cantaban escribían No stem changes in the imperfect tense! The verb "hay" is "había" in the imperfect. Only three irregular verbs! (The nosotros form is accented in all three)í Ir Ser Ver iba era veía ibas eras veías iba era veía íbamos éramos veíamos ibais erais veíais iban eran veían Preterite vs Imperfect – Uses Preterite Imperfect When speaking about a Actions that are complete continious or ongoing instance with no mention about its beginning or end When the beginning or end Talking about repeated, of an event is mentioned habitual, and ongoing events When talking about a series Discussing physical or mental of past events traits or situations Constructions with "se" Do not overthink this! It's easy! Se is used like English uses "it is" or "someone does". It's a way of giving directions or facts without using a pronoun (you, him, her, they, etc). It says that something is done or not done by the people in a specific area. "Se habla español en Costa Rica" - "Spanish is spoken in Costa Rica" The se is used here to give generalized information. It does not say who speaks Spanish is Costa Rica, instead since Spanish is the most popular and official language of Costa Ricans, "se" shows that the speaker is speaking generally and not specifically to everyone. "Se vende ropa" - They sell clothes. Like the first example, this se does not mean a specific person or group. The speaker has already established the subject and therefore, does not need to say "That store..." These constructions always use Se. The singular or plural uses of the joining verb depends on the number of items discussed. If the noun (item) is singular, the verb ends in –a (for –ar verbs) or –e (for –er and –ir verbs). "Se vende ropa" If plural, you add an –n to the end of the verb. "Se venden camisas"
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