Psychology 1101 Study Guide
Psychology 1101 Study Guide Psyc 1101
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by afshan lakhani on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Kara A. Dyckman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psycology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 08/25/16
Psychology 1101 Professor Dyckman Study Guide for Chapter 1 & 2 Highlight = Key Term Highlight = Important Concept Chapter 1: Introduction to Science of Psychology Psychology Scientific study of mental processes and behavior Answering Thoughts Observable questions based on and activities (all meticulous and emotions things that can methodical be observed) observations well as data analysis Psychologists scientists who work in the above fields. Conduct two major types of researches A. Basic o Focuses on what is going on and why o Goal is to gather knowledge for the sake of knowledge B. Applied o Taking the research and applying it to other things o Focuses on changing behaviors and outcomes o Goals are more practical Goals of Disciplines of Psychology 1. Describe o Report on what is being observed o Ex. What can I observe about their behavior? 2. Explain o Why the behavior is being observed? 3. Predict o Under what circumstances was the person behaving a specific way? 4. Control o Can you modify or change the behavior in some way? Roots of Psychology Plato: thought truth and knowledge exist in the sould before birth. Nature: we are who we are. Aristotle: empiricism o We know reality through perception and we learn through our experiences o Experiences shape who we are: Nurture Rene Descartes o Dualism The mind and body interact as two separate entities Both interested with each other, but both are separate Gustav Fechner o Physiological Psychology o Study of the physical ability to sense stimuli o How we get this information in and what happens once info is in our system WIllhelm Wundt o “Father of Psychology” o First research laboratory of psychology in Germany o Introspection: He would present stimuli to students, and ask what the students thought and felt while presenting the stimuli Psychology is driven by Critical Thinking: o Curiosity: make your self ask questions, wonder o Skepticism: challenge previous beliefs that make you want to find out if it were true or not. o Humility: be able to accept when your previous belief was wrong Numerology: Look for signs or expectations for behaviors Find things if you wand to but does not actually mean anything Astrology: Descriptions are so vague that one can apply to it if you want to, but does not mean it is scientific. Scientific methods Tests our theories Everyone uses this even babies A systematic way of learning things. Research Basis Variables o Anything that can change o Ex: what you measure Population o What population of people you are interested in learning about o All members of the group you are interested in Sample o Cannot give a survey to every college student or a person in a population, so take some group from a population that will do your study. o Needs to be random and representative Informed Consent o Read and sign a consent that tells you what you are going to do and the participant has the right to say no. Debriefing o The experimenter cannot tell you everything about what you are going to do, but you can ask them after the study is over. Descriptive Research (Methods) o Describe what is happening o Not trying to manipulate anything just observing what is happening o Ex. Naturalistic observation: observing animals in natural environment Laboratory Observation o Descriptive, observation o Seeing what people are doing, but in a laboratory setting o In a more controlled setting Case study o Study one person extensively
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