Midterm 2 study guide
Midterm 2 study guide HY104
Popular in History beyond 1865
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Popular in History
This 23 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Wednesday March 25, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HY104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Elmore in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 469 views. For similar materials see History beyond 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/25/15
22515 History 104 Lecture 12 online lecture Key Terms 1 FDR 2 First New Deal 3 FDIC 4 GlassSteagall Act 5 PWA 6 FHA 7 Challenge to Liberty 8 Huey P Long 9 Father Coughlin Central Questions 1 What problems in the economy did New Deal programs specifically address Economy in the 1930 s I The Economy goes bust in 1928 a Hoover s Inaction i Starts pushing for a stimulus package In 1932 ii Too late 11 Franklin Delano Roosevelt Promises New Deal in Election of 1932 a FDR Democratic candidate 1932 i Prior to 1931 no one would have thought he would be president 1 Struck with polio in 1921 paralyzed from the waist down ii Governor of New York 19281930 iii Elected to office for four consecutive terms iv Seen as the Great Experimenterquot b First New Deal increase government spending i Willing to work with big business ii Immediate action 1 Bank Holiday a Closed the banks so they can recover b Banking emergency act gives cash to failing banks with federal action 2 FDIC Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation a Government insures a certain percentage of deposited funds b 1933 3 GlassSteagall Act 1933 a Commercial banks cannot act as investment banks b They need to be separated from securities firms c Repealed in 1999 Crash onOOOs d Created Stability 4 PWA public works administration a Programs to create jobs b Build streets schools hospitals c Getting people back to work d TVA Tennessee valley authority i Create damns in the valleys e Drive the economy in the south a Federal housing authority b Cheap housing oppourtunities c Makes it easier for people to get loans to buy homes c Roosevelt Faces criticism i People don t like the governments expansion of power ii The Challenge to Liberty 1 Written by Herbert Hoover after leaving office 2 3 4 Talks about how Roosevelt is creating government dependency Says FDR is taking away peoples freedoms Doesn t think the government should be trying to fix things iii Huey Long 1 2 3 4 Democratic party member for Louisiana Wants to fight for the little manquot Supports FDR in 1932 by 1934 believes FDR is a corrupt Republican Brutal politician had his own mafia a Wasn t afraid of doing things in a slightly illegal way Supported public education a Basically built LSU Believes in Share the Wealthquot a Creates the Share the Wealth society i Believes everyone should have a house and a car ii Wanted to cap wealth in the United States iv Father Charles Coughlin 1 2 3 Catholic preist from Detroit Progressive populist wants the government to be involved Helped get FDR elected S a Calls him the great betrayer and liar by 1934 Hosts a radio show Power Hourquot FDR wouldn t let him in his cabinet Coughlin felt betrayed Anti semetic problematic extremist 3215 History 104 Lecture 13 Key Terms Great Plow Up Enlarged Homestead Act Dust Bowl CCC AAA soil conservation and domestic allotment act Second New Deal WPA Social Security Act of 1935 9 Wagner Act of 1935 and C10 10 Election of 1936 11 Court Packing 12 Fair Labors Act PONP SJ39erSNNtquot Central Questions 1 How did the second new deal differ from the first new deal Broadcast Orson Welles War of the Worldsquot October 30 1938 America is on edge The Second New Deal 1 Conservation and the new deal a First new deal i Build houses ii Create jobs iii Restore the economy iv The enlarged homestead act 1 Encouraged farmers to move to the plain states 2 Given 360 acre plots of land if they were farmed for five years the people could keep the land b The Dust bowl i America encouraged people to move west 1 The rain will follow the plowquot c The great plow up of the 1910s and 19205 i Wet season ii Huge farms mostly wheat 1 Fed soldiers during WWI 2 Prices skyrocketed d Droughts of the 19305 i Dirt and Mud dries up into dust ii Huge dust storms form 1 1 3 of states are lifted up and blown away II III IV 2 Large amounts of children die from struggling to breathe 3 Huge in ux in asthma 4 Dust traveled from Kansas to the Atlantic ocean 1930s New Deal Agriculture Programs a Emergency relief appropriation act of 1935 i 525 million in drought relief 1 Provided basic amenities to farmers 2 Killed excess cattle to prevent stirring up dust and for food b Soil conservation service created in 1935 c Civilian Conservation Corps of 1933 i Planted trees out west as wind breakersquot ii Young 20 year old city boys were brought to work for the government and sent money home to their families d Resettlement administration 19351936 i Forced people to move away from the plain states ii Many people resisted so the act didn t last e Works Progress Administration WPA 1935 i Provided Iobs ii Employed over 25 of America 1 Up to 80 of citizens in some places iii People didn t want to do it but they needed a paycheck f Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 i Declared Unconstitutional g Soil Conservation and Domestic allotment act i Loan money to farmers to reduce farming production and amount of crops on the market h These programs only benefitted large farms not small farms i Farmers used extra money to buy tractors and machines which in turn caused them to lay off workers Why wasn t there another dust bowl a Rain returned 1939 dust bowl ended b Drought returned in early 1950s until late 1950s i Irrigation 1 Ogallala Aquifer ii Better farming technologies The second New Deal a Iobs Works Progress Administration b Creating freedom from fear security c Social Security Act of 1935 i Funded by taxes from employers and employees ii Offered retirement pensions disability and unemployment d Wagner Act of 1935 i National Labor relations board 1 Oversaw union elections ii Outlawed firing people who joined unions iii Promoted working class rights iv Congress of Industrial Organizations C10 formed 1935 1 Union that included skilled and unskilled workers v 9 million people were union members by 1939 V Election of 1936 a FDR kicked ass i Claimed victory in all but two states Vermont and maine 1 608 ofthe popular vote 2 Even beat out a Kansas governor in Kansas ii The democratic party becomes the party of the working class and the minorities 3415 History 104 Lecture 14 Online lecture Key Terms 1 Nazi Party 2 Munich Agreement 3 Sudetenland 4 Kristallnacht 5 Neutrality Acts 6 Invasion of Poland 1939 7 Pearl Harbor Central Questions 1 What led America to join the fight in World War 11 Pearl Harbor and World War II I The New deal comes to an end in 1938 a Social security went into effect in 1937 pulling cash out of the economy b FDR believed the economy is back on track and begins to pull funds away from the government job organizations he created c Recession hits in 1937 and 1938 d Did not end economic depression but resulted in i ii iii iv v vi Minimum wage fair labor standards act 1938 First law banning child labor in certain industries Creation of millions of jobs that kept families alive Built dams streets and schools Social security Legal protection for laborers e Did the new deal work i ii Some say no because it didn t end the depression Some say yes because it resulted in so many other positive programs 11 World War II a Adolph Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany 1933 1 ii iii iv V Leader of the national socialist German workers party Nazi Fascist radically authoritarian government Wants a racially pure powerful nation Benito Mussolini takes over power in Italy 1 Formed and alliance with Germany in 1936 Francisco Franco takes power in Spain 1936 1 Anti socialist b Hitler wants a unified Germany Invades Austria in 1938 i Wants to unite all the German speaking people of the world III IV VI ii About 30 percent of Austria was ethnic German speaking iii No one acts for fear of another world war c Hitler wants to take over the last democracy in western Europe Sudetenland western Czechoslovakia d Munich Agreement 1938 i Agree to let Hitler take the land he already took but he can t territorially expand more than that e Hitler s Aggression Rises i Started to assault Iews ii Kristillnacht November 9th 1938 1 Nazis destroyed the synagogues 2 The night of broken glassquot 3 Began rounding up Jews and families and sending them to concentration camps The United States Choose Neutrality a FDR writes the neutrality acts in 1935 and 1936 i States that we will not send troops or aid ii We will also cease trade with the brutality nations Germany Invades Poland a September 1939 b Britain and France defend Poland c Italy allies with Germany d Germans push through Belgium and Luxemburg to get to France i British retreat at Dunkirk ii France Falls June 22 1940 iii Humiliating defeat for the allied forces FDR approved LendLease act of 1941 a FDR secures third term in office i People like him for staying out of the war b Lend lease acts say we will lend weapons to the allies Japan and Pearl Harbor America Goes to War a Japan is expanding into china and Thailand b America will no longer trade Japan the supplies they need to build their ships c FDR moves the pacific eet from California to Hawaii to keep an eye on Japanese expansion d December 7 1941 Iapan surprise attack Pearl Harbor i 2400 Americans killed ii 18 war ships were sunk iii Congress declares war on December 8th iv Iapan allies with the axis powers e US is now at war with Germany Italy and Japan f Operation Torch begins in fall of 1942 i Allied forces come up through Africa to attack Germany from the south ii Lead by Dwight D Eisenhower g Battle of Stalingrad February 1943 i Russians finally are able to push the Germans back from deep in their lines ii Over 1 million Russian casualties in this battle alone iii Russia wants US to created a western front h DDay June 6 1944 i Operation overlord to storm Normandy beach 3915 History 104 Lecture 15 Key Terms 1 1 Pearl Harbor 2 Operation Torch 3 Selective Service Act of 1940 4 Office of Price Administration 5 War Production Board 6 Rosie the Riveter 7 Brancero Contracts 8 Harry Truman Central Questions 1 How did the war reshape America on the home front Pearl Harbor and America at War I Pearl Harbor a December 7 1941 b Japan had been trying to expand into china and Indochina under emperor Hirohito in the 19305 i They began to be very aggressive towards these Asian nations ii FDR suspended their fuel sale to japan in 1941 iii FDR moves naval eets to Oahu 1 Japan takes this as an act of aggression c Iapan very secretly plans an attack on the island of Oahu i We can see the massive eets begin to leave japan two weeks prior ii How did we not see this attack coming 1 It was seen on radar at 7 am and the superiors said not to worry about it 2 A Japanese submarine was sank outside the harbor and they still were not concerned 3 Washington had been alerted but by the time the news go to Hawaii it was too late d Iapan signs an ally agreement with Germany and Italy in 1940 II The United States is Transformed by war a Government Expansion i Selective service act of 1940 1 Allows for a peace time draft 2 Every man between 18 and 35 must register to be drafted 3 10 million men are drafted during WWII and 6 million men volunteer ii Revenue Act of 1942 1 Increases taxes on the wealthy iii 2 Widened the range of those who have to pay income tax War production board and office of price administration 1 2 Agencies that manage the American economy Creates contracts with big businesses to build military machines a Auto companies were producing bombers Controls who gets what materials so we don t run out a Rationing programs Leads to a military industrial contract a Companies make a lot of money from the government and these new tasks Coke fuels the troops a Generals were writing in to the government saying they needed more coke production Pepsi complains that they want contracts c 56 bottling plants were built overseas during the war d 200000 bottles of coke per day Cigarettes were seen as a necessity for troops Propaganda posters asking consumers to give up basic things to support the troops a Sugar b Coffee c Gas i If you ride alone you ride with hitlerquot b New technologies The allure of synthetics i ii iii Synthetic rubber 1 BF Goodrich 2 Made rubber from chemicals instead of trees Synthetic caffeine 1 Monsanto company 2 Made from coal tar New chemical pesticides such as DDT 1 Used to eliminate insects and pests effecting troops 2 Killed ies ticks and mosquitos 3 Very harmful to the environment 4 Evidence that it contributes to cancer and birth defects 5 Restricted by 1972 c Economy booms and depression ends Unemployment rates decline d Women and Minorities during wartime 39 Rosie the Riveter Increase in women s participation in factory work Working at home to produce goods for the troops 6 million women are employed during the war Most over the age of 35 i 1 ii iii iv v vi vii Viii Women are encouraged by the government to work for the war effort Large rates of Mexican immigration encouraged by the government 1 Needed people to work in farms and produce food 2 350000 Mexicans will serve in the war Black Americans are beginning to gain jobs because factories needjobs 1 75 increase in factory workers being black 31115 History 104 Lecture 16 Key terms Double V A Philip Randolph Internment of Japanese Americans DDay VE day Yalta Conference Harry Truman Manhattan Project PONP SJ39erSNNtquot A Philip Randolph is an identification question on the next test W I The United States is transformed by war a Minorities during the war i Blacks 1 15 million black Americans registered to serve a About 1 million served 2 The forces were segregated a Many blacks served in kitchens and factories 3 Double V campaign a Victory overseas and Victory at home b Blacks were fighting for democracy in other countries and wanted freedom back home 4 NAACP went from 70000 members to 500000 members during the campaign 5 A Philip Randolph a Proposed the original March on Washington 1941 i March never happened ii Forced FDR to issue executive order 8802 creating the fair employment practices committee b President of the Brotherhood of sleeping car porters ii Japanese Americans 1 Placed in relocation and resettlement camps a Over 100000 japanese americans were relocated i 23 were legal US citizens b Executive order 9066 II III 2 People thought Japanese were spies because of Pearl Harbor Western Front a DdayIune 6 1944 i Commander Dwight D Eisenhower worked with the British ii Stormed Normandy beach iii 10000 allied forces died iv Allied forces came out successful b Bloodiest battle i Battle of the bulge c VE day Victory in Europe i Germany surrenders ii May 8 1945 d Holocaust exposed i Many US troops were relocated to help in the concentration camps and get people out ii 6 million jews were killed 1 And 4 million other the Nazis just didn t like iii The US took in about 8500 jews annually during the war 1 Could they have done more iv Hitler and his wife committed suicide April 30 1945 The first meetings to establish New World Order a Yalta Conference i FDR 1 In his 4th term basically dying ii Joseph Stalin Soviet Union iii Winston Churchill Great Britain b Divide Germany and Berlin into parts to be controlled by the US Great Britain and the Soviet Union Russia Agreed to support the US against Iapan Creation of the United Nations e What they didn t agree on i How severely to blame Germany and how much to make them pay ii Russia wanted most of the reparations 1 Fought longer 2 Higher casualty rate 3 Wanted 20 billion 99 32315 History 104 Lecture 17 Key Terms 1 Okinawa 2 Manhattan Project 3 Iron Curtain 4 Truman Doctrine 5 Marshall Plan 6 Fair Deal 7 Dixiecrats 8 HUAC 9 Ioseph McCarthy 101KE Central Questions 1 How did fear of communist expansion overseas reshape America at home Communism and American Politics in the 1940 s and early 1950 s 1 Harry S Truman in office a Harry S Truman becomes president April 1945 i FDR died Truman took over 1 Only had one meeting together before hand ii Originally a senator from Missouri b Particularly concerned with Iapan i Doesn t want to go to full out war ii Series of Naval battles getting closer to Iapan s mainland c Okinawa i Battle April Iune 1945 ii America is trying to take the island 1 japan is fiercely defending it 2 Iapanese soldiers are willing to commit suicide instead of surrendering iii The three month long battle gave Truman time to think about the next move 1 Do we really want to invade japan 2 Will cost millions of Americans lives d Iapan continues to push towards war US decided to drop the A bomb i The Manhattan project Trinity test Iuly 16 1945 Based in Los Alamos New Mexico Top Secret project 100000 people worked on it Began work in 1942 Cost 2 billion in federal funds STUPSNNH 6 Manhattan based cavalry overseeing the project hence its name 7 Scientists a German b United States i 1 Robert Oppenheimer 1 Director 2 From Berkley 3 Regrets the creation years later ii Hiroshima 1 Enola gay dropped little boyquot abomb August 6 1945 2 70000 people instantly died iii Nagasaki 1 Dropped August 8 1945 2 40000 people instantly dead 3 200000 people later died from cancer and other issues related to the radiations emitted from the bombs iv VI day victory in Japan 1 Japan surrendered 2 August 14 1945 3 Officially signed armistice September 2 1945 11 Fear of Communism on the rise in America 19461950 a USSR and US relations sour as the cold war begins i Cold war no actual battle occurs ii February 1946 Stalin claims capitalism will collapse ad the soviet union is going to spread communism all over iii March 1946 Winston Churchill claims the soviet union put up an iron curtain separating the democratic west from the communist east b Truman Doctrine and policy of containment i George Kennan 1 US foreign officer in Moscow 2 Wrote telegram to Truman stating we need a policy of containment against communism a Soviets plan to take over ii Truman Doctrine 1 March 12 1947 2 Preventing the soviet union from spreading communism a We will intervene with any means necessary if the US feels its appropriate c The Marshall Plan i Proposed by secretary of state George C Marshall ii June 5 1947 iii Wanted to give money to poverty stricken eastern European countries 1 These countries were easy targets for the soviets iv 13 billion dollars were given to them v Allowed for US companies to begin to infiltrate Europe d USSR successfully tests Atomic bomb 1949 i Scared the hell out of the US e The fall of China i Mao TseTung Zedong takes over ii China becomes communist f North Korea invades South Korea in 1950 i North Korea is backed by the soviets ii US senator Douglas MacArthur to head UN forced to push back North Korea iii Beginning of Korean War 1950 III Fear of communism abroad shapes politics at home a Fair Deal i Create health insurance ii Increase minimum wage iii Expand social securitypublic housing b Largely Republican congress i Wants less involved government c Labor strike 1946 i Turns people off of labor unions ii Veterans need work d People believe big government is like communism e Election of 1948 i Truman creates commission against segregation 1 July 1948 integrates the military 2 Civil rights becomes part of the democratic party platform ii Third party creation dixiecrats 1 Southern democrats against civil rights 2 Strough Thurman for President 3 Harding Walker for Vice President 4 Wanted complete segregation iii Dixiecrats won several southern states iv Thomas E Dewy republican won several of the northern states 1 Senator from New York with VP candidate from Cali a Didn t win California v Truman barely won the election 1 Chicago tribune preprinted a paper with the title Dewy defeats Trumanquot f House unAmerican Activities Committee HUAC i Go after people who are believed to be communist ii Originally around to seek Nazis in the 1930s iii Fewer than 50000 citizens belong to the communist party iv Hysteria is driven by international issues g Hollywood ten i Actors and directors in Hollywood were sought out as communists ii Ten people joined together and refused to attend their hearings iii Ronald Regan began turning in people who he thought to be communist 1 First political move h Rise of McCarthyism i Ioseph McCarthy 1 Politician from Wisconsin ii Claimed to have a list of 200 government workers who were actually communist spies iii People thought he was promoting hysteria iv Witch huntquot for communists Legacies of WWII Iumpstarted the American economy and helped pull the nation out of great depression Created and expanded a military industrial complex that would grow in the years ahead Brought to the fore racial tension in the US and stimulated the birth of modern civil rights movements Challenged gender boundaries Ushered in a new atomic age where the threat of nuclear was would shape both the foreign and domestic policy 32515 History 104 Lecture 18 Key Terms IKE Checker s Speech The Af uent Society Federal Highway GIB FHA TV Beat Generation Sputnik QWNQWrPSNNt Central Questions 1 How did the government fuel American consumer culture in the 19505 American Consumer Culture 1 We like IKE Election of 1952 a Dwight D Eisenhower for president i Republican candidate ii Super popular throughout the whole country b Richard Nixon for vice president i People think he is a crook ii Thought he was using public funds for personal use iii Presents first widespread TV speech Checker s Speech 1 Explained that he wasn t a crook 2 Someone gave him a dog and he kept it because he was a dog lover 3 This made people believe in him again 11 What did America look like in the 19505 a The af uent society Big stats i Huge increase in the population 1 Baby boomers 2 Miracle drugs penicillin antibiotics contribute to rising population rates ii Gross National Product GNP more than doubles in the 19505 iii Unemployment is extremely low iv First Credit card is available in 1950 1 The diner club card 2 American express opens in 1958 b Automobile Culture in the 19505 i 7 million cars sold in 1955 alone 1 80 of families own a car by 1966 2 14 owned two or more ii Causes a rise in suburban development iii The beginning of fast food 1 First McDonalds in California in 1948 iv Federal Highway act of 1956 1 25 billion over 12 years to build 40000 miles of highway a Funding came from taxes on gas and tires b Builds a great revenue cycle 2 Wanted to build them to have faster transportation for troops 3 Spread out the population in fear of an atomic attack c Suburbia i Not possible without Highways ii GI Bill Servicemen s readjustment act of 1944 1 Helped provide veterans funds for school and to get low interest loans for housing 2 Over 4 million loans were given out 3 Over 1 million veterans went to college making up half of the collegiate population iii Federal housing Administration FHA 1 Helped people get low interest loans from private banks 2 Guaranteed federal insurance to private banks to provide preapproved loans 3 Both republicans and democrats were a fan of the program because of the government was helping but it was through the private sectors 4 Only backed loans for predominately white neighborhoods a Legally blacks and minorities were covered by these programs but local relators prevented them from bidding on homes b 98 of people in suburbs were white by mid 1960 s iv Suburbia and restriction of women s freedoms 1 Unpatriotic for women to take jobs from veterans 2 Women s proper place was in the home 3 Women s employment in factories dropped from 25 to 6 by the end ofthe 1950s III The golden age of television a 17 people owned TVs in 1946 i Over 50 million owned them by the end of the 1950s IV Youth Rebellion against Conservative Culture a Rock N Roll i Elvis 1 Hip shaking crazy hair 2 Challenge conservative culture b The best generation of writers i Jack Kerouac 1 Drugs sex and jazz 2 Traveled and did cool city stuffquot 3 Wrote a book On the Roadquot in 1957 a Mixing with races b Experiencing drugs and sex 4 In uenced teenagers V Eisenhower reelected 1956 and the Cold war continues a Soviet Union Space Program i Sputnik I 1957 1 First Artificial satellite ii Sputnik II 1 Sent Laika the dog into space b Time magazine claimed that the Soviets were ahead of us because of our education system March 1958 History 104 Midterm 2 Study Guide Key Terms Marcus Garvey 18th Amendment Red Scare Return to Normalcy Calvin Coolidge Herbert Hoover Black Tuesday Great Depression FDR 10 First New Deal 11 GlassSteagall Act 12 PWA 13 FHA 14 Challenge to Liberty 15 Huey P Long 16 Father Coughlin 17 Great Plow Up 18 Enlarged Homestead Act 19 Dust Bowl 20 CCC 21 AAA soil conservation and domestic allotment act 22 Second New Deal 23 WPA 24 Social security Act of 1935 25 Wagner Act of 1935 and C10 26 Election of 1936 27 Court Packing 28 Fair Labors Act 29 Nazi Party 30 Munich Agreement 31 Sudentenland 32 Kristallnacht 33 Neutrality Acts 34 Invasion of Poland 1939 35 Pearl Harbor 36 Operation Torch 37 Selective Service Act of 1940 38 Office of Price Administration 39 War Production Board 40 Rosie the Riveter 41 Brancero Contracts 42 Harry S Truman FPONP P39MPSNNP 43 Double V 44 A Philip Randolph 45 Internment of Japanese Americans 46 Dday 47 VE day 48 Yalta Conference 49 Manhattan Project 50 Okinawa 51 Manhattan Project 52 Iron Curtain 53 Truman Doctrine 54 Marshall Plan 55 Fair Deal 56 Dixiecrats 57 HUAC 58 Joseph McCarthy 59 IKE 60 Checker s Speech 61 The Af uent Society 62 Federal Highway 63 GIB 64 FHA 65 TV 66 Beat Generation 67 Sputnik Central Questions 1 What caused the Great Depression What problems in the economy did New Deal programs specifically address How did the second New deal differ from the first New Deal What led America to join the fight in WWII How did the war reshape America on the home front How did fear of communist expansion overseas reshape America at home How did the government fuel American consumer culture in the 1950 s NP P39erSNN A Philip Randolph is an ID on the test
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