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Ciment Ch.3 Notes

by: Sheree Notetaker

Ciment Ch.3 Notes French 211

Sheree Notetaker
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Cover Ch. 3 material
Second Year French 1
Venne Londre
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sheree Notetaker on Monday August 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to French 211 at University of Missouri - Kansas City taught by Venne Londre in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Second Year French 1 in French at University of Missouri - Kansas City.


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Date Created: 08/22/16
Ciment Study Guide Chapter 3 1. Blacks and the American Civil War Background- We must trace the relationship between blacks and the civil war by following the measures to deal with the problem of slavery and the fight for freedom. As you will remember, hopes that the American Revolution might lead to a more equal society faded in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries with the expansion of plantations and the consolidation of slavery particularly in the South. 2. The American Revolution and a Visible Freed Black Population in the North This was one positive result of the American Revolution. What was this group’s impact on the agitation for freedom and the abolition of slavery? Let us consider their involvement in the following measures: 3. The Idea of African Colonization This idea caught on among leading whites and a few freed blacks. What was the reasoning behind this venture? Why were most freed blacks and leading abolitionists opposed to it? Why were they suspicious of it? To what extent did it materialize in the foundation of states in Africa? 4. The Abolition Movement In the 1830s the colonization idea was replaced by more radical measures to end slavery. What factors contributed to the strengths and moral influence of this movement? As an anti-slavery movement, what were the strategies of the Abolitionists? Note the ways in which the organized structures of the movement made it possible for freed slaves to disseminate slave experiences and make the moral argument against slavery. See The Narrative of Frederick Douglass’ Solomon Northrop’s Twelve Years as a Slave and Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. What political impact did the abolitionist have? The Abolitionists never managed to influence Congress enough to enact laws to abolish slavery. But what would you say was their influence prior to the Civil war? Did they have any impact on the crisis that led to the Civil War? 5. Slave and Free States and the Crisis of Representation- The Missouri Compromise What was the Missouri Compromise? What did it seek to accomplish and how did it maintain a balance of power between South and North in an earlier Congress that had been dominated by the South? 1 The entry of Texas into the Union in 1845 and the acquisition of the northern third of Mexican territory after the Mexican war had several repercussions for the expansion and retention of slavery. What were these? 6. The Settling of California and the Compromise of 1850 The discovery of gold in California in 1848 brought hundreds of thousands of settlers from the North into the Pacific Coast territory. But this settlement also carried a sense of crisis. What instigated this crisis? What were the implications for California’s decision to join the Union and why was the compromise of 1880 crucial for the legal status of slaves? Why was it crucial that California would enter the Union as a Free State? How did California’s entry into the union tilt the balance of power in the US Senate and how did Northerners respond? In what sense was the passing of the Fugitive Slave Act a concession to Southerners in Congress? How did the Dred Scot story illustrate the legal ramifications of the Fugitive Act? How did the passing of this act implicate the Federal Government in laws against runaway slaves? What were the other ramifications of this Act? How did the act implicate the entire Union of American States in slavery? Ciment argues that by 1850 many of the institutions that had bound the nation had splintered into outwardly hostile Southern and Northern wings. How was this particularly evident in the Democratic Party? How did these divisions contribute to their loss of power and to Lincoln’s winning of the Presidency? 7. The Meeting in Alabama and the birth of the Confederate States of America. Most of the states in the confederacy were slave states. Which states were these? How did Lincoln handle the crisis? What compromises did he offer to the secessionists and what were the implications for the retention of slavery? 8. The Civil War Historians see the civil war as a war to preserve the Union of American States but to what extent was the war also a war over slavery? 9. African American Soldiers in the Civil War Ciment argues that African Americans helped force emancipation by their decision to leave the plantations and enlist in the Union army. How did these events unfold? 2


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