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UA - PSYCH 101 - Class Notes - PY 101, week 1

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UA - PSYCH 101 - Class Notes - PY 101, week 1

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Name: PY 101, week 1
Description: Notes on lecture 2
Uploaded: 08/19/2016
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background image Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods A Brief History of Psychology
What is Psychology?
The study (through research) of the  o Mind Mental activity (emotions) o Brain Mental activity resulting from biological processes o Behavior Observable actions Roots of Psychology Philosophy (nature/ nurture & mind/ body debates) 1879: First psychology lab (Germany; Wilhelm Wundt) First schools of thoughts o Structuralism: belief that conscious experience can be broken down into  components o Functionalism: belief that the mind helps humans adapt to environmental  demands The Expansion of Psychology Biological Approach: focus on genetic, hormonal & neurochemical explanations of 
behavior 
o SSRI’s to treat depression to change chemical makeup in the brain Psychoanalysis: innate drives of sex and aggression (nature).  Social upbringing during 
childhood (nurture)
o Make the unconscious conscious Cognitive Psychology: innate mental structures such as schemas, perception & memory 
and constantly changed by the environment
o Like a computer processing information Humanism: Maslow emphasized basic physical needs.  Society influences a person’s self 
concept
Behaviorism: all behavior is learned from the environment through conditioning o Humans are like a machine; questions free will Social Approaches to Psychology Emphasizes the power of the situation and the way individuals are shaped via their 
interactions with others
Research Methodology  What is Scientific Inquiry? Psychologists study the what, when and why of behavior and mental processes

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Name: PY 101, week 1
Description: Notes on lecture 2
Uploaded: 08/19/2016
2 Pages 18 Views 14 Unlocks
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