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Abnormal Psychology Midterm Study Guide

by: Sydney Jones

Abnormal Psychology Midterm Study Guide Psy 2710

Marketplace > Ohio University > Psychology > Psy 2710 > Abnormal Psychology Midterm Study Guide
Sydney Jones

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Abnormal Psychology
Study Guide
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This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney Jones on Sunday August 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 2710 at Ohio University taught by Dr.Sarver in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at Ohio University.

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Date Created: 08/07/16
1 I. Question 1 A. DSM­5 1. 1952 2. What? a. Finds etiology (cause) b. Treatments  c. Prognosis  d. Environmentaology (risk factors) 3. What is a syndrome?  collection of symptoms that regularly occur together  4. Decided by a comity by votes—can be influenced by culture, ex:  Drapetomainia­ Negros running away from their plantations (1850) B. People  1. Szasz a. The Myth of Mental Illness b. Reaction to Adorno’s book c. Said culture used mental illness to control behavior  2. Adorno a. The Nature of Predgesist  3. Mental illness is not a disease, it is behavior—able to seek or refuse treatment  C. NGRI  1. The Twinkie defense  1 2 2. The judge decides to accept or deny  3. Only accepted 10% of the time 4. Who? a. White females are usually given NGRI b. Black males are rarely given NGRI 5. There is no sentence with NGRI, you are in a mental hospital until they say you  are sane 6. There has to be a connection between the disorder and the crime 7. What is needed to commit a crime:  a. Actus Reus (evil crimes) b. Mens Rea (evil intent) 8. Qualifications: a. Did not avoid detection  b. Did not hide evidence  c. Did not resist arrest d. No motive D. Rosenhan  1. Checked himself and his colleges into a mental hospital  2. Most of the patients could tell he did not belong there 3. Tried to tell the staff that he was running an experiment but they only thought  he was crazy E. Examples of possible NGRI 1. McNaughtan  2 3 a. Carpenter in Scotland  b. Thought the prim minister of England was following him c. Attempted to kill him d. First NGRI because they could not find mens rea (evil intent) 2. Ted Kaczinski  a. The UnAbomber b. Math professor in California c. Thought technology was going to kill man d. Made 16 bombs that killed multiple people  e. Motive: government had him under surveillance and wanted to ruin his life by technology  f. Targets: Universities and Airports  g. Brother turned him in after reading his manifesto  h. Found guilty  3. Dahmer a. Pedophile of young boys  b. Drugged and cut them up for storage, sometimes ate parts c. Did not get rid of evidence d. One kid got away and went to the police  e. ‘Poster boy” for NGRI f. Found guilty because his lawyer told the jury that if he got a NGRI all  predators would use it 4. Andrea Yates  3 4 a. Currently lives in Texas, late 20’s b. Had extreme postpartum depression after first child but husband  wanted more so they had more  c. Very religious  d. Thought her kids were evil since she was too depressed to raise them  right e. Thought they would grow up to be evil and go to hell f. Drowned all of the kids so they would go to Heaven  g. After she called her husband and the police h. Found guilty and sentenced to death thrown out on appeal 5. David Bekowitz (NYC) a. The Son of Sam case b. Thought the devil was out to get him c. Thought his next door neighbor’s dog, whose name was Sam, was  his dad d. The dog would tell him to kill people e. Would walk up to people and shoot them in the head f. Found out because of parking tickets  g. NGRI  F. Definitions of Mental Illness 1. Cultural­ they endorse what is normal behavior, political correctness, and to  want to have the behavior  2. Frued’s­ able to work and love properly  3. Requirements of Abnormal Behavior  a. Distressed  4 5 b. Deviance  c. Not adaptive d. Rigid (not flexible)  II. Question 2 A. History  1. Ontogeny­ the development of the brain from conception to adulthood  2. Human brain takes the longest to mature (about 20 years) B. You are most likely to control your emotions if you are aware of them  C. Purpose of Mental Health­ to learn how to manage and contain  D. The limbic system  1. The feeling brain  2. Brain stem a. Maintains consciousness 3. Hypothalamus a. Survival of the self    b. Regulates body function  4. Septal a. Reward area of the brain b. Produces a feeling of well being when stimulated  c. Used when the hypothalamic appetites are satisfied  5. Basal Ganglia  5 6 a. Producing and interpreting non verbal cures of underlining emotional  states  b. Prosody­ musical aspect of spoken language (tone of voice), 23 parts  of the brain  c. Facial Affective Lexicon­ facial expressions  d. Harlow Monkeys i. Monkeys that were separated from mothers had a 50% Basal  Ganglia  e. Uses dopamine i. Also used in eye blink reflex ii.  faster eye blink means they are more receptive to underlining  emotion  6. Cingulum a. Different function depending on sex b. 225 differences between the female and male brain  c. Female i. Maternal, nurturing, empathetic, protective  ii. FoS­B gene is turned on d. Males i. Competitive, aggressive, mounting, behavior  7. Amygdala  a. Where PTSD memories are stored  b. Fight or flight  c. Stores emotional experiences  d. Gender difference  6 7 i. Females­ details  ii. Males­ big picture  8. Hippocampus  a. Long term memory and learning strategies (trial and error) b. AKA Archicortex  c. Short term memory last about 20 seconds  E. Hormones 1. Androgen a. Hormone that regulates sex drive b. From adrenal gland c. Males have more  d. Important because under 30yrs under perfect conditions only a 15%  chance of pregnancy  2. Serotonin a. Happy hormone  3. Phenylethylalmine  (PEA) a. Love hormone  b. In the locus cereleus  c. Created by phenylalomine too much can drive the transmitter (found  in chocolate) 4. Oxytocin a. Starts delivery contractions  b. Manufacture and delivery of milk to breast 7 8 c. During female orgasm  d. Trust and intimacy hormone  5. Cortisol  a. Secreted during stress b. Too much will cause gene damage  F. The Cortex 1. The frontal lobe  a. Complex reasoning  b. Hypothetical reasoning  c. Allows us to be social and have humor  d. Last part of the brain to mature  2. Median Forebrain Bundle a. Connects the frontal lobe to the limbic system  b. Contains and suppresses the emotional brain  3. Females have a larger language system being able to put emotions into words III. Question 3 A. Oppositional Defiant Disorder  1. Criteria   a. A pattern of angry mood, defiant behavior, or vindictiveness lasting at  least 6 months 2. Symptoms  a. Angry/Irritable Mood 8 9 i. Always angry  ii. Touchy or easily annoyed  iii. Often resentful  b. Argumentative/Defiant Behavior  i. Argues with authority figures ii. Wont comply with requests or rules iii. Deliberately annoys others  iv. Blames others for their mistakes  c. Vindictiveness 3. STATS a. Equal in males and females b. 8­11% c. more likely if parents have a psychiatric problem or single parent  d. 41% of kids are born to a single parent  B. Conduct Disorder 1. Criteria  a.  A pattern of behavior where basic rights of others are violated  2. Symptoms  a. Aggression to people/animals  i. Bully  ii. Start physical fights 9 10 iii. Has used a weapon (bat is the best) iv. Physically cruel  v. Has stolen whole confronting a victim vi. Forced someone into sexual activity  b. Destruction of Property  i.  Like to set fires to cause serious damage  c. Deceitfulness or theft  i. Broke into someplace ii. Cons others d. Serious violation of Rules  i. Violate curfew (age 13) ii. Often run away  iii. Drug and alcohol abuse and sexual promiscuity   iv. Skips school e. After age of 18 you have antisocial personality disorder  C. Learning Disorder  1. Criteria a. Average or above intelligence yet functioning 2+ years below grade  level b. Reading or math 2. STATS a. Mostly males, 10:1 10 11 IV. Question 4 A. Adjustment Disorder 1. Criteria a. Emotional or behavioral  symptoms in response to a stressor  b. Within 3 moths of a stressor  2. Symptoms  a. Impairment in school or other parts of lie b. Hard time adapting to stress  3. STATS a. 8­12% b. slightly more in females  c. more likely if parent has a psychiatric disorder  B. Persistent Depressive Disorder 1. Criteria  a. Depressed mood for most the day for more days than not for at least 2  years  2. Symptoms  a. Poor appetite or overeating  b. Insomnia (manic) or too much sleep (depression) c. Low energy  d. Low self­esteem e. Poor concentration, difficulty making decisions 11 12 f. Feeling of hopelessness  3. Most common cause is an insult to our self­esteem  4. STATS a. 7­10% b. more likely in females c. more likely if parent has a mood disorder  C. Major Depressive Disorder  1. Criteria  a. Same as Persistent Depressive Disorder  b. Lost of interest or pleasure (Anhedonia)  c. Depresses nearly every day d. Subjective report  2. Symptoms  a. Lost interest  b. Significant weight loss or gain  c. Too much or too little sleep nearly every day d. Psychomotor agitation or retardation  e. Loss of energy nearly every day  f. Feelings of guilt g. Diminished ability to think  h. Recurring thought of death or suicide with out a plan  12 13 3. STATS a. More in females  b. 2­4% c. more likely if parent has a mood disorder  D. Manic­Depressive  1. Now Bipolar Disorder 2. Hypomanic States a. Abnormally elevated or irritable mood  lasting 4 days b. Inflated self­esteem c. Decreased need for sleep d. More talkative then usual  pressured speech e. Racing thoughts f. Easily distracted  g. Increased in goal­directed activity  h. Psychomotor agitation  i. Activities that have a high potential for high consequences j. *others notice these changes but are not always severe enough to  impair other areas of life 3. Manic States a. Same as hypomanic  b. Last from 6 days to months  c. Causes problems in other areas of life  13 14 d. May require psychiatric hospitalization 4. Criteria  a. BPII­ meet criteria for current or past hypomanic episode and criteria  for past or current major depressive episode  b. BPI­ have a manic episode and followed by a hypomanic or major  depressive episode  5. STATS a. Both female and male  b. 1% of population  c. most frequently diagnosed in children  E. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder  1. AKA PMS  now PDD 2. Criteria  a. Week before period to a few days after 3. Symptoms  a. Very emotional  b. Irritability or anger c. Depressed mood  d. Increased anxiety  e. Decreased interest in activities   f. Difficulty concentrating  g. Lack of energy  h. Change in appetite i. Change in sleeping  j. Feeling overwhelmed k. Brest tenderness, join pain, bloating, weight gain  F. 14


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