Psychology Vocabulary Test #1
Psychology Vocabulary Test #1 Psyc 2010
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Popular in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Notetaker on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2010 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 137 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 08/23/16
Vocabulary Test #1 ***Keep in mind before studying for this test that Mrs. Daniels will be providing us with a word bank and definitions to match them with. However, while these are the definitions from the book and will help you specifically for this test, it is wise to make sure you understand the content of the vocabulary terms as well. These WILL be on the tests and final not for matching, but for the understanding of content. This vocabulary test should be an easy A if you know and understand the vocabulary! I hope these help you prepare for your test! The Story of Psychology Applied Research; Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems Bas ic Research; Pure science that aims to increase scientific knowledge base Biological Psychology; Science study of the human/animal body linked to the development of psychology in the ancient. Clin ical Psychology; A branch of psychology that studies, assesses and treats people with psychological disorders Coun s eling Psychology; A brand of psychology that assists people with problems in living conditions Cog nitive Neuroscience; The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition Critical Thinking; Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions Functionalism;Linked to W illiam James aimed to identify the evolved functions of human thoughts and feelings *Darwinism Humanistic Psychology; H istorically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth. I/O Psychology; Psychology in the workplace Nature/Nurture Issues; Nature (Born instinct). Nurture (What you’re taught from your environment) <Deals with the extent to which hereditary and the environment each influences behavior.> Natural Selection; The principle that among inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations Psychodynamic Therapy; Behavior that springs from unconscious drives and conflicts (e.x. Dre ams and their meanings >> F reudian theory) Psychiatry; A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorder Psychology; T he science of behavior and mental processes Science; The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment Structu ralism; First psychological theory, linked to T itchner, aimed to discover the mind’s structure Thinking Critically Case Study; An observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles Control Group; In an experimental the group that is not exposed to the treatment; contrasts with the experimental group and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment Correlation; A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together and thus of how well either factor predicts the other Culture; The enduring behaviors, ideas attitudes and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next Dependent Variable; The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable Experiment; A research method in investigating a manipulation in factors that affect the participants Experimental Group; In an experiments, the group that is exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variables Hindsight Bias; The tendency to believe, after learning the outcome. <Also known as the “I knew it all along” mentality> Hypothesis; A testable prediction, often implied by a theory <e.x.There is a positive correlation between the availability of hours for work and the productivity of employees> Independent Variable; The experimental factor that is manipulated- the variable whole effect is being studied Mean; The arithmetic average of a set of scores Median; The middle score in a set of scores that have been ranked in numerical order Mode; The most frequently occurring score in a data set Naturalistic Observation; Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without controlling the situation Operational Definition; A statement of the procedures used to define research variables Placebo; Effect experimental results caused by expectation alone <e.x. Telling college students in an experiment they will all be given alcohol and not telling the participants that half of them will only receive non alcoholic beverages. The placebo effect comes into place when the researchers see that the participants that were given the non alcoholic beverages, but think they are still drinking alcohol, act as if they are intoxicated> Random Sample; Assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance Range; The difference between the highest and lowest scores in distribution Theory; An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organize observations and predicts behaviors of events Action Potential; A neural impulse; brief electrical charge that travels down the axon Amygdala; Two (lima bean sized) neural clusters in the limbic system- linked to emotion Axon; The neural extension that passes messages through its branches to other neurons or to muscles/glands Central Nervous System; The brain and spinal cord *Most important and vital system Cerebellum; The “Little Brain” at the rear of the brain stem. Controls processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance
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