PNUR 1438-010 Day 4 Study Guide
PNUR 1438-010 Day 4 Study Guide PNUR 1438-010
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Takira Boyd on Wednesday June 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PNUR 1438-010 at Kankakee Community College taught by Jackie Billings in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see in Nursing and Health Sciences at Kankakee Community College.
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Date Created: 06/15/16
Day 4 Study Guide 1. Rules of body mechanics? Good posture/balance Use your strongest/largest muscles 2. Why is it important to use good body mechanics? To prevent MDS Be efficient/safe 3. Define body alignment? Body Alignment the way the head, trunk, arms, and legs are in good alignment 4. What does good positioning promote? Breathing Circulation Comfort/wellbeing Prevent pressure ulcers (bed sores) 5. Define Fowler’s position? Fowler’s Position a semisitting position, head is 4560 degrees, and knees are bent a bit. 6. Define Supine position? Supine Position on the back 7. Define Prone position? Prone Position on the stomach 8. Define Lateral position? Lateral Position side lying position 9. Define Sim’s Position? Sim’s Position semiprone position but only on the left side 10. Guidelines when a person is sitting in a chair? Use pillows Make sure they are sitting in the back of the chair 11. Define transfer? Transfer Point A to B (moving) 12. Rules for handling, moving, and transferring a person? Depends on the dependence level What procedures and techniques are needed? 13. Define friction and shearing? How are they different? Frictionrubbing one surface against another. Shearing skin goes in opposite direction of muscles (Skin sticks and muscles move) 14. How to prevent friction and shearing? Roll patients Be cautious when using gloves 15. What is segment moving? Upper, middle, and lower body movement 16. When/why do we use assistive devices to move a person? Easier and safer for the person and the patient 17. Examples of assistive devices for moving residents? Mechanical life Gait Belt 18. What part should be moved first for three segment moving? Head and shoulders 19. How can the CNA promote safety and comfort when turning a person? Safety Follow body mechanics Have help with moving a person Move the patient carefully Make sure they are in good alignment Make sure nothing (a pillow) is covering the face Comfort Always say what you are going to do before you do it Follow privacy rules (curtain, covering with a blanket, etc.) Good alignment Use pillows at the headboard so that the person does not bump their head Use pillows and other positioning devices to assist in moving the patient 20. Define logrolling and why is it important? Logrolling keeping the spine straight 21. Define dangling? Dangling sit on the side of the bed to reduce dizziness 22. What can be done if a person feels dizzy getting out of bed? Lay them back down/ Try it again 23. What is the correct way to get a person out of bed with a weak side? On the strong side 24. If a resident can’t assist with transferring, what can be used to transfer them? Assistive Equipment 25. How can the CNA promote safety during all transfers? To follow the care plan Use good body mechanics Ask someone to assist Use assistive devices 26. How can the CNA promote comfort for a resident? Asking Follow the care plan 27. Why are side rails considered dangerous? Can get caught inside 28. Rules for call light? Make sure it is with them and in reach (on good side) Remind them to use it 29. Items that are included in a resident’s room? Furniture Personal Items Bed Bedside Table Chair Privacy Curtain 30. Name the different types of beds and when they are used? Electric Beds On a side panel (foot board, bed rail) Handheld devices Patients and residents are taught how to use it Manual Beds Cranked up to waist length Left Crank raises/lowers the head of the bed Right Crank adjusts the knee position Center Crank raises and lowers the entire bed horizontally 31. Rules for handling linens? Your uniform is considered dirty (Hold them away from you) Never shake linens Put clean lines on a clean surface 32. Bed making sequence? http://web01.kcc.edu.proxy01.kcc.edu/NursingAssistantVideoSkills/modules/C/sk ill/C005.html
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