U.S history since Recon Final Studyguide
U.S history since Recon Final Studyguide HIST 2112 - US History Since Reconstruction of 1878
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Torie Pierce on Thursday July 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 2112 - US History Since Reconstruction of 1878 at Clayton State University taught by Dr. Jelani Favors in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 07/21/16
U.S HISTORY SINCE RECON FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Counter-culture o The impact of the new left was cultural as well as political o New left radicals presented mainstream society with a “counter culture” o Popular music helped to spread the message of social criticism The Truman Doctrine o “We are obligated to protect the other countries from communism The Second Red Scare o The Fear of the Spread of Communism was known as “Red Scare” o Sen Joseph McCarthy stated he had a list of 250 suspected communist working in the federal govt. o An aggressive quest for “internal security”, led to anti-communist campaigns. Suburbia o White flight-white Americans left inner cities to get away from minorities o Triggered by government policies o Triggered by automobile boom 1st March on Washington o Never took place, was just a call. FDR was notified before the march took place o Called for 100,00 African Americans to march in DC o Convinced blacks that pressure could be applied to federal gov’t Brown vs. Board of Ed. o Topeka, Kansas is where it took place o Case was argued by the NAACP legal defense team o 1954- the supreme court ruled that “separate but equal” was constitutional Kelly Ingram Park o may 1963-someone threw a brick and firemen turned on water hoses and dogs and attacked the people in the march. o In this park many civil rights protests took place. Red lining o an agreement with owners that when someone moves out, they don’t sell their house to people of color. CORE o The congress of Racial Equality (CORE) started as a new tactic, in your face, known as the freedom rides o Racial integrated buses traveled through the south to protest Jim crow laws SNCC o Students from Various colleges formed the Student non violet coordination committee (SNCC) o Met at Shaw university in Reaigh, NC o SNCC would become the most influential civil rights organization of the 1960’s Freedom Summer o created by SNCC o A biracial movement where white students African American students registered the right to vote on predominantly white college campuses o The effects of “Freedom Summer” Crated a wave of activism on white college campuses Crated an unprecedented exposure and concern about the CRM Created tension among black student activists who were angered that only violence against young white activists brought the concern of the nation MFDP o the Mississippi freedom democratic party o Brought activists from MS to Atlantic city to demand representation o Delegation was not recognized o Fannie Lou Hamer- sharecropper civil rights activist was recruited who SNCC took in and testified for the delegation to be recognized Black Panther Party o Was for African American self-defense and equality Black Power Ideology o Black power wasn’t discriminatory. Every ethnic group had power The Feminine Mystique o Betty Fridan wrote “The feminine Mystique” and said that women were being treated like slaves in their own homes o Argued against suburban imprisonment of women The Kinsey Report o The Kinsley report was a study of young men and women about sex, was published by biologist Alfred Kinsley FSM o free speech movement o The free speech movement was created by white veterans from freedom summer of 1964 o Students demanded greater voice and freedom on campus-started free speech movement Cuban Missile Crisis o reconnaissance photos reveled the soviet had missiles in Cuba o President Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba in what became known as the Cuban Missile Crisis The Great Society o a continuation of new deal ideas and policies New Left o Youth rejected the false image of the “perfect” American society o Offered a radical new interpretation of society that was lived through the music, the culture, and the movement of the sixties- The Marshall Plan o Secretary of State George C. Marshall announced a European Recovery plan Baby boom o New marriages and WWII veterans jump-started the “baby boom” Cold War o By the end of the war, America: Commanded half of the world’s manufacturing capacity and generated half of the world’s electricity. Owned two-thirds of the world’s gold stocks and half of all its monetary reserve Possessed the world’s largest merchant fleet Possessed a near monopoly on the emerging aerospace and electric industries. And for a brief moment, was the sole possessor of the new technology of atomic power G.I. Bill o made college accessible to veterans Brown II o Chief Justice Warren suggested that local officials should move at “All deliberate speed” (take your time) in integrating schools o Brown II was consistent with how the nation felt about the issue of civil rights Little Rock 9 o the federal govt got its first opportunity to enforce school integration in Little Rock, Arkansas o Governor Orville Faubus shut down the little rock school system the next year o Rise of independent school systems (as a response to integration) 16th Street Baptist Church o -a movement church where people would gather to march and the bombing happened by bob chambis (Dynmite Bob) NAACP - The National Association for the advancement of colored people direct action protest o Broke the laws in order to bring attention to how they are not just or right Fannie Lou Hamer o sharecropper civil rights activist was recruited who SNCC took in and testified for the delegation to be recognized o “we didn’t come here for no two seats Civil Rights Act of 1964 o Prohibited segregation in public accommodations and outlawed employment discrimination on federal jobs o Created the equal employment opportunity commission (EEOC) When be hired a person is not discriminated against De facto o (by custom segregation) racism took hold within suburban America Watts Fred Hampton- former NAACP youth leader who became the leader of the black panthers Beatniks o Many white youth viewed black popular culture as an alternative to the dominant culture of the 50’s that they knew to be safe, boring and hypocritical Cold War conformity o People were extremely Conforming(To take the shape of, to become completely conservative) and Conservative during the 1950s o The 1950’s and the cold war were largely defined by conformity and conservatism o There was repression of individuals who challenged the status quo Port Huron Statement o SDS wrote a manifesto called the Port Hurton statement that defined the politics and goals of the new left Containment o Followed WW2, American adopted a foreign policy known as containment in an effort to stop communism Gulf of Tonkin Resolution o U.S claimed we were attacked by north Korea but we weren’t attacked. o Johnson secured the Golf of Tokin resolution which mandated that the president The War on Poverty o Anti-poverty campaign-the great society which was a continuation of new deal societies Double “V” Campaign o The “Double V”(Double victory) campaign emphasized victory at home and overseas (WWI and Racial discrimination) o Created by the black press HUAC o The House Committee on Un-American Activities investigated communist related activities in areas such as: o Hollywood o Higher education o Unions o Civil Rights leaders William Levitt-the father of the suburbs Southern Manifesto o Essentially saying that they refuse to comply with the idea to the thought if integration o White citizens Councils were established throughout the south (bankers, local politicians) that came up with creative ways to stop integration and intimidate businesses who allowed integration. o Emmett Till o August 28, 1955 in Money, MS o Till was killed for speaking and perhaps whistling at a white women o “Emmett Till’s death clearly nationalized the civil rights movement in a way that it had not been nationalized before.” o His death was a rallying cry for black people all across America o His death resonated with young African American men The Greensboro Four o On feburary 1, 1960, four college freshmen at North Carolina A&T state university, Ezell Blair, David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, Franklin Mccain, staged a sit-in at the segregated lunch counters at downtown Woolworth. Freedom Rides o started as a new tactic, in your face protest i. Broke the laws in order to bring attention to how they are not just b. Racial integrated buses traveled through the south to protest Jim Crow laws c. The riders were met with violent mobs and several spent time in prison Ella Baker- is referred to as the mother of the movement SNCC Voting Rights Act of 1965 o Outlawed literacy tests o Provided for federal voting registrars de jure-Segregation by law COINTELPRO- the counter intelligence program initiated by the FBI that essentially gave the green light to bug and survey these radical groups Kerner Commission o “America is moving towards two societies, one black, one white- separate and unequal” Howl o Ginsberg shared a poem entitled “Howl” which stated o “I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness, starving hysterical naked, dragging themselves through negro streets at dawn looking for an angry fix, angel-headed hipsters burning for ancient heavenly connection to the starry dynamo in the machinery of light” o People were tired of conformity and looking for authenticity and slice of reality. Everything seemed fake in suburban areas. SDS o inspired by the black college sit ins, al haber formed SDS (students for a democratic society) Bay of Pigs o The CIA trained and armed 1,400 anti-Castro Cubans who landed at Cuba’s bay of pigs on April 17, 1961 o Fidel Castro easily defeats and kills them. The bay of Pigs was an embarrassment for the Kennedy administration Tet Offensive o the Vietnamese New Year, known as TET, officially began with the major offensive by the Viet Cong Altamont Music Riot o Following this riot, many radicals began questioning the authenticity and direction of the movement of counter culture
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