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Cell Division Notes

by: Jasmine Guo

Cell Division Notes Biol 2107K

Jasmine Guo

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About this Document

These notes cover material that is in the exam
Principles of Biology I
Dr. Oommen
Study Guide
Biology, celldivision, Studyguide
50 ?




Popular in Principles of Biology I

Popular in Biology

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jasmine Guo on Sunday June 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biol 2107K at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Oommen in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Principles of Biology I in Biology at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 06/26/16
Cell Division *2 Reasons for a cell to divide 1.Reproduction- Make more organisms 2.Make more cells- increase in cell number-growth -unicellular organism divide for reproduction -unicellular divide: reproduce -multicellular organism divide to make more cells and to reproduce -Prokaryote: reproduce -Eukaryotes: reproduce (grow) - make more of the cell *Reproduction: 2 Forms -Asexual: only one parent is involved to make progeny -Sexual: two parents involved to make progeny - Prokaryotes receive external cues and undergo binary fission. In prokaryotes, cell division is essentially asexual production Eukaryotes use meiosis and mitosis to…….. 1.Make more cells multicellular; unicellular plant growing from reproduction site to full growth -increase in cell number -replenish and repair 2. To produce offspring via asexual reproduction -to make more of the same organism -multicellular organism -Eukaryotes use meiosis to produce offspring via sexual reproduction -only special reproductive cells can undergo meiosis Major Differences Mitosis –nuclear division DNA 1.All eukaryotes can perform mitosis 2.Mitosis involves one round of nuclear division 3.2 daughter cells-both are identical to the original parent cell 4.Mitosis keeps the ploidy the same Meiosis- Nuclear division DNA 1.Not all eukaryotes can perform meiosis (sexually reproducing eukaryotes) 2.Meiosis, two rounds of nuclear division 3.4 daughter cells are produced; each is unique compared to original parent cell 4.Meiosis keeps the ploidy halves -Human beings are diploid organisms (2N) -N is the number of different types of chromosomes in the organism’s genome -Ploidy is the number of sets of these chromosomes -Eukaryotes can be haploid (1N) or diploid (2N) or triploid (3N) Chromosomes in genome =23 chromosomes 2N value=46 chromosomes


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