History of Evidence
Rules came from common law and were established by the Supreme Court until in the mid 1970’s Congress altered them
In the politics of America, truth is run by combat because we have an adversarial system in which the judge and the jury decide what is “true"
Judge and jury use reasoning to decide which side presented the “more true” side of the facts regardless of which side is phenomenologically true — meaning which is the absolute truth, not the assumed truth
Inductive: when two facts do not go hand in hand
you know a fact is inductive if you can fight it by showing a comparison like the ones below We also discuss several other topics like When does chromatin remodeling occur?
ex. if pregnant than a woman… but just by saying someone is a woman does not mean they have to be pregnant
ex. an EEG reading being flat on a 26 year old means they are dead… but an EEG reading being flat on a 6 week old embryo does not mean they are dead Deductive: when two facts can easily be switched back and forth
truth preserving and allows conclusions to be drawn based on what you provide in the facts
allows for assumptions to be drawn
ex. if A equals B and B equals C then… you assume A also equals C
to determine if a fact is inductive or deductive you can draw it out one step farther and see if the facts still allow you to make an assumption to the analogy
real case examples:
Cotton v. AE (2011) - case about principle and agent factors
Copeland v. Homana - cannot sue principle if agent is unpresent
Don't forget about the age old question of An individual demand curve relates to what?
Other topics covered
examples of distinctions:
owner v. thief - owner gets property
owner v. defrauding - owner gets property If you want to learn more check out What are some things you can do to keep your kitchen clean and safe?
If you want to learn more check out What is the layer of dividing cells at the base of epidermis?
Don't forget about the age old question of Which one of the following molecules in nonpolar?
We also discuss several other topics like How many oxygen atoms are present after the reaction ends
owner v. thief v. innocent 3rd party - owner gets property
owner v. defrauding v. innocent 3rd party - owner gets property
equivalent statements using one fact:
all ravens are black
no ravens are not black
these two statements use the same fact but are worded differently and therefore the fact can be explained in a multitude of ways