Reading Quiz 9
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Monday July 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHIL 09369 at Rowan University taught by Bruce Paternoster in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 07/11/16
Philosophy of Science Reading quiz 9 a. One of Whewell’s major criticisms of Lyell’s account of organic origins was that present proof, especially from animal and plant breeders, points away from, to an extent, than towards the development and growth of a new species. Whewell argued that a new species could now have been created naturally in the past. b. The difference between a special homology and a general homology in the sense of Owen is that Owen believed a special homology is the homology of a specific body part. For instance, Owen believed that the mammalian ear was a special homology. A general homology is a homology looking at the entire body and all systems in the body. c. Spencer proposed that Malthus’ conclusions about the struggle of existence would be avoided through Darwin’s Error of evolution by natural selection. In this case, Herbert Spencer believed in survival of the fittest. He thought that the way for the struggle of existence would be avoided would be because of the fact that the strongest animals would be able to live while the weaker ones died off. Those stronger animals would reproduce with other strong animals and their young would have the same strong instinct of survival and a species would be able to live on.
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