Art History 6C Final Review 2016 Monahan
Art History 6C Final Review 2016 Monahan Art History 6C
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ana Wistos on Saturday June 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Art History 6C at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Professor Monahan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Modern-Contemporary Art in Art History at University of California Santa Barbara.
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Date Created: 06/04/16
Art History 6C Final Review Example Formal Elements Significance Post-Impressionism Still Life with Plaster -vivid colors and thick paint, you can see -it was symbolic and it used color as an Cupid, Paul Cezanne, the brush strokes emotion 1895 -distortion for expressive effect -moved away from impressionism Fauves Portrait of Madame -bold colors over realistic values of the -it was continuing to move away from Matisse, Henri picture very realistic paintings to bold, more Matisse, 1905 -clear brushstrokes abstract pieces Analytic Cubism Violin and Pitcher, -monochromatic color -radical and short, but highly influential Georges Braque, 1910 -geometric shapes -sparse idea of what object is Synthetic Cubism Guitar, Sheet Music, -collage, painting has things pasted on it -vital until the surrealist movement and Glass, Pablo Picasso, 1910 Zurich Dada Fountain, Marcel -readymade objects: taking an ordinary -interrupts rationality, unclear, and Duchamp, 1917 object and altering, signing, tilting, or nonsensical word titling made this piece art -rationality is what got them into WWI -everyday object seen in a different way -goes against all traditions -Cabaret Voltaire: Opened by Hugo Ball, leading Dada artist Berlin Dada Republican -took away from norms and traditional art -going against all norms of traditional art Automatons, George -incorporated collage: pasting fabrics, -questions role of artists in art Grosz, 1920 papers, and other 2-D materials onto paper Surrealism Battle of Fishes,Andre -we can see chaos and ideas of back and -got bored of anti art, but still wanted to Masson, 1926 forth unconsciousness reject logic and reason -went into the unconscious -outgrowth of Dada Abstract Onement, Barnett -spontaneous, automatic use of color and -images are anarchist, rebellious Expressionism Newman, 1948 space -emotional intensity -random use of color or paint -splatter PopArt/ Yard,Allan Kaprow, -Random and includes chance but still -lot of chance, but still leave a little work Neo-Dada 1961 leave a little bit of control with the artifor artists -mocked cold war climate -look beyond tradition PerformanceArt Cut Piece, Yoko Ono, -scripted or unscripted -interdisciplinary 1964 -can be random or spontaneous -disagreement with itself -involve movement or not -authentic experience for performer and -time, space, performer’s body, presence audience Automatism Automatic Drawing, -avoids consciousness and intention of -used by surrealists Andre Masson, 1924 producing art -was not completely unconscious, used -automatic drawing or writing some intervention -expresses the subconscious -acting upon societal evolution and -free of rational control started theAutomatism movement Definitions: 1. The Armory Show of 1913 took place in New York City and introducedAmerica to European avant-garde movements like cubism, futurism, and fauvism and it sparked more independent art fromAmerican artists. 2. Rrose Selavy is Marcel Duchamp dressed as a woman and can be read as “arroser la vie” or “to make a toast to life”. 3. 1st International Dada Fair took place in Berlin in 1920 and featured many Dada artists including Grosz, Heartfield, Hausmann, and Ernst. Even though this the exhibition was financially unsuccessful it inspired the Nazi’s show, Entartete Kunst their work as degenerate art, giving Dada even more publicity. 4. Cadavre Exquis or exquisite corpse is a method used by surrealists where words and images are on paper and it is concealed to give the next artist a chance to contribute something of their own interpretation. 5. Sigmund Freud wrote his essay The Interpretation of Dreams and he discussed free association and the uncanny, which is the repetition that’s not meant to happen. He talks about the unconscious and its use in art work and automatism. 6. Frottage is the technique of rubbing over an uneven surface or canvas. 7. Grattage is when paint is scraped from a canvas and this was utilized by surrealists including Max Ernst and Joan Miro. 8. Biomorphic forms are occurring patterns and shapes that resemble nature and other living things. 9. The Paranoiac-Critical Method is a surrealist technique that was invented by Salvador Dali that involved the artists invoking a paranoid state which ends up destroying the psychological concept of identity and makes subjectivity the primary aspect of the artwork. 10. Avant-garde is the work that is innovative and experimental in respect to art and culture. This movement is closely associated with modernism and Dadaism while promoting radical social reform. 11. Museum of ModernArt was opened in 1929 and collects modernist and contemporary art. It includes paintings, sculptures, photographs, and films. 12. Guernica is an oil painting by Pablo Picasso, made in 1937. It’s an anti-war painting and includes black, gray, and white and depicts people, animals, and buildings suffering because of all the violence and chaos. Supposedly based on the booming that took place in Guernica, Spain and brought attention to the Spanish Civil War. 13. Great GermanArt Exhibition was opened in 1937 and the art put in this exhibit promoted racial purity, militarism, and obedience. They also banned nontraditional art and labeled it as degenerate. 14. Action painting is a technique of abstract painting where paint is splashed and thrown at a canvas. It sacked abstract expressionism and was made famous by Jackson Pollock. 15. Color-field painting was popular between the 1940s and 1960s and includes unmodulated color covering most of a canvas. It was made popular by Barnett Newman and Mark Rothko. 16. Zips were created by the surrealist Barnett Newman and he characterized colors and divided them with thin vertical lines. These zips defined spatial structure. 17. Mass culture emerged with modernism and the concept says that art belongs to the masses and not only to the elite and it gives people new ways to thing about pop culture. 18. Clement Greenberg was an essayist that was visual critic with modern art and he promoted abstract expressionism while being one of the first to praise Jackson Pollock’s work. 19. Harold Rosenberg was a writer, educator, and art critic. He cam dup with action painting or later known as abstract expressionism and is known best for his critiques of art. 20. Encaustic is a wax based paint with beeswax and pigment. It’s kept hot and applied to surfaces and has to be reheated to blend colors. 21. Acombine painting is a combination of painting and sculpture that incorporates different objects. Items like photos, fabric, newspaper clippings, and 3-D objects are attached to paintings. Robert Rauschenberg called his pieces combine paintings. 22. Benday Dots are a printing process created by Benjamin Henry Day Jr. The dots can create an optical illusion and depending on what effect the artist wants to create dots can be spread out, close together, or overlapping. Benday dots are always of equal size and distribution in specific areas. 23. Feminism was very important in art because many artists that were prized though out history were men. Feminist artwork worked to incorporate discussion between art and the audience while including a woman’s perspective. Feminist art incorporated alternative media like performances and film. 24. Institutional critique is a form of commentary on institutions and conventions of art and it closely associated with the art its MichaelAsher and Marcel Broodthaers. 25. AHappening is a performance that is considered art and they can happen anywhere and are usually multi-disciplinary. They usually involve participation from the audience and always leave room for improvisation.
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