New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Chloe

S16-SG-EXAM 3-REVISED psy1001

U of M

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Intro to Psych
Kathleen Briggs
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Intro to Psych

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chloe on Friday August 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to psy1001 at University of Minnesota taught by Kathleen Briggs in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psych in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Minnesota.

Similar to psy1001 at U of M

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)


Reviews for S16-SG-EXAM 3-REVISED


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/12/16
Psy 1001 Spring 2016 REVISED STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 3 Here is what will be on the exam…yes, this study guide is soooo long it gets its own Table  of Contents. Remember, if it isn’t on the study guide, it won’t be on the exam. If it is on the  study guide, it might be on the exam. Table of Contents H EALTH PSYCHOLOGY AND STRESS (ONLINE LECTURE, CHAPTER 12).........................................1 A TTACHMENT T HEORY (LECTURES BYM EGAN GUNNAR & JEFFSIMPSON ,CHAPTER 10).................2 A UTISM(A D EVELOPMENT DISORDER ) LECTURE BY D RE LISON)...............................................3 P ERSONALITY: LECTURES, DISCUSSION SECTION& CHAPTER 14)..............................................4 E VOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY LECTURE ,SUPPLEMENTAL READING ).............................................4 E MOTION & M OTIVATION(LECTURES ,DISCUSSION SECTION & CHAPTER 11)...............................5 D EVELOPMENT (LECTURES ,DISCUSSION SECTION & CHAPTER 10).............................................6 Health Psychology and Stress (online lecture, Chapter 12) What is Health Psychology? 1. What kinds of questions would interest a Health Psychologist? 2. What does it mean that your beliefs can affect your health? What evidence was provided in  lecture? What is a placebo? What characteristics of a placebo enhance the placebo effect? 3. What does it mean that your social status can affect your health? What evidence was provided  in lecture to support this claim? 4. What does it mean that your behavior can affect your health? What evidence was provided in  lecture to support this claim? What behaviors affect your health? 5. What evidence was provided that stress affects your health? What are stressors? 6. What is a stressor (a stimuli?) What are the characteristics of a stressful event?  7. What are examples of stressful major life events? What is the relationship between stressful life events and health? 8. What are everyday hassles? What are six different categories of hassles and what are  examples of each? How do everyday hassles affect health? What is the Hassles Scale  (Folkman & Lazarus)?  What is stress (as a response)? 9. What is stress?  10. What are Corticosteroids and what is their function? 11. What is the Hypothalamus­Pituitary­Adrenal (HPA) Axis? 12. What is the Fight­or Flight response? Who first described this response? 13. Who is Hans Selye? What is the General Adaptation Syndrome and what happens at each  stage?  1 14. What is a Type A personality? What is a Type B personality? Which traits are associated with  coronary heart disease? Coping with stressful situations 15. What is the relationship between attachment and stress? 16. What are three aspects of coping with stress? What are examples of each? 17. What is the relationship between control and stress? What are five different types of control  can be used to relieve stress in different situations. 18. What individual differences in attitudes, beliefs and personality characteristics affect our  reactions to stress? 19. What are four way to promote a healthy life­style and lessen stress? Attachment Theory (lectures by Megan Gunnar & Jeff Simpson, chapter  10) Attachment is covered by two lecturers, Megan Gunnar from the Institute of Child Development and Jeff Simpson during the lectures on Personality. Chapter 10 covers some of it as well. Gunnar lecture: 1. What is imprinting? What was the work of Konrad Lorenz? 2. How does a Behavioral Psychologist Approach explain why babies becomes so dependent  on their parents at a certain age? How does an attachment approach explain the same  phenomena? What does the evidence suggest? 3. What kinds of things are associated with secure attachment in infancy? 4. What are the stages/types of play? 5. What is a meta­analysis? What does meta­analysis suggest about the association between infant attachment and the quality of children’s peer relationships?  Why does the  relationship between secure relationships and peer relations increase with time? 6. What are the different kinds of negative status that kids have: neglected, rejected, bullied,  friendless? When child psychologists look at victims of bullying, what do they conclude?  Does being the victim of bullying increase a child’s problems? 7. What relationship do researchers find between teen romantic relationships and adult  romantic relationships?  Simpson lecture: 8. To what does attachment refer? What are the three stages of separation distress?  9. What is meant by the functions of attachment: proximity, safe haven, secure base?  10. What is the Strange Situation test? What parenting styles are associated with the different  kinds of attachment that emerge between an infant and its mother? What kinds of behavior  are typical of children with each kind of attachment.  11. Who is Harry Harlow? Describe his research with monkeys. What is contact comfort? 2 12. Describe the long­term consequences of the secure attachment style especially in love  relationships. What were the patterns of support found by Dr. Simpson in his research on  couple behavior in stressful situations.  13. What are the internal working models of the different kinds of attachment? When are  working models activated? Please note that the textbook and the lecturer use slightly different names for the different  kinds of attachment. Hopefully this will help: SIMPSON TEXTBOOK Secure Secure Avoidant Insecure­Avoidant Anxious­ambivalent Insecure­Anxious Disorganized  Autism (a Development disorder) (lecture by Dr Elison) History 14. How did early theorists conceptualize autism? Who was Leo Kanner and how did he  conceptualize infantile disorder? What were the strengths of children with infantile autistic  disorder?  15. Bruno Bettelheim proposed that autism was caused by the “refrigerator mother”—what is  that? 16. What are two pieces of evidence that autism may have a biological basis (Rimland’s and  Folstein and Rutter)? Diagnostic symptoms 17. What are the differences between the classification of autism and autistic spectrum  disorders in the DSM­IV and the DSM­V 18. What are diagnostic symptoms of autism? What are associated features? 19. What do epidemiologists mean by incidence and prevalence? 20. Why the increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism? Current research 21. What is the current conceptualization of autism? Is Autism heterogeneous or  homogeneous?  22. What are some different theoretical conceptualizations of the symptom profile?  Personality: (lectures, discussion section & chapter 14) 3 What is personality? How can it be measured? 23. Dr. Simpson defines personality as “distinctive, characteristic patterns of thought, emotion  and behavior that uniquely define an individual.” What is meant by distinctive and  characteristic (that is, consistent) in this definition? 24. What is the Person­Situation debate? Why is this important? Who is Walter Mischel? 25. What is a self­report measure? A projective test? What assumptions underlie each? What  are the strengths and limitations of each of these approaches?  26. What are the following and which are self­report measures, and which are projective tests?  The MMPI, the CPI, the BFAS? What is the Thematic Apperception Test (the TAT)? The  Rorschach?  27. What is meant by an idiographic approach to personality? What is a nomothetic approach? Models of personality 28. Gordon Allport proposed an “idiographic approach” to personality with three levels: cardinal traits, central disposition and secondary dispositions. What kinds of characteristics are  associated with each level?  29. What is the Lexical Hypothesis? If a factor is represented by many more words in one  culture/language than another, what inference can you make about that culture, given the  Lexical Hypothesis? 30. What is meant by factor analysis? When is factor analysis useful? 31. What is a personality trait? What is the Five Factor Model? What are the five traits and  what behaviors are characteristic of high or low scores on each trait? (Imagine exam items  in which someone is described to you and you have to correctly identify whether this  person is high or low on a given trait.) A little bit about Psychoanalysis (from the textbook) 32. Who is Sigmund Freud? What are three assumptions that set Freudian theory apart from  other theories of personality? What are each of the following components of personality: Id, Ego, Superego? What is the reality principle? 33. How do defense mechanisms work? What are repression, denial, regression, reaction­ formation, projection, displacement, rationalization, sublimation and identification with the  aggressor? Evolutionary Psychology (lecture, supplemental reading) 34. What are the basic assumptions of evolutionary psychology? 35. What is Natural selection? Selective breeding?  36. What are some things that the human brain is specialized to do?  4 37. What is the evidence for sexual selection? What is sexual dimorphism and when is it  found?  38. What is Parental Investment theory? Why are women pickier about potential mates?  39. Females have evolved to detect males with what characteristics? Males have evolved to  detect what characteristics of females? 40. What tradeoffs do researchers find for females? for males? 41. What is meant by inclusive fitness? What is the reasoning for the evidence that step­ parents are more likely to be abusive than biological parents? Emotion & Motivation (lectures, discussion section & chapter 11) 42. What is emotion? 43. What were the key components of Dr Gewirtz’s definition of emotion? Emotional responses have three aspects: “feelings,” autonomic responses, and somatic responses. What does  each of these refer to?  44. What is the evolutionary view of emotion as originally proposed by Darwin? What is the  adaptive value of emotion? What evidence suggests that these emotions are innate? 45. What are Ekman’s six (or seven) basic emotions? How was this research done? How can researchers study emotion using the fear­potentiated startle response? 46. How can researchers study emotion in rats? What is the fear­potentiated startle response?  How is the fear­potentiated startle acquired by rats? 47. What is the International Affective Picture system (IAPS)? How is research done with the  IAPS?  48. Using the IAPS, what two dimensions of emotion are studied: valence (pleasant and  unpleasant) and arousal? What kinds of images are associated with these dimensions?  49. What are the three primary motive systems, based on this research? What is meant by a  primary motive system? How do individuals with phobias, psychopaths and normal people response to IAPS images? 50. What is a phobia? Compared to most people, how do individuals with phobia respond to  startle while viewing pleasant, high arousal images? While viewing neutral, low arousal  images? When viewing unpleasant, high arousal images? When shown the object of their  phobia?  51. What is a psychopath? Compared to most people, how do psychopaths respond to startle   while viewing pleasant, high arousal images? While viewing neutral, low arousal images?  When viewing unpleasant, high arousal images? Negative emotions (fear, anxiety) and treatment of PTSD 52. What is the role of the amygdala in emotion? What behavioral symptoms of anxiety are  associated with the amygdala? What happens to fear when the amygdala is lesioned?  5 53. What is Exposure therapy? How can exposure therapy be used for the treatment of PTSD  or fear of flying? What does extinction of a fear response involve­­is the memory erased or  a new response learned? How can DCS (D­cycloserine) be used to speed up extinction?  Why? 54. What is a flashbulb memory? How can beta­blockers be used to treat PTSD?  Positive emotions and drug addiction 55. What are rewards? What are typical rewards for humans? What rewards are primary?  What rewards are secondary? What neurotransmitter is associated with rewards? What is  the nucleus accumbens? Why is it associated with the reward pathway?  56. What is drug addiction and how does addiction happen? What are the three mechanisms of addiction described in lecture? Theories of Emotion and motivation 57. What is the two­factor theory of Emotion? What were the findings of the Dutton & Aron  bridge study? How were these findings consistent with the two­factor theory of emotion?  What are the other theories of emotion, James­Lange theory of emotion and Cannon­Bard? 58. What is the Mere Exposure effect? What is the Facial­feedback hypothesis? 59. What is Drive Reduction theory (formulated by Clark Hull, Donald Hebb and others)? What  is the Yerkes­Dodson Law? What does it predict as the optimal conditions for  performance? What are approach­approach conflicts? Approach­Avoidance conflicts?  Avoidance­Avoidance conflicts?  Development (lectures, discussion section & chapter 10)  What is Developmental Psychology  ? 1. What kinds of questions would be of interest to Developmental Psychologists?  2. What is meant by a “cells to society” approach? What kinds of research is done at each  level? 3. What is meant by “bidirectional influences?” in developmental psychology? 4. What is a cross­sectional study? What is a longitudinal study? What is a cohort? Modeling Research and Intervention: Development psychology looks at how inequality affects  development 5. According to the Hart & Risley (1995) study, how does SES (Social & Economic Status) of  parents affect the size of children’s vocabulary? Why does the size of vocabulary matter? 6. In the replication of Hart & Risley done in 2013 with low­income Spanish Speaking families, what was the relationship between the number of words that you heard at the age of 19  months and the speed of processing language at 24 months? 7. What is the Post­Hoc fallacy? What would a genetic explanation be for these findings? Why is a Randomized Clinical Trial hard to do? 6 8. What is the relationship between social class and brain development? 9. What are factors mediating the effects of poverty on hippocampus volume?  10. What is the Chicago Longitudinal Study? What were the effects of the intervention on  school readiness? Repeating a grade? Completing High School? What kind of Return on  Investment was obtained for the Chicago Study and why? Cognitive Development 11. Who is Jean Piaget? Was Piaget’s theory of development a stage or continuous model? 12. What is the cornerstone of cognition? 13. What abilities do infants start with? How do researchers know this? How does interest in  faces change over time? 14. How does the habituation paradigm work to study what infants know? How does experience affect the development of early abilities? 15. What are teratogens? 16. What is the impact of deprivation? Of Enrichment?  Conceptual Representation 17. What are the characteristics of thought? 18. What primary concepts do babies have?  19. How does the Core Knowledge perspective differ from Piaget’s stage theory? What do  researchers mean by object representation, action/agent representation, number  representation, spatial representation and social representation?  20. How does the ability to orient the attention of others suggest less egocentrism? Language Development 21. What are the important changes that occur in language development 22. What is Universal Adaptability? By what age is it gone? 23. Can we reverse the decline? What is the role of social interaction? What did Kuhl, Tsao &  Liu find? 24. How specialized is language to the left hemisphere? When does that specialization  happen? Is it maturation or experience that drives the specialization? 25. What are other domains of cognitive development? Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development 26. Describe the cognitive processes of assimilation and accommodation. In Piaget’s model,  what is a schema and what is it used for?  27. What are Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development? What are the characteristics of  each stage, (that is, what are object permanence, representational thought, conservation,  egocentrism, mental operations, concrete thinking, abstract thinking?) How do researchers  define when one has moved from one stage to the next?  Object Permanence 7 28. What is object permanence and where does it fit in Piaget’s model?  29. What is the A­not­B task? 30. Describe Rene Baillargeon’s research on object permanence. What can we conclude about Piaget’s model based on her findings? Conservation 31. Describe the changes in cognitive functioning revealed by the classic conservation tests  (pouring colored water into different size containers; lining up pennies.) What explanation is given for the behavior of younger children? Where does this fit in Piaget’s model? 32. What evidence suggests that infants may have basic number concepts and be able to add  and subtract? 33. What are the implications of findings of number concepts in infants? Egocentrism 34. Where does egocentrism fit in Piaget’s model? At what age does it change? What is the  three mountain problem? How does it provide evidence of egocentrism? 35. What is the Theory of Mind? What is the False Belief Test (FBT) and how does it test  egocentrism?  36. What cognitive changes occur between age 3 & 4? At what age does a child gain the  cognitive ability to take another person’s point of view? At what age do children begin to  deliberately deceive others? What are some explanations of these findings?  37. What are four possible explanations of these findings? 8


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.