Language and Mind, Final Study Guide
Language and Mind, Final Study Guide LING 275
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Carole Boulware on Wednesday July 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to LING 275 at University of Southern California taught by Elsi Miia Kaiser, Rachel Walker in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Language and Mind in Linguistics at University of Southern California.
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Date Created: 07/20/16
Spring 2016 Practice questions for Final Exam The final exam is on Tuesday, May 10, 8:00-10:00 am, GFS 106 The exam will focus on material covered in lectures, labs, and assignments since the midterm exam, but will also make use of important concepts from before the midterm that are relevant to the material covered in the second half of the class. At the final exam you will be provided with an IPA consonant and vowel chart that is similar to that provided for the midterm. Use lecture overviews on Blackboard as a study guide, together with assigned readings, homeworks, and your own notes and handouts from lectures and labs. The following questions are designed to give you a sense of some of the kinds of questions that we will ask you in the exam. These are most likely not the actual questions that we will ask you. The actual test will have more questions and be more comprehensive. 1. The following are spectrograms of the vowels [u], [i], and [æ], but not necessarily in that order. The arrows point out the first three formants. Use the first and second formant heights to guide you in determining which spectrogram corresponds to which vowel. Fill in the appropriate IPA vowel symbol below each. 3000 2000 1000 Hz [ ] [ ] [ ] 2. True or false? For a complex repetitive wave that has a frequency of 660 Hz for its third harmonic, its second harmonic will have a frequency of 440 Hz. a. True b. False 3. True or false? In the production of a bilabial stop, if voicing starts before the lips open, then the Voice Onset Time (VOT) is zero. a. True b. False 1 4. Which of the following statements are true about Chulym, an endangered language of Siberia? a. All of the speakers of Chulym are elderly, aged 70+. b. The language has persisted as long as it has because it has a well-established writing system. c. Negative attitudes exist in the community about the language. d. All of the above. 5. True or false? Speech rate and coarticulation are sources of variability in speech. a. True b. False 6. True or false? In an experiment using the high-amplitude sucking method, the dependent variable is the amount of time the infant keeps on looking at the loudspeaker that plays the test sound. a. True b. False 7. Which of the following best describes the phenomenon of Categorical Perception? a. The acoustic input falls into two distinct categories and the perceptual representation exhibits sensitivity to the same two categories. b. The acoustic input and the perceptual representation are not connected in any meaningful way. c. The acoustic input is on a continuum and the perceptual representation is divided into categories. d. The variability in the acoustic input leads to confounds in the perceptual representation. 8. Which of the following are common features of Spanish-Influenced English resulting from language interference? a. The word <hit> could be pronounced as [hit]. b. Voiceless stops are aspirated at the beginning of words. c. The word <the> could be pronounced as [d ]. ə d. (a) and (b). e. (a) and (c). 9. Choose the best continuation: According to the alphabetic principle, a. Children learning to read should focus on words as whole units, not on their subparts. b. There are reliable correspondences between letters and the sounds that they stand for. c. The mapping from spelling to meaning is arbitrary and unsystematic. d. The mapping from sound to meaning is arbitrary and unsystematic. 2 10. Fill in the blanks: Broca’s area is close to __________ and Wernicke’s area is close to _______________. a. the occipital lobe, the motor cortex b. the corpus callosum, the motor cortex c. the motor cortex, the auditory cortex d. the occipital lobe, the frontal lobe 11. Which of the following is NOT true about sign languages? (Choose the most complete answer) a. Sign languages can be used to express abstract concepts such as ‘belief’ and ‘justice’. b. Sign language is a subtype of finger-spelling. c. Sign languages make use of handshape and location but do not use motion in a meaningful way. d. Some signs are arbitrary whereas some others are more iconic. e. Neither (a) nor (b) is true f. Neither (b) nor (c) is true g. Neither (c) nor (d) is true 12. Which of the following is true about the real-time Magnetic Resonance Imaging technique for imaging speech production? a. It is used to examine blood flow in the brain. b. It is a technique pioneered at the University of California, Santa Cruz. c. It allows study of natural movement in speech production. d. All of the above. 3
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