New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SOC 230 Test 2 Study Guide

by: Michael Camal

SOC 230 Test 2 Study Guide SOC 230

Marketplace > University of Rhode Island > Sociology > SOC 230 > SOC 230 Test 2 Study Guide
Michael Camal

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the 2nd exam for Costello's class (Crime and Delinquency)
Crime and Delinquency
Study Guide
sociology, Criminal, Justice, criminology, soc
50 ?




Popular in Crime and Delinquency

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Michael Camal on Friday August 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 230 at University of Rhode Island taught by Costello in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Crime and Delinquency in Sociology at University of Rhode Island.


Reviews for SOC 230 Test 2 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/19/16
Michael Camal SOC 230 Test 2 Study Guide 1. Which fallacy of crime would Felson say that Aker’s social learning theory commits? a. The dramatic fallacy b. The moral agenda fallacy c. The random crime fallacy d. The cops and courts fallacy Reason- The moral agenda fallacy says the people don’t always follow their own morals that they were taught, yet the social learning theory says that people develop morals/deviant behaviors through association with others. 2. Which fallacy of crime would Felson say that Merton’s strain theory commits? a. The innocent youth fallacy b. The ingenuity fallacy c. The welfare-state agenda fallacy d. The vague boundary fallacy Cause- variables said to lead to crime Causal mechanism- how the cause leads to crime Example- School Shooting from minor Cause- Lack of attachment Causal Mechanism- Why lack of attachment leads to crime, we don’t care about others opinions of us, therefore we are free to commit crime What is a cultural explanation?  An explanation for a behavior that draws attitudes, values, and deviant norms and beliefs Video  When prisoners retaliated, guards punished more  One prisoner pretended to be insane because he had lost control  Putting people in certain positions can have a dramatic effect on behavior o “Put on uniform”- not the same person o “I didn’t think I was capable of behaving that way”- didn’t feel regret till later.  How did the film standard prison experiment illustrate “social structure” o Situation we are in explains a lot about behavior of people, more than the individual characteristics Theories Social Control Theory: Hirschi  Individual level (also a reason why people criticize theory)  Part that was not supported- involvement (keep kids busy to keep them out of trouble)  Cause- weak social bond/ low level of integration, or drive for goals  Causal Mechanism- if you are not bonded to society, you have nothing to lose Self-Control Theory: G and H  Individual level  Cause- low self-control  Causal Mechanism- crime is an attractive means of an instant reward Social learning Theory: Akers  Cultural level  Cause- Associating with people who have deviant behaviors  Causal mechanism-see behavior positively rewarded and therefore learn to develop their own deviant norms Strain Theory: Merton  Structural level  Cause- location in social structure  Causal Mechanism- the disjunction felt between culturally approved goals and the availability of legitimate means to achieve them 9 Fallacies of Crime 1. The Dramatic Fallacy: The media distort crime for their own purposes, creating many of our erroneous conceptions about crime. 2. The Cops-and-Courts Fallacy: The importance and influence of police and courts as proactive controls over crime are overstated. 3. The Not-Me Fallacy: Crime is committed by everyone, and the “criminal” is not much different from us. 4. The Innocent-Youth Fallacy: Children are not the innocent bystanders to crime, but are overrepresented as offenders. 5. The Ingenuity Fallacy: Most crime is simple and most criminals are unskilled. 6. The Organized-Crime Fallacy: Criminal conspiracies and, specifically, juvenile gangs are attributed much greater organization and sophistication than they actually have. 7. The Agenda Fallacy: Crime is used haphazardly by a variety of people with moral, religious, social, and political agendas to support their causes. 8. The Vague-Boundary Fallacy: Crime can and should be defined so it can be studied across cultures and history while not becoming bogged down by opinion, different laws, and peculiarities. 9. The Random Crime Fallacy: Crime is not random but occurs in patterned ways that coincide with our routine behavior and everyday lives.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.