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Review of bones

by: Janaki Padmakumar

Review of bones ANT3520

Marketplace > University of Florida > ANT3520 > Review of bones
Janaki Padmakumar

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About this Document

These notes cover the different bones in the body, their locations and their components. I've also added some visuals to make them easier to see with respect to the other body parts.
Skeleton Keys: Introduction to Forensic Anthropology
Amanda Friend
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bones, Anthropology
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Janaki Padmakumar on Monday July 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANT3520 at University of Florida taught by Amanda Friend in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.


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Date Created: 07/11/16
Skeletal system notes - There are a total of 203 bones in the human body - The skull: o Composed of the cranium and the mandible o Cranium:  8 cranial bones  One frontal lobe  One occipital lobe  Two parietal lobes  Two temporal lobes  Sphenoid  Ethmoid  14 facial bones  Two zygomatic bones  Two inferior nasal concha  Two nasal bone  Two lacrimal bones  Two maxillae  vomer  Two Palatine bones  Mandible o Axial bones- bones that cover the organs and are found on the torso/center of the body  Rib cage- composed of 12 pairs of ribs and the sternum- 25 separate bones  Ribs have one flat end and one rounded end  Upper 7 ribs attach to the sternum  Ribs 8 and 9 are joined to the sternum by cartilage  10-12 are “free”, i.e. they don’t attach to other ribs and aren’t attached to the sternum  Skull- facial and cranial bones (listed above)  Vertebra- provide support for bipedalism, protect the spinal cord  Average of 33 spinal vertebrae in humans (variation of 32- 34)  7 cervical vertebrae  12 thoracic  5 lumbar  4-5 sacral (makes up the junction between the vertebral column and pelvic bones)  3-4 coccygeal  Appendicular bones- used for movement and motor functions o Six primary regions:  Pectoral girdle- formed from the left and right clavicle, and scapula  Arms and forearms – radius, ulna and humerus (left and right side)  Hands- carpals (16), metacarpals (10), proximal phalanges (10), intermediate phalanges (10) and distal phalanges (10) *total number from both hands  Pelvis- left and right hip bone composed of the ilium, ischium and pubis  Thighs and legs- femur, patella, tibia, fibula on left and right side  Feet and ankles- tarsals (14), metatarsals (10), proximal phalanges (10), intermediate phalanges (10), distal phalanges (10) o


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