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Crim C10 - Final Study Guide

by: Edward Avakian

Crim C10 - Final Study Guide Crm/Law C10

Marketplace > University of California - Irvine > Crm/Law C10 > Crim C10 Final Study Guide
Edward Avakian
GPA 3.62

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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on the final.
William Thompson
Study Guide
Crim, criminology, Law, Society, Fundamentals, crimc10, c10, William, thompson, professorthompson, UCI
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Edward Avakian on Friday June 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Crm/Law C10 at University of California - Irvine taught by William Thompson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.

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Date Created: 06/03/16
Criminal Defendant someone who has been accused of committing a crime Civil Defendant someone accused of harming a plaintiff Prosecutor a government official who works to find the defendant guilty of a crime an official who decides a questions Judge brought before a court a body of citizens sworn to give an Jury impartial verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law A system of law concerned with those Criminal Law who commit crimes. laws that deal with conflicts among the Civil Law private rights of individuals, groups, or businesses a person or group filing a lawsuit in Plaintiff civil court The standard that must be met for a jury to decide if a defendant is guilty in Beyond a Reasonable Doubt a criminal case. The jury has to be nearly sure that the defendant is guilty to vote guilty. serious crimes that are generally Felony punishable by one year or more in prison, example: murder, rape a crime or offense that is less serious Misdemeanor than a felony; less than one year in prison the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, Judicial Review or national governments unconstitutional (civil law) any wrongdoing for which an Tort action for damages may be brought (criminal law) a negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of Plea Bargain guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge someone who sees an event and Witness reports what happened a jury of 12 to determine the facts and Petit Jury make decisions in a civil or criminal proceedings group that hears charges against a suspect and decides whether there is Grand Jury sufficient evidence to bring the person to trial (to indict) Fair treatment through the judicial Due Process system guaranteed by both the 5th and 14th Amendments a court order requiring appearance subpoena and/or testimony The search for and taking of persons search and seizure and property as evidence of crime; protected by the 4th Amendment A grand jury decides if a person will be indict formally accused of committing a crime The standard of proof in a civil case in which a judge or jury must believe the preponderance of evidence plaintiff's story and evidence is stronger than the defendant's version decision made by the jury: guilty or not Verdict guilty the first stage in the legal process investigation which is done by the government to find suspect(s) in the crime money given to the court to ensure the bail accused will appear for the trial appeal to try to go a higher court if you don't like the decision of the lower court case a disagreement that goes to court unanimous an agreement by allwho vote general idea is right to privacy; requires 4th amendment a warrant to search things or self hung jury a jury that cannot agree on a verdict government's right to take property if it eminent domain is for public good document that says when the accused writ of habeas corpus will appear in court sets up a framework for government, Constitution #1 law in the land, gives us certain rights opinion court's explanation of why they ruled as they did says that federal law is superior to Supremacy Clause state law ! Crim C10 FINAL EXAM REVIEW American Legal System  Federalism o Parts of Federal and State governments o Supremacy and preemption o State powers – what are their limits? Sources of law  Constitutions  Legislation  Administrative law o Federal and state agencies o Functions  Rule making  Rule enforcement  Adjudication  Court rulings o What is the role of courts?  Adjudication  law­making o What are the different types of case law?  Judicial review of constitutionality  Interpretation  Common Law Legal institutions and procedure  Adversarial vs. Inquisitorial systems  Civil procedure o Jurisdiction o Venue o Pleading  o Discovery o Summary judgment o Trial o Defendant o Plaintiff  Criminal Procedure (know the order these appear) o Prosecutor o Defendant o Plea Bargain o Grand Jury o Indictment o Preliminary hearing o Arraignment o Bail o Trial o Sentencing o Appeal Law and Social Change  How does the law change? o Legal mechanisms:  Why does the law change? o Factors affecting the law/interaction with society: Racial equality and the law  Why did the law’s treatment of race change? o Durkheim o Marx  o Weber  What is the history of slavery and the constitution? o Framers o Slave vs. free territories o Citizenship under the constitution o Black codes o Civil rights o Discrimination o Constitutional amendments – 13 , 14 , 15 th o Jim Crow  Equal Protection o Segregation – de facto and de jure o desegregation o Separate but equal doctrine o Sequence of law­making by the courts o Protected groups o Strict scrutiny o Rational basis test o Compelling government interest o Difference in discrimination by government vs. by businesses and  individuals  Cases on race and the law o Dred Scott v. Sandford o Plessy v. Ferguson o Brown v. Board o Katzenbach v. McClung o Loving v. Virginia o Grutter v. Bollinger o Johnson v. CDCR o Bakke v. Regents of UC o Fisher v. U. Texas o CA Prop 209 o Parents Involved v. Seattle o Civil Rights Act of 1964  Use of the Commerce Clause o Unruh Act Gender equality and the law  Doctrine of Coverture  Voting discrimination o Minothv. Happersett o 19  Amendment  Employment discrimination o Bradwell v. Illinois  Use of the Equal protection clause o Is sex like race and thus protected? o What standard should be used to decide?  Rational Basis o Reed v. Reed o Craig v. Boren o Orr v. Orr  Equal Rights Amendment  Difference in discrimination by government vs. by businesses and individuals  EEOC o Sexual Harassment o Types: quid pro quo vs. hostile work environment  Title IX  Equal Pay Act of 1963  Pregnancy Discrimination Act  Exceptions to gender equality, difference from race o BFOQ  Bradwell v. Illinois  United States v. Virginia Right to Privacy (Abortion, LGBT rights, etc.)  Development of right to privacy o Meyer v. Nebraska o Contraceptives  Griswold v. Connecticut  Protected rights; fundamental rights o Abortion  Roe v. Wade  Backlash and continued controversy o LGBT rights  History of discrimination  Sodomy statutes  Bowers v. Hardwick  Lawrence v. Texas  Marriage restrictions  Obergefell v. Hodges Morality and the law  Should law promote virtue? – philosophers’ viewpoints, harm principle,  majoritarian view  Morality vs. rights  Civil Rights Act/Unruh act and private discrimination  Standards of review for equal protection violations Civil Rights law and religious freedom  Free exercise  1  Amendment  Reynolds v. U.S. o Religious belief vs. conduct based on belief – which is protected? o Exceptions  Sherbert v. Verner  Wisconsin v. Yoder o Inclusions  U.S. v. Lee  Bob Jones University v. U.S.  Religious Freedom Restoration Act o IN SB 101 o NC SB2  Burwell v. Hobby Lobby o Companies as persons o Substantial burden o Compelling interest o Least restrictive means


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