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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - HIST 110A - Exam 3(FINAL) - Study

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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - HIST 110A - Exam 3(FINAL) - Study

School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: history and world civilization
Name: HIST 110A - Exam 3(FINAL)
Description: Professor Mark Walia
Uploaded: 08/21/2016
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background image 1. Justinian ~ R. 527 ­ 565 AD  ○ Married to Theodora  ■ May have been a prostitute before Justinian  ■ Died of cancer  ■ 20 years younger than Justinian  ■ Empress ~ ruled alongside Justinian and gave him advice  ○ Created law code ­> current laws were contradictory; too many laws  ■ Grabs the best lawyers(10) to work for 10 years to separate the good laws  and combine them with new ones  ● He helped them because he was knowledgeable  ■ Called luris corpus civilis(Body of Civil Law)  ■ 5,000 pages long ­> Roman Law based on reason and equity  ○ Religious man who loved Jesus ­> wanted to build a cathedral to honor Jesus  ■ Gets the best architects and craftsmen  ■ Hagia Sophia(Holy Wisdom) took 5 years to build and a lot of tax money  ■ When he walks in and looks at it, he says, “Oh Solomon, I have outdone  you.”  ■ Had many mosaics(tile art) made of gold, silver, and ivory that had scenes  from the bible  ■ Had a dome inside ~ made of solid gold; diameter of 100 ft; appears to  float in midair  ○ Tried to reconquer West 
background image ■ Couldn’t do it because it was too expensive  ■ Got a few areas temporarily    2. Heraclius ~ R. 610 ­ 641 AD  ○ emperor /general of Constantinople  ○ Plans counter­attack against Persia  ○ Gets 70,000 men on ships in Black Sea  ○ Lands in Persian Empire  ■ Burns and destroys it  ○ Battle of Nineveh  ■ Persian army is destroyed  ■ Heraclius says that if they don’t sign a peace treaty, he will burn their  capital  ■ Fought 28 years  ■ 630 AD ~ sign treaty ­> go back to old borders  ○ Both areas are weak and tired ~ vulnerable to Arab invasion    3. Mohamed ~ B. 570 AD  ○ “The Perfect Man”  ○ Born in Mecca in Quraysh Clan(business clan)  ○ Father died and mother died while he was young  ■ Raised by uncle 
background image ○ Illiterate; was a camel driver ­> led camels from Mecca to Byzantine Empire to  sell things ­> bought new things ­> return and sell new things  ○ “Al­Amin” ~ “Trustworthy One”  ○ Average height, dark hair, pale skin  ○ At 25, a 40 year old woman(Khadijah) is a widow who asks him for marriage ­>  he says yes  ○ Had six daughters  ○ About 610 AD ~ 40 years old; begins thinking about the meaning of life in a cave  every night  ■ An angel(Gabriel) appears to him ­> sent by Allah(god) ­> says “Recite!  In the name of your lord” ~ messages from god written in bible  ○ Begins telling people there’s only one god and that Islam is the true religion ­>  only a few convert  ○ 622 AD ~ people from Medina come to him to ask him to be their leader  ■ “The Hijrah” ~ “The Move/Emigration”  ■ Muslim calendar begins in 622 AD  ○ Begins receiving political messages from god after moving  ○ Civil War ~ Mecca vs. Medina  ■ 624 AD ~ Battle of Badr  ● 900(Mecca) vs 300(Medina) ­> Medina wins; 15 die from Medina  and 70 die from Mecca 
background image ● Turning point ~ people are convinced that God must have helped  Medina ­> begin converting  ● 630 AD ~ Mohammed and men enter Mecca as conquerors  ● Destroy idols in Kaaba    4. Sharia  ○ Islamic Law ~ combination of Quran(Islamic holy book) and Hadith(sayings of  Mohammed)  ○ Divides things by those that are prohibited and those that are permitted  ○ Prohibited  ■ Alcohol ­> whipping  ■ Gambling ­> whipping  ■ Adultery ­> death  ■ Homosexuality ­> death  ■ Fornication ­> whipping  ○ Whatever leads to sin is sinful  ○ Best way to prevent adultery/fornication is gender segregation  ○ If you follow sharia, you go to heaven; if not, you go to hell  ■ Heaven = eternal delight  ■ Hell = fire 70 times hotter than the hottest fire on Earth; your skin burns  off; you can only drink smelly, burning water  ○ Say Abraham, Moses, Jesus Christ, and Peter are all Muslims 
background image ○ Believe the bible has been corrupted/altered  ○ Believe Jesus is a prophet, but not God; don’t believe in trinity; don’t believe he  was crucified or resurrected    5. Ibn Sina ~ D. 1025 AD  ○ Wrote medical encyclopedia(The Canon)  ■ 99 volumes  ■ Became dominant medical book in schools  ■ Honored God(99 names) by making it 99 volumes  ○ First to do autopsies    6. Razi ~ D. 927 AD  ○ Persian  ○ First to use stitches  ■ Prevented gangrene infection ­> pus  ■ Made from animal guts  ○ Discovered measles ~ harmless  ○ Discovered smallpox ~ looked like measles at first  ○ Could tell difference between measles and smallpox   ■ put people with smallpox in quarantine    7. Harun al­Rashid ~ R. 786 ­ 809 AD 

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School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: history and world civilization
Name: HIST 110A - Exam 3(FINAL)
Description: Professor Mark Walia
Uploaded: 08/21/2016
30 Pages 38 Views 30 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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