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PNUR 1438-010 Day 7 Study Guide

by: Takira Boyd

PNUR 1438-010 Day 7 Study Guide PNUR 1438-010

Takira Boyd

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Day 7 Study Guide
Jackie Billings
Study Guide
study, guide, Studyguide, Nursing, CNA
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Takira Boyd on Saturday June 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PNUR 1438-010 at Kankakee Community College taught by Jackie Billings in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see in Nursing and Health Sciences at Kankakee Community College.


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Date Created: 06/18/16
Day 7 Study Guide 1. List the structures of the urinary system?  Kidneys  Uterus  Bladder  Urethra 2. Name 3 terms that mean to empty the bladder?  Urinate  Void  Micturition 3. What system removes waste from the body”  The Urinary System 4. Define UTI?  UTI­ Urinary Tract Infection  Can start in one area and can progress  Common healthcare­associated infection 5. Define Incontinence? Incontinence­ inability to control fecal/urine passage 6. Define Nocturia? Nocturia­ frequent urination at night 7. Define Oliguria? Oliguria­ Scant mount of urine (500 ML in 24 hours) 8. Define Polyuria? Polyuria­ abnormally large amounts of urine  9. Define Hematuria? Hematuria­ blood in the urine 10. Define Dysuria? Dysuria­ pain/difficultness when urinating 11. Define Peristalsis? Peristalsis­ contraction and relaxation of intestinal elimination 12. How much is normal urinary output?  1500 ML/3 pints a day 13. What things can be done when assisting with urination?  Urinanalysis  Making sure the person is clean and comfortable  Making note of any uncommon bruises/marks on the skin  Taking note of any verbal notes that the patient says to you  Peri­care 14. What does the nursing assistant need to document about urine output?  Observe urine for color, clarity, odor, amount, particles, and blood. 15. What is the difference between bedpans/urinals and their uses? Bedpans Uses  Persons who cannot be out of bed  Women for voiding/bowel movements  Men for bowel movements Urinals Uses  For men to void 16. What are the complications of incontinence?  Skin problems (Rashes, Infections, Bed sores)  Urinary tract infections  Personal life is affected.  Does not fix the problem but assists in keeping the person dry 17. What is the procedure for foley catheter care?  Make sure medical asepsis is done before and after  Make sure to do peri­care  Keep the drainage bag lower than the bladder to prevent a UTI 18. What are the reasons a foley would be used?  Before, during, and after surgery  People who are too weak/disabled to use the other elimination methods (Bed  pans, comodes, etc.)  To collect sterile urine specimens  Measuring residual urine 19. What is the goal of Bladder/Bowel Training?  Control of urination is the goal. 20. What is Urostomy (ileal conduit)?  A surgically created opening between a ureter and the abdomen. 21. Define colostomy? Colostomy­ a surgically created opening between the colon and abdominal wall 22. Normal bowel movement characteristics?  Brown  Soft, formed, moist, and shaped like the rectum  Normal order caused by bacterial actions in the intestines 23. Nerve that is stimulated by manual fecal impaction and what does it cause the  heart rate to do?  The Vagus Nerve is stimulated and causes the heart rate to drop. 24. The procedure when administrating an enema?  A doctor orders the enema  Do handwashing  Turn the patient on the side making sure the person is comfortable  Keep bag on the rack above the patient and place the enema inside  If the patient complains of pain/discomfort pause and restart (If it is  unbearable stop and report to the nurse) 25. Different types of enemas?  Tap­water enema (from faucet)  Saline enema (salt/water)  Soapsuds enema (castile soap/water)  Small­volume enema (commercially prepared)  Oil­retention enema (Mineral, olive oil, or cottonseed oil) 26. Risks of a colostomy?  A blockage of the colostomy  Infection  Internal bleeding  A wound breaking open   Hernias  Damage to other organs 27. The device that collects fecus/flatus_?  Faecal Collectus 28. What affects the consistency of colostomies?  The type of colostomy, diet, fluids, habits, drugs, and etc. 29. How often is a colostomy emptied?  1/3 full. The pouch is changed every 3­7 days. 30. How to collect Midstream Urine (clean­catch)  Let the person urinate a bit and have them stop if possible. (If not just  continue with catching the specimen) If they have a bowel movement try to  separate it with a stool container.  Do not touch the lid or the inside of the cup (If so get a new cup) 31. How to collect Routine Urine?  On a specific schedule. 32. How to collect 24 Hour Urine?  Keep on ice  Have a start/end time  If you miss a sample start over = 1  entry 33. How do you strain urine?  Separate bowel movement from urine by using a pan to collect the stool in the back. Usually used for testing. 34. General rules when collecting a stool specimen?  Separate bowel movement from urine by using a pan to collect the stool in the back. Usually used for testing.  Need about 2 tablespoons from the center of the collection 35. Define defecation? Defecation­ fecus from the rectum through the anus 36. Define diarrhea? Diarrhea­ frequent passage of liquid stool 37. Define constipation? Constipation­ passage of a hard, dry stool 38. Define flatus? Flatus­ gas/air passed through the anus 39. Define flatulence? Flatulence­ excessive amount of gas/air in the small intestines and the stomach 40. What is blood glucose testing for?  It is used for persons with diabetes.


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