Reading Quiz 10
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Monday July 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHIL 09369 at Rowan University taught by Bruce Paternoster in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 07/11/16
Philosophy of Science Reading quiz 10 a. To describe Darwin’s theory of inheritance as a blending theory means that it was a widespread hypothetical model instead of a formed scientific theory. This means that the thoughts and ideas of this theory were determined randomly and ranged greatly. Darwin incorporated blending inheritance into his own account of inheritance. At one point, he has expressed his doubts about his theory and he struggled with the theoretical difficulty of clarifying individual variations that would mix into a population. b. The difference between saying that successive paradigms are incompatible, and saying they are incommensurable is that if they are incompatible the two theories will not work if both cannot be held to be correct. c. The three ways that a new paradigm might differ from the paradigm that it replaces is by Platonism versus realism, Linearity versus Nonlinearity, and reversible versus irreversible. In Platonism versus realism, Platonism is characterized as an unhealthy and religious belief that follows abstract mathematics. Realism views mathematics as offering only artificial approximations of nature, and shows one of many tools that help in modeling nature. In Linearity versus Nonlinearity, linear theories help in understanding nature while nonlinear theories create chaos and no set systematic theory. In reversible versus irreversible, the equations run equally forwards and backwards making them reversible. In irreversible, the equations only work one way and one is unable to work backwards from the equation.
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