Study Guide for Exam 3, Practice Exam 3 with Key
Study Guide for Exam 3, Practice Exam 3 with Key BIO 182
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caitlyn Hathorne on Saturday August 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 182 at Arizona State University taught by Prof. Foltz-Sweat in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see General Biology II in Biology at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 08/13/16
ASU West - Dr. Sweat BIO 182 - Exam 3 Study onlinequizlet.com/_2elqu2 1. acoelomate body 13.body plans > a set of morphological and developmental traits > functional > evolved over time > some developed long agoand are ancestral toplans seen today solid bodied:lacking body cavity 14. burmese python twitching 2. adaptationsof > limbs method ofegg terrestrial > gas exchange incubation vertebrates > lungs 15.cambrian cause of every major body form seen > embryonic membrane explosion today > skin that retains water 16.cause ofcambrian noconsensus > eggs grow outside of water explosion 3. amniotes > tetrapods > amniotic egg 17.cephalochordates > notochord > dorsal nerve cord > fluid-filled amnion > bilateral symmetry > mammals, birds and reptiles 18.chytridiomycosis infectious fungal disease of amphibians 4. amniotic groups > mammals caused by chytrid that are > birds monophyletic 19.circadian rhythm 24 hour cycle of day/night 5. amniotic groups > reptiles 20.circannual regulate according toseason that are rhythm paraphyletic 21.circular rhythm rise and fall of new full moon and tides 6. animal body circadian clock (day/night schedule):at 22. classical stimulus creates habits regulation night body temp drops and melatonin conditioning spikes 23.coelomate body 7. animal cell > neurons tosynapse toaxon for communication response (specific location) > hormone signal system (travels everywhere from blood stream) 8. animal > behavior (bee dancing toindicate communication location) true coelum:body cavity lined by tissue > courtship (tapping and twerking) derived from mesoderm > sound (song or other vocal 24.coenocytic communication) hyphae > chemical (pheromones for predation or mating) 9. animal > ectoderms:behavior - move in and out temperature of shade and direct light, evaporation regulation > endoderms:regulate with homeostasis > cell wall strategies or arteries and veins > nuclei 25.countercurrent exchange of heat between twofluids in 10.associative acquired ability toassociate learning environmental feature with another heat exchanger opposing directions (bees and color/pattern) 26.defining features bones not jointed 11.asymmetric porifera (sponges) ofactinopterygii phylum (ray-finned fishes) 12.bilateral one way tosplit evenly 27.defining features > feathers ofbirds > noteeth symmetry > wings for flight 28.defining features > chordates 34.deuterostomic ofmajor > mineralization of bone development vertebrate > jaws (or gnathostomes in fish) lineages > cartilaginous 29.defining features > differentiate teeth ofmammals > four chamber heart >mammary glands > hair 30. defining features > scales + waterproofing pigment ofreptiles > internal fertilization > shelled egg laid on land > cleavage:eight cell stage is radial, 31.defining features articulated bones lead tolimbs in first indeterminate ofsarcopterygii amphibians > coelum:folds of archenteron form (lobe-finned coelum fishes) > fate of blastospore:anus then mouth 32.defining traitsof > multicellular 35. dikaryotic twohaploid nuclei per cell, one from animals > nervous and muscle tissue mycelium each parent > heterotrophic 36.first animal on chelicerates > diploid life cycle > extracellular matrix land 37.first vertebrate on amphibians 33.defining traitsof fungi land 38.fossil record on > 70,000 yo evolution of > 90%human history is missing human symbolic thinking 39.four major animal > epithelial tissue:external tissue, also tissue types lines organs + body cavities, skin > connective tissue:for binding and support, blood > multicellular hyphae or unicellular > muscle tissue:can contract, on its own or from nervous impulses > sexual and asexual reproduction > food by absorption:symbiosis or > nervous tissue:neurons and supportive cells saprobe > six groups:chyridiomycetes, 40.heterokaryon twoor more nuclei per cell zygomycetes, ascomycetes, 41.homeostasis > state of physiological condition of the glomeromycetes, basidiomycetes, and body deuteromycetes > food + nutrition absorbed through > closer toanimals than plants > cell walls contain chitin digestive tract, moved by circulatory system > haploid life cycle w/ dikaryon in > gas exchange through respiration ascomycetes and basidiomycetes > thermoregulation through sweat and shivers 42.how fungi gain > heterotrophic nutrition > secrete exoenzymes tobreak down molecules intosmaller organic compounds toabsorb 43.human use for > lichens tostudy air pollution 51.major groupsof fungi > yeast, truffles, fruiting bodies primates (mushrooms) for food > fungi can cause disease:ringworm, tinea capitis (caused by a deuteromycete) 44.lineage of > monophyletic ascomycetes > sexual reproduction using ascus and ascospores (mushroom) > lifecycle includes heterokaryon > 65,000 species 45. > lemurs, lorises, and bush babies lineage of > monophyletic basidiomycetes > reproduce sexually through > tarsiers > new world monkeys basidiospores > lifecycle includes heterokaryon > old world monkeys > gibbons 46.lineage of > earliest fungi todiverge > orangutans chytrids > paraphyletic > gorillas > flagellated zoospores > chimpanzees and bonobos 47.lineage of > monophyletic > humans glomeromycetes > most species from arbuscular 52.mating behavior monogamous mycorrhizae with plants ofvoles 48.lineage of > paraphyletic 53.modern traits > molting of chitin exoskeleton zygomycetes > sexual reproduction through used to organize > molecular data zygosporangium animal groups 49.major eventsin > evolution of first animal:extracellular 54.mycelium densely branched network of hyphae in animal evolution matrix, notrue tissue a fungi > development of true tissue > radial symmetry 55.operant trial and error conditioning > bilateral symmetry > complete digestive tract 56. optimal foraging most food for least work 50. major groupsof > porifera (sponges):notrue tissues 57.origin ofanimals choanoflagellates invertebrate > cnidaria (sea jellies):diploblast, nerve 58.origin of modified jaw bones animals and muscle tissue, nobrain > lophotrochozoa and ecdysozoa:major mammalian ear monophyletic clades as well as 59.origin of modified rib bones deuterostoma vertebrate jaw bone 60.protostomic development > cleavage:eight cell stage is spiral, determinate > coelum:solid masses of mesoderm split and form coelum > fate of blastospore:mouth then anus 61.proximate causes immediate cause toact (hormones) 71.urochordates > embryonic notochord > dorsal nerve cord 62.pseudocoelomate body > segmented muscles > embryonic post-anal tail > embryonic pharyngeal slits 72.wasp larvae in larvae utilize the caterpillar body toavoid caterpillars predation (mind control) incomplete coelum:body cavity lined by tissue derived from mesoderm and endoderm 63.radial symmetry multiple ways tosplit equally 64. relationships between fungi and closest relatives animals are closest relatives tofungi 65.septate hyphae > cell wall > pores > septum > nuclei 66.social learning modification of behavior through observation of others (gorillas teaching young) (students in college) 67.symbiosesof > yeast and humans (beer + bread) fungi > penicillium and humans (antibiotic) > lichens and algae or photosynthetic bacterium > fungi and leaf cutter ants > endophytes and plants (defend against pathogenic fungi) > glomeromycetes and plant roots 68. temperature > hypothalamus detects heat regulation in > if hot, body sweats and blood vessels in mammals skin dilate tocool down > if cold, body shivers and blood vessels in skin contract towarm up 69.traditional traits > body cavity used to organize > segmentation animal groups 70.ultimate causes evolutionary cause (male spiders mate even though they will die)
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