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test webinar

by: Whitney Martin

test webinar Test Webinar

Whitney Martin

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Test Webinar
Michaela Humby
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Whitney Martin on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Test Webinar at University of Pittsburgh taught by Michaela Humby in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


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Date Created: 08/25/16
Psych 0310 – EXTRA CREDIT PROJECT 1. Describe (in your own words) how the theory proposes that gender roles are acquired and maintained. a. Psychanalytic Theory of Gender i. Sigmund Freud had a psychosexual view that children have a sexual attraction to their parent of the opposite sex. The Psychanalytic Theory of Gender stems from this Freudian view saying that, by five to six years of age, children abandon this said “attraction” to their parent for the reason of feeling “anxious” (Santrock, 2013). The child later classifies with their parent of the same sex. In that, they unintentionally adopt the same-sex parent’s features. Today, theorist argue that children are “gender typed” way earlier than five and six years old, and they also become masculine or feminine even if the same-sex parent is not around (Santrock, 2013). b. Social Cognitive Theory of Gender i. The Social Cognitive Theory of Gender suggests that children’s development of gender role happens over the “observation and imitation” of peers and the media (Santrock, 2013). The theory also states that children develop gender from rewards and punishments of appropriate and inappropriate gender behavior. Theorist, Bronstein stresses that moms and dads intermingle with their sons and daughters differently (Santrock, 2013). For example, mothers tend to expect more respect of their daughters than their sons. Mothers also often enforce more rules on their daughter. Fathers typically tend to spend more time and effort on developing their son’s intellect than time on their daughter’s intellect (Santrock, 2013). c. Gender Schema Theory of Gender i. The Gender Schema Theory of Gender proposes that gender roles are motivated from within (Santrock, 2013). In this theory, it is said that children develop gender schemas which guide them in deciding what is and is not gender appropriate in their culture. When children are ready to “encode and organize information,” this said gender typing occurs (Santrock, 2013). It has also been studied that children as young as three years of age have stable gender schemas related to the capabilities of men and women in gender typed careers (Santrock, 2013). 2. Discuss whether the theory would suggest that TV viewing could be relevant to gender-role acquisition and/or maintenance, and if so, HOW it would play a part. If not, WHY not? a. Psychoanalytic Theory of Gender i. Being that the Psychoanalytic Theory of Gender deals with the child’s views of their parents as a basis for gender roles, I feel that TV viewing can possibly play a role in their gender-role acquisition. It states in the theory that the child renounces their feelings of attraction to the opposite-sex parent for the reason of “anxious feelings.” Maybe, they develop these anxious feelings from watching how families on television interact with each other, seeing that the child is not supposed to have feelings of sexual attraction to their parent. The theory also states that the child instinctively adapts the characteristics of the same-sex parent. This could be from being around the same-sex parent so often, but it could also be from the television shows the child engages in. For example, a little girl could be watching a family sitcom, she sees how the mother acts in the show, and begins to act this way in real life. b. Social Cognitive Theory of Gender i. I definitely believe that television watching is relevant in the Social Cognitive Theory of Gender. This theory is mainly based off of observation and imitation of peers, media, and parents. With that being said, I believe that children watching television play a big part in their gender-role acquisition. For example, when watching a television show like Kim Possible, a show about a teenage girl who saves the world, a little girl might look at Kim as a hero or someone who gives her the belief that girls are powerful and can do anything they put their minds to. Imitation and observation of the media is something that plays a big role in gender achievement because the media has different portrayals of what and how females and males should be in society. c. Gender Schema Theory of Gender i. The television of today’s culture has very high expectations and representations of the “perfect” male or female. Although, the Gender Schema Theory of Gender states that children develop their gender-role acquisition from within, children develop gender role schemas telling them what is gender appropriate in the culture that they reside in. I believe they develop these schemas from watching television. They see what society sees as a fit male or female. 3. Use specific examples from the programs you watched for the homework assignment to describe the gender roles children might acquire from watching those particular programs. a. Girl Meets World i. In the Girl Meets World episode I watched, Cory’s (the husband) best friend Sean was visiting in town to ask the love of his life to marry him. Sean got down on one knee and asked the woman to marry him, and Sean even set up the whole wedding as a surprise. Children might acquire gender roles from this in different ways. For one, children may see it as the man is supposed to get married to a woman, which today many have different views about what genders are involved in marriage. Not only that, but little girls may watch this episode, and they may think that a man is supposed to do everything for them. They may think the man is supposed to propose marriage and even plan the whole wedding leaving the female to be the submissive one and the male to be the dominant one. b. Kim Possible i. In the Kim Possible episode I observed, Kim and her sidekick, Ron, saved the world from the evil villain, Dr. Drakkan, and his sidekick, Shego. In both pairs, the female character does all the grunt work, and the male characters are always in need of help. Usually, this is the other way around. From watching this episode, children can learn multiple things about gender. For instance, little girls can see that they do not need boys to always help them, and they are very capable of doing a lot of things themselves. Boys can also see that is okay for girls to help them out in different times of need. c. Both i. In both shows, the parents play a part of being supportive and loving to their children. Children can acquire characteristics of their mother and father by seeing how parents initially act with their children, making them want to be just like “mommy or daddy.” Both shows also go with the Social Cognitive Theory and Gender Schema Theory by children observing and imitating what the media depicts, and children developing gender schemas from the television shows they are watching. 4. Include a discussion of age viewer. a. Girl Meets World i. I feel like age is not a factor in whether or when children can acquire gender roles. I feel this way because I am a twenty year old adult, and I watch this show often. I learn a lot from the life lessons the show teaches. I learn things along the lines of how a woman is supposed to be treated by a man, or even how women and men should handle certain situations. Children may learn gender acquisition from watching Girl Meets World, but I believe they can acquire it at any age. b. Kim Possible i. I feel as if age does play a factor in gender role achievement when watching Kim Possible. As stated earlier, girls can see that they can do just about anything. This view helps females feel like they can be more independent at a young age. Being twenty years old, I do not feel as if I’m learning anything new when it comes to gender appropriateness when watching this show. I know the actual reality of the Kim Possible show, and a teenage girl fighting crime is not to realistic. When I was younger watching this show, I tried to be Kim Possible all the time wanting to do things by myself and “fighting crime.”


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