Exam 4 chapters 13-16
Exam 4 chapters 13-16 PSYC 1300
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aishwarya Juttu on Sunday July 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 1300 at University of Houston taught by Prof. J Zhang in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 07/03/16
Chapters 13-16 concepts - Megan is insecure that she might lose her only friend, Oscar, to the new girl in the class. Consequently, she develops a fear of rejection and becomes clingy and possessive about her friend, who ﬁnds Megan's behavior repulsive. Which of the following best explains Megan's condition? Dependent personality disorder - Which of the following statements is true about mindfulness-based cognitive therapy? It helps people with depression learn to recognize and restructure negative thought patterns. - As a child, Ethan was sexually and physically abused by his neighbor for almost three years. While growing up, a split began to develop in his memory and consciousness. Ethan is most likely to be diagnosed with dissociative disorder - Hallucinations are convincing sensory experiences that occur in the absence of an external stimulus. - Which of the following is true about situational attributions? Situational attributions are otherwise known as external attributions. - Nina feels needy and does not allow her boyfriend to move to another city. She makes him feel sorry for her by projecting herself as the "poor little me." Generally, she has a tendency to cling on to the people in her life. Karen Horney's theory suggests that Nina has a neurotic trend of moving toward others. - According to Sigmund Freud, which of the following psychological defense mechanisms applies to a situation where people deny and repress their own particular ideas, feelings, or impulses and direct them at others? Projection - Which of the following is the ﬁrst level of exposure in systematic desensitization? Imagined - Which of the following symptoms is true of generalized anxiety disorder? State of pervasive and excessive anxiety lasting at least six months - Under which of the following circumstances is electroconvulsive therapy used? To treat depression when other treatments have failed - Ron, a patient suffering from severe depression, is being treated with psychodynamic therapy. His therapist asks him to speak about his dreams in a vivid manner. During a therapy session, Ron starts to talk about his fears and expresses his intense, unconscious emotions. In the context of psychodynamic therapy, this process is called catharsis. - Malik does not get along with his female supervisor. His psychotherapist observes that Malik relates to his supervisor the way he does to his youngest sister, who died a couple of months ago. In the context of psychotherapy, Malik is experiencing transference. - Alan dislikes his elder brother, Sebastian, because he feels that his parents are partial toward him. He is always eager to pick a ﬁght with Sebastian but he tells his friends that Sebastian does not like him and is always looking for ways to get back at him. According to Freudian psychoanalytic theory, Alan's behavior best exempliﬁes projection. - Borderline personality disorder is characterized by: out-of-control emotions and fear of being abandoned by others. - Which of the following is NOT a dimension of the Big Five model of personality traits? Egotism - Which of the following is one of the consequences of perceiving others as different from oneself? One's actions are based on in-group or out-group distinctions. - Maria buys pink and green shoes because everyone in her school wears shoes of the same colors. Maria's behavior is an example of conformity. - Which of the following trait theory psychologists used the idea that language would be a good place to start looking for the number of personality traits that existed? Gordon Allport - Altruism refers to a selﬂess concern for and giving of aid to others. - Which of the following was a problem with the dopamine hypothesis? Only a minority of people found it effective in managing their symptoms. - -
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