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Day 8 Study Guide

by: Takira Boyd

Day 8 Study Guide

Marketplace > Kankakee Community College > > Day 8 Study Guide
Takira Boyd

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About this Document

This is a study guide for PNUR 1438-010
Study Guide
CNA, PNUR, study, guide, Nursing
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Takira Boyd on Thursday July 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Kankakee Community College taught by in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 07/14/16
Day 8 Study Guide 1. Structures of the urinary system?  Kidneys  Uterus  Bladder   urethra 2. 3 terms that mean to empty the bladder?  Urinate  Void  Micturition  3. What system removes waste from the body?  The Urinary System 4. Define UTI? UTI­ Urinary Tract Infection 5. Define incontinence? Incontinence­ inability to control fecal/ urine passage 6. Define nocturia? Nocturia­ frequent urination at night 7. Define oliguria? Oliguria­ scant amount of urine (500 ML in 24 hrs.) 8. Define polyuria? Polyuria­ abnormally large amounts of urine 9. Define hematuria? Hematuria­ blood in the urine 10. Define dysuria? Dysuria­ pain/ difficulty when urinating 11. Define persistalis? Persistalis­ contraction/ relaxation of intestinal elimination 12. Normal urinary output?  1500 ML/ 3 pints a day 13. What should be done when assisting with urination?  Urine analysis  Clean and comfortable  Not physical/ verbal notes  Peri­care 14. What does the CNA need to document about urine output?  Color  Clarity  Odor  Amount in ML  Particles  Blood  15. Difference between bedpans and urinals? Bedpans  Persons who cannot get out of bed  For women for BM/ urination  Men for bowel movements Urinals  For men 16. Complications of incontinence?  Skin problems  UTIs  Personal life is affected 17. Procedure for Foley catheter care?  Medical asepsis is done before/after  Do peri care  Keep drainage bag below the bladder = no UTI 18. Reasons that a Foley would be used?  Before, during, or after surgery  People who are too weak/ disabled to use other elimination methods (bedpans, urinals,  etc.)  To collect a sterile urine specimen  Measuring residual urine 19. Goal of bladder/ bowel training?  Control of urination 20. What is a urostomy (ileal conduit)?  A surgically created opening between the ureter and the abdomen 21. What is a colostomy?  A surgically created opening between the  col  and the abdominal wall 22. Characteristics of a normal BM?  Brown  Soft, formed, moist, and shaped like the rectum  Normal odor (due to bacterial actions in the intestines) 23. What nerve is stimulated by manual fecal impaction and what does it cause the heart rate  to do?  The Vagus nerve  Causes the heart rate to stop 24. Procedure when administrating an enema?  A doctor orders an enema  Do handwashing/gloves  Turn on the side and make sure they are comfortable  Keep bag on rack above the patient’s head and place the enema inside  If the patient complains of pain stop, pause, and restart. (If pain is unbearable stop/ report to the nurse)  Allow person to relax and proceed with a BM  Check person every 5­10 min. until they are finished  After they are done make sure the person performs hand hygiene.  Dispose of waste properly in the toilet 25. Different types of enemas?  Tap water Enema (from faucet)  Saline Enema (salt + water)  Soapsuds Enema (Castile soap + water)  Small­ volume Enema (commercially prepared)  Oil­retention Enema (mineral, olive, or cottonseed oil) 26. Risks of a colostomy?  Blockage   Infection  Internal bleeding  A wound breaking open  Hernia  Damage to other organs 27. What is the device that collects fecus and flatus?  Faecal Collectus 28. What affects the consistency of colostomies?  Type of colostomy  Diet  Fluids  Habits  Drugs  29. When should a bag be emptied and when is the pouch changed?  1/3 full   The pouch is changed every 3­7 days 30. How to collect a midstream urine (clean­catch), routine urine, and 24­hour urine? Midstream Urine  Let the person urine a bit and have them stop (If that is not possible just continue with  catching the specimen)  Don’t touch the inside of the lid/container Routine Urine  On a specific schedule  24 Hour Urine  Keep on ice  Have start/end time  If you miss a sample start over (Your first (new) entry is when you messed up) 31. How do you strain urine?  Separate BM from urine by using a pan to collect the stool in the back  Usually used for testing  Need about 2 tablespoons from the center of the collection 32. How do you apply a condom cath.?  Perform peri­care  Apply cath. 1 inch from the base of the penis  Roll down the cath. And make sure it is snug  Apply tape around cath. But not the penis  Don’t secure the tape fully around 33. How do you collect a stool specimen?  Use a pan 34. General rules when collecting a stool specimen?  Use a pan  Keep urine and BM separate  About 2 tablespoons from the center of the collection 35. Define defecation? Defecation­ fecus from the rectum to the anus 36. Define diarrhea? Diarrhea­ frequent passage of liquid stool 37. Define constipation? Constipation­ passage of hard, dry stool 38. Define flatus? Flatus­ gas/air passed through the anus 39. Define flatulence? Flatulence­ excessive amount of gas in the small intestine  40. What is blood glucose testing for?  For persons with diabetes


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