Popular in Foundations of Humanities
Popular in Humanities
verified elite notetaker
This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Donahoo on Tuesday June 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FDHUM110 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Christopher Williams in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Humanities in Humanities at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
Reviews for Test 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 06/14/16
Test 2 Study Guide Photography: Composition- using elements and organization; 4 types Portraits- Using organization; pyramidal- vertical 1. Wide angle 2. Stand back and zoom 3. Portrait-blur the background>turn your f-stop down 4. Rule of thirds Know what f-stop is and when to use a telephoto lens and when to use a wide angle lens. Recap- Feelings I get from this music: Happy, joyful, beautiful, brighter hope, heavenly Powerful, in your face, whoa, in a rush Music can evoke emotions like nothing else. Timber (pronounced “tamber”) The characteristic quality of sound produced by an instrument or voice Quality of sound influenced by: o Instrument’s materials o Size and shape of instrument o Way in which instrument is used Tempo: speed at which a piece of music is played What determines “fast” and “slow”? “Normal” speed: 8090 which is a normal heartbeat o Ritardando means to go slower o Accelerando means go faster Dynamics: sound intensity of music (its loudness or softness) Harmony: sounding of two or more notes/voices together Monophony “one sound;” single melodic line sung solo/unison Polyphony: “manyvoiced;” two or more melodic lines voices simultaneously Homophony: “same sound;” single melodic line supported by chords or harmony *What type of harmony are most modern pops songs in? Homophony! The hymns are all homophony. The sopranos “carry” the song. Rhythm: BEAT! Silence: Silence can, at times, produce greater feelings than sound! Forms Types of musical pieces: Canon Toccata and Fugue Concerto Sonata Symphony How you organize a piece: ABBinary ABATernary Sonata Form Theme and Variation Rondo Classical Music (17501830) o Focus on form with balance and symmetry A B A format AFirst section: introduce musical themes BContrasting section: what can I do with the themes? ARepetition of First Section: repeat those themes Oratorio is kind of like an Opera. An opera or symphony or mass are considered compositions. Beethoven wrote 600 compositions. Symphony Sonata FormFour movements FirstFast (allegro) Second Slow (adagio, andante, or similar tempo) Third Moderately Fast (allegretto or menuetto) FourthFast (allegro) First Movement of a piece: (Sonata Form) *1.Exposition is where you “expose” the subject o First theme o Bridge o Second Theme o Closing Section o Exposition is repeated *2.Development is like the “climax”Playing around with the themes and makes it more interesting *3.Recapitulation is where you repeat the exposition o First theme o Bridge o Second Theme o Closing Section Coda finishes off the piece Types of Music-Baroque 1600-1750 Vocal Music: Oratorio- Choral work, some vocal pieces, some instruments, religious o “Handles Messiah” Polyphonic Concerto- Extended composition for an instrumental soloist and orchestra; reaches peak during the classical period; three movements in the piece o “The Four Seasons” by: Vivaldi; Program music Absolute music: Music written or composed that is created to just be beautiful to hear Program Music: Music that is something that is inspired by something “non-musical”; Mainly dealing with instrumental, classical music and their inspiration Baroque and Neoclassicism Neoclassicism brings more order and is often confused with Renaissance o Put forth a moral ideal or lesson o Figures are almost like they are painted stone o Ordered, classical, calm Classical Music: ABA Format (umbrella format) -Sonata falls underneath it 3 Great composers: 1.Mozart 2.Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) 3.Franz Josef Hayden Born in Rohurau ,Austria 12 famous London symphonies “Father of the symphony” Symphony #94 (surprise symphony) 2ndMovement o “makes the ladies scream” Haydn Symphony No.94-2 ndmovement Theme First variation (of the theme) Second variation (of the theme) Third Variation (of the theme) Coda Rondo Form: A-B-A-C-A A-B-A-C-A-B-A A-B-A-C-A-D-A Coda o Beethoven Piano Sonata #8 First section Second Section First Section Third Section First Section Second Section First Section th 20 Century Music: Three forms- 1. AAA; no chorus> focuses on the voice and the lyrics>need a “catch” or “hook” 2. AABA; America Popular song form>allows more variation and interest>makes the listener focus on that “B” and think about what it is and what it is doing (The Beetles) 3. AB; Verse/Chorus Song form>Today’s Songs God of theater: Greek- Dionysus -> festivals that started around 700 B.C; from these festivals came the formation of chorus In 534 B.C. you step away from the chorus and have Thespis-> actor Aeschylus was also born that same year o 3 Sophocles o Europhiles o Aristophanes Tragedy: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Europhiles> harmatia> hubris Comedy: Aristophanes Satyr (funny, “ha ha”) Purpose of Greek theater: 1.Enlightenment* 2. Education* 3. Entertainment All violence is off stage with the Greeks so you can focus on all that matters All violence is on stage with the Romans o Roman theater is more entertaining Aristotle-writes poetics o Hthwrites poetics to explain good theater and bad theater and the difference o 4 century Order of importance: 1.Plot 2.Charector 3.Thought 4. Diction 5. Song 6. Spectacle th The high point of theater is 5 century Athens Plot: Simple plot- Beg. Middle. End Everything has to be self-contained between the middle and the end. Little events in between (episodes) Each incident or event leads to the next one and reflects the last one Each episode is important and you can’t take it out Complex plot- Has the “simple plot” as it’s basis and then adds: o Recognition o Reversal The best plots have both recognition and reversal and are best when they work together o The reversal has to make sense; you can’t just throw it in there An example of recognition is Star Wars. Macbeth “episodes” in Act 1: 1. Witches 2. King Duncan- Macbeth 3. Witches prophecy 4. Malcom named heir 5. Lady Macbeth receives the letter 6. Duncan is coming 7. Macbeth is apprehensive 8. Lady Macbeth’s push Character: Movies with good characters- Pirates of the Caribbean, Lord of the Rings, Forrest Gump, Bourne A plot driven movie we are supposed to get something out of it> teach us through the actions of the character A character driven movies purpose is for us to actually relate to the character and see the universe in their eyes If you don’t like a character, you can’t connect with them. Thought is theme. It’s a “general maximum enunciated” Diction is dialogue. Something profound and deep is harder to understand than something that is “shallow”. We stay in the “shallow” end for so long because it’s so much easier and doesn’t take as much effort. (in English language) Macbeth: At the beginning he is a very moral, strong, loyal man o We don’t sense ambition in him until later, when we hear the prophecy Overall he is a good guy. Quotes: “Fair is fal and fal is fair.” (know the meaning of this quote) Act 1 Scene 3 lines: 121-125 (memorize) These lines are a Warning! Prophecies: 1. Glamis True 2. Cawdor True 3. King True/False Act 1 Scene 5 Lines 14-19 Page 19 line 16,25,32,46 Witches (in Macbeth) - dark magic, can be prophetic, prophecy things in the future that are evil The Word on the Street Conservative Christian approach to the bible text: Beauty Accuracy Dignity (The Word on the Street doesn’t have that) Sleep, Man and deeds keep popping up o Macbeth is written in 1604 o 1600-Queen Elizabeth-> King James Pico Della Mirandola’s -Oration on the Dignity of Man - “Manifesto of the Renaissance” What a piece of work is Man? Their potential Did we live up to our potential? -Macbeth in the beginning: noble, honorable warrior Witches- Prophecy -Thoughtful man with a conscience Lady Macbeth changes this o “Are you really a man?” -Apprehensive Murderer Continue or go back Becomes committed o Kills Banquo o What’s next? -> witches o Kills Macduff’s family Act 4, Scene 3 line 223-224 Catharsis: how you are supposed to feel at the end; “scaring the crap out of you” The results of the cruel tyranny of killing lady Macbeth and her son is that cursing is not loud and deep. -Un-repented in death Poetry vs Pros Pros is just normal speaking; no rhyme to it o How to show someone’s crazy> you put them out of poetry and into pros *Recognition and reversal from Lady Macbeth: her actions can’t be justified ad murder is a serious thing, she can’t take the guilt anymore *Recognition for Macbeth: From his wife’s perspective that he is no longer a man. His reversal is his downfall that he is no longer the king Know these two quotes: But 'tis strange: And oftentimes, to win us to our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truths, Win us with honest trifles, to betray's In deepest consequence. Banquo, Act I, Scene III, lines 122-126 Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow Creeps in this petty pace from day to day To the last syllable of recorded time; And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, And then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing. Macbeth, Act V, Scene V, lines 19-28
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'