U.S History study guide
U.S History study guide HIST 2112 - US History Since Reconstruction of 1878
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Torie Pierce on Wednesday June 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 2112 - US History Since Reconstruction of 1878 at Clayton State University taught by Dr. Jelani Favors in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.
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Date Created: 06/22/16
U.S History since Reconstruction Study Guide (All Multiple Choice 25 questions) 1. “Splendid little war”- 1895-Cuban rebels attempt to overthrow Spanish Rule a. Feb 1898-explosion aboard the U.S.S Maine b. America won the war against Cuba th 2. 13 - Ends slavery (Not the emancipation proclamation) 3. 14 - defined citizenship 4. 15 - Gave African American men the right to vote 5. A Red Record-: a. sparked international controversy over lynching in America 6. Berlin Conference- Europeans get together in Berlin and decide which countries will take what countries in Africa) 7. Black Codes a. *forerunner for Jim crow laws b. Greatest concern for whites was controlling blacks c. restricted social mobility d. established vagrancy laws-hobos, people who hang around, couldn’t or they would be fined or arrested e. Prohibited Interracial Marriages f. Miscegenation Laws (whites and blacks couldn’t engage in sexual relationships) g. Black codes varies and were different from state to state 8. Buffalo a. In 1869, General William T. Sherman made it military policy to slaughter the buffalo b. Industry’s impact on the Buffalo i. Leather Production ii. Near Destruction of the species 9. Chinese Exclusion Act a. prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers. 10.Compromise of 1877 a. formally ended radical reconstruction b. Republicans promise i. Remove military from South, ii. , south obtained federal subsidies for internal improvements (transcontinental railroad) iii. -southerners promise to commit themselves to civil rights 11.Coxey’s Army a. The Depression of 1893 i. A depression in Europe reduced american exports b. . Inspired by Jacob Coxey, an Ohio businessman c. Led a march to Washington to protest working conditions d. Coxey arrested and march disbanded 12.De facto-segregation by tradition or by fact 13.De jure-segregation by laws 14.Depression of 1873-the end of reconstruction and white supremacy 15.Depression of 1893-attacthed to the over expansion of the railroad. Signified the mass corruption of the railroads 16.Farmers Alliance a. Alliance members looked to expand their political power by calling for a third-party system b. The Alliance called for: i. Reform of railroads ii. Banking reform 17.Freedman’s Bureau a. Established in march 1865 under department of war to bring stability i. Charged with stabilizing 3 sectors of southern life 1. Assistance for white suffrage: 2. Clothes, water, shelter 3. Assistance for former slaves 4. **Redistribution of land b. “Goals” and accomplishments of Bureau i. Law enforcement(people were angry about losing the war and that slavery was gone/’ white supremacy) 1. –Nadir: the lowest point ii. Distribution of Resources iii. ***Establishment of schools 1. Had a lot of illiteracy 18.Hay Market Square Incident a. May 1, 1886: 80,000 protestors marched to advocate an 8 hour workday in Chicago b. A two-day clash between police and protestors resulted in death of six men c. A trial targeted leaders of the labor movement 19.Homestead Strike a. it was one of the most violent strikes in U.S. history. It was against the Homestead Steel Works, which was part of the Carnegie Steel Company, in Pennsylvania in retaliation against wage cuts. The riot was ultimately put down by Pinkerton Police and the state militia, and the violence further damaged the image of unions. 20.Homestead Act a. Payed people to go out west b. 1862-1872: Congress gave railroad companies 100 million acres of land and 64 million dollars in tax break c. Allow any adult citizen to claim 160 acres of public land for $10 d. (Majority of this land was owned by railroad companies) e. 1864-congresss authorized the importance of foreign workers (Cheap 21.Hull House-Made by jane Adams and was a settlement house for women immigrants 22.Ida B. Wells a. Publishes two major looks: southern horrors-lynch laws b. A Red record: goes through the south and identify the rise of lynching and document it 23.Jim Crow 24.Josiah Strong a. White man’s burden-As if it was their job to take over other areas unused resources (Believed the Anglo-Saxon was “divinely commissioned to be, in a peculiar sense, his brother’s keeper. 25.Knights of Labor a. The Knights of Labor was founded (Umbrella company: other companies came up under it) b. One of the first Labor organization to integrate their workforce (Blacks, Whites, Asians, etc) c. Achieved two major victories for better wages against railroad companies 26.Ku Klux Klan- 27. Minstrel show- 28.Mother Jones 29.Muckrakers a. Writers who “raked the grime or dirt of the nation” b. McClure’s c. Cosmopolitan 30.Nativism a. Discrimination against immigrants 31.NAWSA a. The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was formed in 1890 to help women get the right to vote. 32.Niagara Movement a. Group of civil rights activists come together in Niagara falls Canada and outline what they want to do against lynching and b. The National Association for the advancement of colored people- founded February 1909 (formally known as Niagara movement) c. The initial platform included: i. The abolition of segregation ii. Equal education iii. The enfranchisement of African Americans iv. The enforcement of the 14th and 15 amendments v. An end of lynching in America 33.Open Door Notes a. Negotiated with Great Britain who wants greater access to the markets. The first time, Britain said no then because of the boxer rebellion (which was an attempt to drive out Great Britain) which the U.S supported, allowed American trade and capitalism 34.Progressive movement-supported by immigrants wanting them to clean up the cities and end the corruption of the cities 35.Platt Amendment a. Restricted Cuba’s autonomy in diplomatic relations with other countries b. Required Cuba to lease naval bases to the United States (Guantanamo Bay) c. Authorized U.S. intervention to maintain order and preserve Cuban “independence” 36.Plessy vs. Ferguson a. Homer Plessy was Creo (African American) man that was kicked out of a street car and had to sit in a black street car and filed a lawsuit b. Court ruled that it was ok to have separation as long as they are equal c. “Separate but equal” ruled constitutional 37.Pullman Strike a. The Pullman Palace Car Co. fired a third of its employees, and cut wages of the rest by 25 to 40% b. Refused to reduce rent for its company housing c. Violence erupted after a boycott against Pullman cars (Pullman Strike) d. Many labor activists decided to take their fight to the election polls e. Leads to the Progressive Movement (Era) 38.Radical Republicans a. These were a small group of people in 1865 that supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after. b. Jefferson, Lincoln 39.robber barons a. (the power of a few) took at advantage of workers who worked beneath them b. identified extremely wealthy people who exploited the labor c. The Robbers: i. Cornelius Vanderbilt ii. Jay Gould iii. Jim Fisk iv. Collis P. Huntington d. 40.Roosevelt Corollary- Gave U.S supreme authority in Latin America 41.Sand Creek Massacre a. Nov. 1858: Colorado Gold Rush b. Land Encroachment c. 150=200 killed in massacre 42.Sherman Anti-Trust Act- Was the official looking law to stop monopolies 43.Social Darwinism-(Applying Darwin’s survival of the fittest theory into society) 44.spoils system 45.Teller Amendment- we have no interest in colonization, we’ve come to assist Cubans an then leave) 46.Temperance- a. 18th Amendment (Prohibition) banned the sale of alcohol 1920-33 Temperance movement 47.The AFL a. The AFL refused to admit women blacks and did not support the unskilled worker b. Under Gompers and the AFL: c. Strikes became more numerous d. More disciplined and more successful 48.The Dawes Severalty Act a. Broke reservation land up into private owned plots b. Granted American citizenship to those who were willing to abnandon their way of life. (To be Americanbized or civilized. Deeming Natives as Savages) 49.The Gilded Age 50.The Great Upheaval a. 1877-workers on the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) railroad staged a strike to protest wage cuts b. Sparked Major violence throughout the country c. Most working class people did not want to overthrow capitalism 51.The Massie Affair a. Grace Fortesque was involved in his death Interrogated and threatened, tortured, and shot Joseph Kahahawai 52.The Omaha Platform a. Called for “free” (unrestricted) coinage of silver of silver ( b. Direct election of U.S senators (at this time they were still elected by state legislatures) c. Establishment of initiatives and referendums on local ballots (enabled voters to initiate and enact laws) Referendums raised local issues for local people to vote on them d. Immigration restriction 53.The Populist Movement-generated by farmers. Agrarian movement 54.The populist party- agrarian movement of farmers and people who were out west. Also the famers alliance 55.The Railroad a. Railroads gave fast, reliable, shipping b. Created a national market and nationalism c. encourage manufacturers to produce in large quantities due to supply and demand 56.The Social Gospel a. The S.G movement gave progressivism a powerful drive b. Message soon reached industrialists who began to reject laissez faire principles in favor of govt. action 57.The Talented Tenth a. Argues that Booker T. Washington is right with vocational training but 10% of African Americans should be reserved for liberal education. 58.Triangle Shirtwaist Fire a. The factory’s fire escapes were faulty and exits were either locked or blocked by factory foremen b. In less than an hour, 146 people died (mostly young women) c. Increased the demand for the reform in the workplace 59.Tuskegee Machine a. Assert his politics with accommodations (to cater to their needs of white Americans) promoting idea of black self-sufficiency and building their own communities 60.Woman Rebel a. that a woman’s body is her own. 61.yellow journalism-propaganda. Journalism used to kick up passion in certain areas. IDENTIFICATIONS – You will be expected to identify TWO of the following terms listed below. You must identify the terms by using your understanding of the lectures, videos, and primary source readings. Identifications should be historically accurate, detailed, and above all, convey the SIGNIFICANCE of the person, place, or event. Keep in mind that many key issues and events can be connected to one identification. American Imperialism The Progressive Movement The Populist Party
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