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Psych 270, PSU ALTOONA exam 4

by: Liz Leonard

Psych 270, PSU ALTOONA exam 4 PSYCH 270

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University > Psychology > PSYCH 270 > Psych 270 PSU ALTOONA exam 4
Liz Leonard
Penn State
GPA 3.1

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This is the review for exam 4, psychology 270 with Mr. Roche. He may add questions but this is the base of the test with all the answers gone over in class. Feel free to go through the notes he pro...
Abnormal Psychology
Study Guide
Psychology, abnormal
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Liz Leonard on Thursday July 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 270 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Roche in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at Pennsylvania State University.

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Date Created: 07/28/16
270 Study Guide 4  Personality disorders o General personality disorder features  Has to be relatively stable and pervasive over time  Definition very broad (everything) o Structure of DSM­IV  Know which disorders belong to which cluster  Odd Eccentric o Paranoid PD o Schizoid PD o Schizotypal PD  Dramatic/ Emotional  o Histrionic PD o Borderline PD o Narcissistic PD  Anxious/ Fearful o Avoidant PD  o Dependent PD o Obesessive­Compulsive PD  Alternative PD model  Moderate ot great impairment in personality functioning  One or more pathological personality traits  Focus on only 2 dimensions.   5 pathological traits  Self and interpersonal disfunction  Defining a personality disorder  Core features  Moderate ot great impairment in personality functioning  One or more pathological personality traits  Was it accepted into the official DSM­5?  Not excepted  Problems with DSM­IV diagnosis of personality disorder  Definition TO BROAD  Using categories (u either have or you don’t when people are  usually in the middle)  Overlap (personality disorders being diagnosed at the same time)  Most common disorder not other specified o Chapter 11  Recognize a person described as BPD, OCPD, or NPD  NPD: Arrogant, see self as special, feels that others are envious. Fantasize about being admired, respected, and powerful. Positively correlates with  self­esteem and describing self as successful. Negatively related to shame  and depression.  BPD: Beginning at early adulthood, your view about people can go back  and forth between extremes, you met someone once or twice and you find  yourself with them all the time, instability of interpersonal relationships  and self­image. Has to be long standing and persists even when  manic/depression symptoms are not present. Impulsive, suicidal, avoid  abandonment. Feeling empty or bored, inappropriate intense anger.  OCPD: pattern of orderliness, perfectionism and mental/interpersonal  control. Beginning at early adulthood. Emotionally constructed, devoted to work, unable to discard or worn out worthless objects o More common in males or females  Women o Which has the most research?  Borderline personality disorder o Which has the most empirically supported treatments?  Borderline personality disorder  Has two supported treatments  BPD o According to research do negative emotions come before or after BPD  symptoms?  Before borderline symptoms o Features of DBT  Mindfulness  Distress tolerance  Interpersonal effect  Emotion regulation o (Goal is to relieve symptoms)  OCPD o Overlap of OCD and OCPD  Ocd: 75%  Ocpd: 75%  Not that common to have them overlap (25%) o How to differentiate OCD and OCPD  OCD is ego distonic, (they know they have a problem)   OCPD is ego sintonic (someone else problem) starts at an early age o Goals of treatment at the neurotic vs. borderline level of personality organization.   Neurotic: Open them up and explore who they are  Borderline: Help them see things in less black and white terms (attacking  people and have attachment problems ) tolerate these emotions  NPD o Definition of narcissism as a motivation  Motivation for admoration and recognition o Defining grandiosity, vulnerability, which is more common to present to  treatment?  Grandiosity: entitled expectations about the world and feeling overly  confident (going good)  Vulnerability: Sadness or anger over your entitled expectations wasn’t met (something didn’t happen and it pisses you off)  Vulnerability is more common in treatment o Problems with the NPI as a measure of narcissism  Strange correlations   Inconsistent factor structure of 1,2,3,4,5,6,7  NPI is a self report measure  o How do parents make a narcissist  High superficial expectations  o How to treat narcissism (kohut, kernberg, freud)  Freud says don’t do it  Kohut says except them( nice)  Kernberg says confront them (mean)  Gender dysphoria o Defining it  Distress caused by incongruence between ones experience of gender and  ones biologically assigned gender.  Separate from sexual preferences.  o Child vs. adult diagnosis  Which has a higher proportion of symptoms needing to be met.   Children o Prevalence rates (<1%, < 5%, <10%)?  <1% o State of research  Not a lot of research done  What seems to be true of the exsisting research is that who has gender  dysphoria has a higher rate of suicide o Duration (weeks, months) in order to be diagnosed   6 months at least  Sexual disorders o Sexual disorders vs. paraphilic disorders  Sexual disorders:  o Duration (weeks, months) in order to be diagnosed   At least 6 months o Age effects on disorders  Go up in age (especially males) o Prevalence rates for erectile disorder and genito­pelvic pain/penetration disorder  Erectile disorder: <40 years: 2% , >60 years, 50%  Genito­pelive/penetration disorder: 15% o Types of paraphilia  Exhibitionistic: Exposing genitals to strangers  Fetishistic: Physical contact with non­consenting person  Pedophilic: Children  Sexual Masochism and or sadism: Humiliation from or to others  Transvestic: Dressing as opposite gender for sexual arousal   Voyeristic: secretly watching others undress or engage in sex o Chapter 11, personal narrative 11.1 (p. 356)  Sam Bullington: Transsexual (female to male)  Fired from his job 3 times  Harsh crimes against transgenders  One trans killed a month  Gender the “norm” male or female  Cant be married in Missouri because biologically female, lives as  male now  Emerging disorders o Can they be diagnosed in the DSM­5 currently?  No o Why publish measures in the DSM­5?  Increase collaboration among people with the same (Consistent) measure o What are general rationales for  Adding a disorder  If have diagnoses, we can treat  Not adding a disorder  Research not being enough to support it  Normative behavior ( not over patholigize)   To confusing o Caffeine use disorder  Estimated prevalence rate from DSM­5  <10  Most/least frequently endorsed criteria  Most frequent: Great deal of time trying to obtain the caffeine   Least freguent: Social Problems  Violence risk o The best predictor of future violent behavior is?   Past behavior (past violence) o Mentally ill vs. general population slides (a few questions from here) o PDs and violence risk  Narcissism, borderline and antisocial risk goes up o Actuarial vs. self­report tools. Which is better to predict violence?  Actuarial


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