Day 14 Study Guide
Day 14 Study Guide PNUR 1438-010
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Takira Boyd on Thursday July 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PNUR 1438-010 at Kankakee Community College taught by Jackie Billings in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see in Nursing and Health Sciences at Kankakee Community College.
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Date Created: 07/14/16
Day 14 Study Guide 1. Define affect? Affect (demeanor, mood) feelings/emotions 2. Define anxiety? Anxiety vague, uneasy feeling in response to stress 3. Define delusion? Delusion a false belief 4. Define hallucination? Hallucination seeing, hearing, smelling, feeling something that isn’t real 5. Define obsession? Obsession recurrent, unwanted thoughts, idea/image 6. Define panic? Panic highest level of anxiety 7. Define phobia? Phobia intense fear 8. Define compulsion? Compulsion repeating an act over and over again (ritual) 9. Define bipolar disorder? Bipolar Disorder severe extremes in mood, energy, and ability to function (emotional highs/lows) 10. Define depression? Depression involves the body, mood, and thoughts 11. Define schizophrenia? Schizophrenia split mind, severe chronic disabling brain disorder 12. What defines a person as being developmentally disabled? Before age 22 Physical/ mental or both impairment 13. What are the needs of someone who is developmentally disabled? Life Skills (limited in 3/more) Selfcare Mobility Understanding/expressing language Learning Mobility Selfdirection Life Long Housing Employment Education Health Care Protection of civil/human rights 14. What are the causes of DD (Developmentally Disabled)? Genetic Pregnancy Birth After birth 15. What is the goal of someone with DD? ASK INSTRUCTOR Random guess is maintaining quality of life 16. What is spine bifida? Spine Bifida a defect of the spinal cord (Spine is split in two parts 17. Characteristics of Autism? Problems with social skills Verbal/ Nonverbal comm. Problems Repetitive behaviors 18. What is hydrocephalus? Hydrocephalus cerebrospinal fluid collects in/ around the brain. The head enlarges while pressure increases. Can result in intellectual disabilities and neurological damage Vision problems, seizures, and learning disabilities may occur 19. How does sexuality change with older people? Reproductive organs change Some older persons don’t have intercourse Sexual partners may be lost through (death, divorce, relationship breakups, a partner needs to be in a hospital/ nursing facility) 20. What is Anorexia? Anorexia An intense fear of weight gain/ obesity 21. What is Bulimia? Bulimia person eats large amounts of food (binge eating) then purges (throws up, vomits, etc.) the food to prevent weight gain. 22. What should you do if a person talks about committing suicide? Take them seriously (If they say it or a method of how they will do it) Know the signs of suicide Monitor them (Do not leave them alone) Notify the nurse 23. Characteristics of Down Syndrome? Small head Eyes that slant upwards Flat face Short stature Poor muscle tone 24. What do you do if a person with Alzheimer’s Disease is undressing in the dining room? Try to put their clothes on and have the other person distract with eating (If alone try to put clothing on) If you are not able to= take them back to their room 25. What do you do if a resident becomes sexually aggressive? Tell them it is not okay. Be professional Avoid the situation. (If you are a woman bring a man inside when performing care) Tell the nurse 26. What are some attitudes about death? (Differences depend on culture/religion) Afterlife Body stays in the physical form Reincarnation 27. What do older people fear about death? Pain/suffering Dying alone Invasion of privacy Loneliness (separation from loved ones) 28. The Five Stages of Death? 1 Denial 2 Anger 3 Bargaining 4 Depression 5 Acceptance 29. Examples of each stage of dying? 1 Denial (“No not me…”) 2 Anger (“Why me?”) 3 Bargaining (“Yes me but…”) 4 Depression (“Yes me.” And is very sad) 5 Acceptance (The person is calm and at peace.) 30. How to care for the terminally ill? Provide comfort 31. Describe Hospice Care? Hospice Care focuses on physical, emotional, social, and spiritual needs (not concerned with cure/ life saving measures, dying but living) 32. Describe Palliative Care? Palliative Care focuses on relief of symptoms 33. Define Rigor Mortis? Rigor Mortis stiffness of skeletal muscles after death occurs. 34. Define Post Mortem Care? PostMortem Care care of the body after death 35. Define terminal illness? Terminal Illness the person will likely not recover 36. Define Advance Directives? Advance Directives states a person’s wishes about care when the person is not able to 37. Define DNR? DNR “Do Not Resuscitate”, “No Code”, the person is able to die with peace/ dignity. (has to be an order given by a physician) 38. Define durable power of attorney? Durable Power of Attorney gives the power (to an assigned person of the resident) to make health care decisions 39. Define living will? Living Will measures that support/ maintain life when death is likely
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