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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaitlyn Heerlein on Tuesday June 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 1103 at University of Georgia taught by Barkan in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Cultural Geography of the United States in Georgraphy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 06/21/16
Katie Heerlein GEOG 1103 Joshua Barkan 28 October 2014 Exam 2 – The South Cultural Geography is greatly presented by the ways that meanings and societal ideas are constructed. This is demonstrated by the relations of meaning, space, and power. Meaning is the purpose of acts by society, related to space, which is the landscape or actual place being analyzed, and power is the social standing and construct of people in the land scape. Analyzing all of these things (meaning, space, and power) leads us to better understand the relations and development, and changes in society. A great example of how we can understand society in a landscape better is the analyzation of the southern United States, by looking at meaning, space, and power. The southern United States has experienced much growth and change over time. I am focusing more on what Hoelscher addresses as “The White Pillared Past”, or the “Old South”. The traditional picture of the “Old South” is portrayed as a beautiful plantation style landscape. In class we examined the “Boone Hall Plantation”, a place where people pay to hold events. It is a beautiful plantation style home, presumably what people conceive as a Heerlein 1 depiction of the white-pillared old south. In class we discussed how the plantation hall was a beautiful, but untrue representation of the south. The south was always home to the same people, but there was once a great divide between them. This is evident through many of the sources we’ve viewed in class. The Boone Hall Plantation website had an additional page specifically dedicated to the slaves and sharecroppers of the large Carolina plantation. The film also depicted the large divide between people who considered themselves “Mississippians”. The white people saw the delta as their own, the African americans also considered the delta their own. Race is a very strong social construction in the South. In the past, it was very much structural, but today it’s become unacceptable to be structural. The segregation in the South’s past is an excellent example of how race used to be acceptable as social construction and structural in southern culture. Race developed separate communities within communities, colored and white separation. Separate schools, bathrooms, buses, and restaurants. This was common culture until things changed. Race helped to develop the South in ways that still affect people today. The French and African settlers helped to develop what is known as the “southern accent” today. The music of the south and the food of the south are also affects of the African culture during the development of the South as we know it today. These things are very Heerlein 2 distinct from other places in the United States. The plantations and agricultural development of the South is still relevant to today’s Southern society. The agricultural development of the South also leads me to my conclusion that the south is successful in the Capitalist World System. The constant need for agricultural based products, from food, to textiles, to timber, makes the South economically valuable to the Capitalist World System. Meaning in the old south can be understood as the hierarchal type structure of the white plantation owners, and the African slaves. The slave trade created at whole new level of society in the south. The power in the south is the distribution of power in the hierarchal system created by slave trade. Both of these are defined differently in today’s society, but todays meaning and power in the south is partially a result of the traditionally assumed meaning and power associated with the south, but cannot be entirely defined as the traditional assumption. Overall, I believe that through Hoelscher’s conceptual idea of the white-pillared past of the south, we can see the former importance of race when it comes to the development of social construction. Race changed communities in the South, and also contributed to what we commonly think of as Southern culture today in America. The agricultural roots of the south, developed alongside the racial structure of plantation homes helped to create the strong economic and cultural Heerlein 3 pull in the Capitalist World System. Meaning, space, and power help us to accurately examine social construct of an area without going to the traditional assumptions to look for an answer. Griffiths, Tom G.. and Arnove, Robert. "World culture in the capitalist world-system in transition" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 56th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, <Not Available>. 2014-09-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p553308_index.html> "The American South." The American South. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. "BOONE HALL PLANTATION: Home." BOONE HALL PLANTATION: Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. Heerlein 4
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