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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Study Guide - Midterm

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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: world civilization and history
Name: HIST 110A - Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Professor Mark Walia
Uploaded: 08/21/2016
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background image 1. Hunter­gatherers  lived during the Old Stone Age(Paleolithic Age~2.5 million years ago)  hunted mammoth and bison with hand­ax(two stones were hammered together until  they were sharp → would jump on the animal and stab it)  gathered nuts, berries, fruits, and animal eggs  lived in caves or tents made of animal skin  lived in small communities of about 20  life expectancy is short – about 20 years old; women had an even shorter life  expectancy → died during childbirth or shortly after due to infection    2. Stonehenge  largest megalith(giant stone monument) on Earth  built during New Stone Age(Neolithic Age~10,000 years ago) by the Sumarians  located in modern England  stones came from 250 miles away and weighed 45­50 tons each  would've taken approximately 30 million man hours of work  reasons for building:  1. alien­signaling device  2. agricultural calendar(when to plant and harvest crops)  3. temple to worship sun    3. Ziggurats 
background image giant temples made of sun­dried bricks  built by people of the first civilization in the Near East(Fertile Crescent)  place of worship – mentioned in Old Testament(Genesis – people built Tower of  Babel to meet God face­to­face → God made all of the people start speaking different  languages, so they were unable to finish the tower)  had steps going up the sides and an altar at the top  200 ft long, 150 ft wide, and 70 ft high  used for sacrifices    4. Epic of Gilgamesh  tale of a man searching for immortality  he encounters a man who had survived a worldwide flood by building a ship(Noah's  Ark)    5. Hammurabi  sixth king of Babylon(R. 1728 – 1686 B.C.)  created Code of Hammurabi – 282 laws  ex. treat foreigners well, all contracts must be in writing, employers are required  to pay fair wages  based on savage principle of “an eye for an eye”  lack of capital punishment for little things(ex. Witchcraft) 
background image punishable by death: wife committing adultery, unmarried daughter loses  virginity, beastiality, homosexuality    6. Tiglath­Pileser III  ruled from 745 – 727 B.C.  Conquered Babylon and Syria  tells Hebrews he will leave them alone if they pay tribute(gold and silver)  eventually rules entire fertile crescent  notoriously cruel – travels from place to place with a pyramid of skulls; if people  didn't surrender, he'd skin them alive    7. Assur­Bani­Pal  king of Assyria from 668 – 626 B.C.  Made Assyria the biggest it ever was → conquered Elam, northern Arabia, and half of  Egypt  told pharaoh of Egypt he could keep being pharaoh if he did what Assur  wanted(his “puppet”)    8. Nebuchadnezzar  ruled Neo­Babylon from 604 – 562 B.C.  Mentioned in Book of Daniel; ruled all of fertile crescent and conquered Jerusalem  created Hanging Gardens(75 ft above the ground) in the desert for his wife 
background image   9. Cyrus the Great  founded Persia in 549 B.C.  Interested in norther India and southern Russia  539 B.C. ~ conquered Neo­Babylon without a fight  called himself “King of the 4 Quarters of the World”    10. Cambyses  son of Cyrus the great  wanted to conquer Egypt ~ difficult because it's all desert except for the Nile →  builds a navy in the Mediterranean  525 B.C. ~ attacks Egypt and wins → doesn't want the pharaoh to continue ruling  and becomes pharaoh himself  keeps sailing after and goes on to Ethiopia    11. Imhotep  architect ­ had first pyramid built in 2650 B.C.  Made of limestone → “step pyramid”, 250 feet high  also a surgeon  became a “god” when he died    12. Great Pyramid 

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School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: world civilization and history
Name: HIST 110A - Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Professor Mark Walia
Uploaded: 08/21/2016
16 Pages 50 Views 40 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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