Reading Quiz 1
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Date Created: 07/11/16
Reading Quiz #1 Philosopy of Science a.) The three aspects of science that Kuhn thinks will be revealed by the new way of approaching the history of science that he advocates are that he departed from evolutionary views, his notion of the scientific process, and finally he argues against scientific realism. Kuhn advocates that he departed from evolutionary views. Kuhn believes that evolutionary science fills a gap of ignorance with new knowledge as opposed. In contrast, Kuhn’s new knowledge and beliefs does not fill a gap of ignorance, but replaces incompatible knowledge. Kuhn advocates his notion of the scientific process. Research takes place within a model or sample because the world is too big explore randomly in it’s entirety. Kuhn believes that within a sample or model, a scientist is aware of what facts are relevant and what facts can help build on past research. He feels that those who veer away from the path of the main model are not scientists. Most scientists feel that those people are just chasing superstitions. Kuhn advocates that he argues against scientific realism. Scientists have no reason to believe that the accuracy of explanation of a new model is closer to corresponding to what is actually there. Kuhn saws that the reason why one model or sample survives and another on dies is because one solves the puzzle better than the other one. b.) Hauksbee explains the fact that barometric light appears in an unrubbed globe when it is place close to another globe that has been electrified by rubbing by showing that the full vacuum was not important to the phenomenon that he learned from a Swiss mathematician Johann Bernoulli. The same glow was visible when mercury was shaken with air and even without the barometric tube, bulbs with lowpressure gases would make the same glow with the use of external static electricity. c.) Gilbert in a way first noticed electrical repulsion but Cabeo took Gilbert’s ideas and made better clarified them and essentially noticed and better exemplified the idea of electrical repulsion.
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