Old Testament Literature Midterm Study Guide
Old Testament Literature Midterm Study Guide BIBL 115
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Notetaker Notetaker on Friday July 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIBL 115 at Evangel University taught by Professor Fabian in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Old Testament Literature in Biblical Studies at Evangel University.
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Date Created: 07/22/16
Aaron Moses' brother; made spokesman by God; made Israel's first High Priest; not allowed to enter the promised land Abraham originally Abram; left Ur; faith tested with sacrifice of only son Isaac; covenant with God to be the father of many nations Adam first human created by God; sinned when he ate from the tree of good and evil; cast out of Eden with Eve Asia Minor Modern day Turkey; mountainous region; home of the Hittites, Anatolia Baal pagan god of thunderstorms, fertility, and agriculture prophet asked by Balak, the king of the Balaam Moabites, to curse Israel; God warned him not to curse them via a talking donkey The book of Joshua conquest and inheritance; crossing the Jordan river, Jericho, Ai, Mt. Ebal and Mt. Gerizim; the day the sun stands still Canaan the land bridge between Asia and Africa, Syrian/Palestinian region Characters God is the main one in biblical narrative; good vs. bad; wise vs. foolish point to and from which the story ascends and descends; Climax becomes the focal point for considering the narrative function of each part of the story when considering the book as a whole cosmology science of the origin and development of the universe as a whole. For example Ancient people believed in "waters above and waters below" Covenant an agreement by legal contract Youngest son of Jesse; slayed Goliath; king of Israel for David 40 years; expanded kingdom; musician; conquered Jerusalem; Bathsheba; son Solomon becomes next king; most developed character in the Old Testment "Yom Kippur;" annual day of fasting and prayer Day of Atonement among Israelite's; still observed by present-day Jews; occurs in Autumn; to atone for sins of the past year Deborah prophetess; with Barak freed Israel from the oppression of king of Canaan; served as judge for 40 years Deuteronomy meaning second law;Hebrew title means "these are the words;" for new generation of Israel;capstone of Pentateuch;interpretive commentary;last will and testament of Moses;bridge tothe rest of the Old Testment Dialogue one of the chief methods of characterization in Hebrew narrative; watch for speeches that summarize, celebrate, or explain tje events of the narrative divided into Upper (south) and Lower Egypt (north) regions; ran along the Nile, which flows from south to north the word most often used for God in the Hebrew Elohim Bible; in the traditional Jewish view the Name of God as the Creator and Judge of the Universe Exegesis analyzing what the passage means in its original context. Think: "what would we be missing if this wasn't in the Bible?" Exodus "The Salvation of Israel;" Hebrew title means "these are the names of;" plight of Israel in Egypt; Moses' return to Egypt; plagues; Passover; Tabernacle Track of land that stretched from the Persian Gulf to The Fertile Cresent along the Tigris/Euphrates river valley, down the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, then south down into the Nile River delta Foreshadowing hints or clues as to what is coming later in the narrative Framing sometimes called "inclusio;" repetition of features of elements at the beginning and end of a unit, causing a framing effect or full circle Genesis creation; the fall; Noah; Babel; Abraham and family; Joseph (story of forgiveness) Hermeneutics science and art of interpretation, bridging the gap between the Bible and today How does Leviticus connect with the The end of Exodus is a structural description of the Tabernacle, which God's presence then fills.This sets the stage for the end of Exodus? functional description of the Tabernacle that takes place at the beginning of Leviticus. How does the account of the deaths of The book of Leviticus provides the Isrealites with strict guidelines for worship and for holiness.Leviticus 9 is the account of the first Aaron's sons in Lev 10 fit in as a part of sacrificial offering and it is followed by Aaron's sons being killed in Lev 10 because they did not properly regard the holiness of God the book? in their sacrifice. How do we approach the study of As opposed to treating the Old Testament as simply ancient literature or the history of the Old Testament? religion, we see it as God's word. The phrase "these are the generations" first appears How is the phrase "these are the generations" used as a part of the in Genesis 2:4. It occurs ten times in Genesis and serves as a prelude or introduction to the story of a literary structure of Genesis? family. only child of Abraham and Sarah; miracle baby Isaac (Sarah was barren); God tested father by asking for him to be sacrificed; married Rebekah; father of Esau and Jacob son of Isaac and Rebekah;steals Esau's birthright with Jacob soup/tricking Isaac;flees toLaban;works fourteen years tomarry Rachel (tricked intomarrying Leah after 7);changes name to Israel;sons represnt the tribes of Israel Joseph slavery by brothers; imprisoned in Egypt by Potiphar; interprets Pharaoh's dreams to become overseer of Egypt; father of Manasseh and Ephraim; saves family by forgiving brothers and bringing family to Egypt to avoid the famine led children of Israel into promised land after the death Joshua of Moses; led battles to conquer land given by God; divided land among tribes; served as first judge for 18 years Jacob's fourth son by Leah; interceded to stop Judah brothers from killing Joseph; story of Tamar; tribe of Judah led to conquest of Promised Land Judges disturbing pattern of sin, oppression and deliverance; key people include Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, Gideon, Jepthah, and Samson Levites member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi, especially those who were chosen to assist the Temple priest in worship in the Jewish temple "Life and Worship in Israel;" Hebrew title is "and He Leviticus called;" a covenant document; center piece of the Pentateuch; instructions for worship and holiness; Day of Atonement Literary Context describes how the passage fits in with the ones preceding and following it Lot Abraham's nephew; led out of Sodom and Gomorrah; wife turned into salt for disobedience to God; two daughters got him drunk and had his kids who led to the founding of the Moabite and Ammonite people Mesopotamia Literally means "the place between the rivers" (Euphrates and Tigris). Levite; hidden in a basket at birth; found by Pharaoh's daughter; at 40 kills an Moses Egyptian for beating a Hebrew; flees to Midian; marries Jethro's daughter, Zipporah; sees burning bush/receives call from God; returns to Egypt with brother Aaron; brings plagues/frees people; parts Red Sea; receives 10 Commandments; wanders wilderness with entire nation for 40 years Narrative Time pace at which story proceeds; notice the slowdowns in the plot serve to focus attention or reveal a point of view story teller; often "omniscient" on biblical narrative, that Narrator is he is everywhere and knows everything about the story he tells; provides the point of view from which we are to understand the story Nazarite took an oath toseparate oneself from the world, even from kinship, toserve only Yahweh;made formal swearing oath toGod; abstained from wine, liquor, or anything of the vine;let hair grow uncut;mustn't come in contact with a corpse father of Shem, Ham, and Japeth; builds ark for Noah animals and family for a flood sent due to the evilness of humanity; 600 years old at time of the flood six; Hebrew title means "In the wilderness;" graphic portrayal of Israel's "time ofenty Numbers testing;" archival records; legislation; arrangement of camp; preparations for leaving Sinai; wilderness; threat of Moab; preparations to enter Canaan; God doing what He promised but Israel failing; historical background for Joshua-Kings Parallelism repeated ordering of elements or words; this is the defining characteristic of Hebrew poetry Patriarch male head of a family or tribe; Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Pentateuch first five books of the Old Testament; the Torah; includes Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Plot overall story; made up of building tension, conflict and resolution; notice how subplots are developed and how they add to the overall story Priest one authorized to perform the sacred rites of a religion, especially a mediator between man and God Rachel youngest daughter of Laban; Jacob's favorite/second wife; mother of Joseph and Benjamin Rahab harlot; assisted spies sent by Joshua to Jericho; saved her family; mentioned in the lineage of Jesus wife of Isaac; barren but healed and Rebekah gave birth to twins Esau and Jacob; helped Jacob to get Esau's birthright Redemption action of saving/being saved from sin, error, or evil The rejection of Saul's anointing Saul's disobedience in the destruction of the Amekites led to... The rejection of Saul's dynasty Saul's impatience in offering a sacrifice without waiting for Samuel led to... Repetition reoccurrence of similar words or identical elements Nazirite from birth; helped free Israel from Philistine Samson oppression; miraculous strength; revealed secret of strength to Delilah; broke Nazarine vow numerous times (foreign women/jawbone); served as judge for 20 years Samuel prophet; miracle baby to the barren Hannah; dedicated to God before birth; anointed both Saul and David as kings; last judge of Israel; served for 32 years Samuel (1+2) Key characters include Samuel, Saul, Hannah, David, Nathan, and Bathsheba; Saul's selection and rejection; God's covenant with David, God establishes a dynasty, origin of monarchy in Israel Scene(s) combination of these make up overall story; usually focus on only two or three characters at a time Septuagint Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament Shema affirmation of Judaism and faith in one God; said every day during both morning and evening prayers Summary Statements can take the form of a statement of purpose or question and answer; often signal the beginning or ending of a unit Tabernacle tent, sanctuary, or place of dwelling for the presence of God What is the connection between Joshua picks up exactly where the Pentateuch Joshua and the Pentateuch? leaves off. It shows the fulfillment of the covenant of the Promised Land. What is the overall purpose of the It establishes the need for a king in Israel. "At that time there was no king in Israel. People did what they saw fit book of Judges? in their own eyes" appears four times in the last five chapters of the book. What was the covenant with David David wants tobuild the Lord a temple, but instead of David building the Lord a house, the Lord builds David a house through in 2 Samuel 7? his dynasty.It is through this dynasty that the Word becomes flesh and the Lord ultimately establishes His presence among us. Wordplays rhythm, rhyming, alliteration, similar sounds, etc. Yahweh covenant name; came to be regarded by Jews as too sacred to be spoken; "The LORD;" commonly replaced by "Elohim"
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