New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Study Guide Chapter 1-2

by: nerdybirdie18

Study Guide Chapter 1-2 Biology 111

Illinois Central College
GPA 3.2

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Study Guide for Chapter 1-2
Biology of Man
Michael Oliver
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Biology of Man

Popular in Life Science

This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by nerdybirdie18 on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biology 111 at Illinois Central College taught by Michael Oliver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Biology of Man in Life Science at Illinois Central College.

Similar to Biology 111 at Illinois Central College


Reviews for Study Guide Chapter 1-2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/27/16
Biology 111: The Biology of Man | Michael Oliver Study Guide: Chapter 1: Biology of Life Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life 1) The smallest (most basic) unit of life that can function independently is __________________. A. an atom B. an organism C. a cell D. a molecule 2) What are the five characteristics of Life? 1. __________________________________ 2. __________________________________ 3. __________________________________ 4. __________________________________ 5. __________________________________ 3) All cells contain membrane-bound structure that has a specific function within a cell known as an organelle. A. False B. True 4) A collection ofspecialized cells functioning in coordinated fashion are called __________________. A. organelles B. organ systems C. tissues D. organs 5) Organs connected physically or chemically that function together are called _____________________. A. tissue B. organ systems C. organelles D. molecules 6) The concept that all life is cellular and all organisms are made up of one or more cells is known as ____________________ ______________________. 7) A group of the same species of organism living in the same place and time is a(n) ______________. A. Community B. Ecosystem C. Biosphere D. Population 8) The living and nonliving components of an area are called the _________________________. A. Ecosystem B. Population C. Biosphere D. Community 9) A quality that results from interactions of a system’s components is called ____________________ ____________________. 10) Autotrophic organisms that use inorganic sources of energy and carbon (nonliving sources) are known as _______________________. A. Producers B. Consumers C. Decomposers 11) Heterotrophic organisms that obtain energy and nutrients from waste and dead organisms (inorganic sources) are known as _________________________. A. Producers B. Consumers C. Decomposers 12) Heterotrophic organism that uses organic sources of energy and carbon (living or dead sources) are known as _____________________. A. Producers B. Consumers C. Decomposers 13) When genetic information only comes from one parent, and all offspring are (nearly) identical, this is called _________________________. A. Asexual Reproduction B. Cloning C. Sexual Reproduction D. None of the above 14) The process by which a cell or organism maintains its constant internal environment is called ____________________. A. Homeostasis B. Equilibrium C. Photosynthesis D. Evolution 15) The process by which individuals with certain inherited characteristics contribute more offspring to the next generation than do individuals lacking those characteristics is called _____________________. A. Evolution B. Natural Selection C. Reproductively D. Adaption 16) Inherited characteristics or behavior that enables an organism to survive and reproduce successfully in its environment is called ____________________________. A. Evolution B. Natural Selection C. Fitness D. Adaption 17) Taxonomy is the biological science of naming and classifying organisms. A. False B. True 18) A genus is a group of anatomically similar populations able to interbreed and produce fertile offspring. A. False B. True 19) Which of the following is the correct scientific name for humans? A. homo sapiens B. Homo sapiens C. Homo Sapiens D. Homo sapiens 20) List the three (3) domains each species is categorized by. 1. ________________________________ 2. ________________________________ 3. ________________________________ 21) Algae are protists that are autotrophic (photosynthesize food). A. False B. True 22) Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus (membrane around DNA). A. False B. True 23) Archaea have no nucleus in cells and are multicellular. A. False B. True 24) A cell that lacks a nucleus and other membrane-bounded organelles is called __________________________. 25) An organism that produces organic molecules by acquiring carbon from inorganic sources is called a(n) ____________________________. 26) What are the four (4) main animal groups? 1. ________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________ 27) Protists are eukaryotic organisms that are not plants, fungi, or animals. A. False B. True 28) All organisms in the kingdom Fungi are multicellular. A. False B. True 29) A biochemical reaction that enables organisms to harness sunlight energy to manufacture organic molecules (Sun + H2O + CO2) is called ________________________________. 30) Plants are always autotrophs. A. False B. True 31) A systematic approach to understanding the natural world based on evidence and testable hypothesis is the ______________________________ ______________________________. 32) List the steps of the Scientific Method. 1. _____________________________________ 2. _____________________________________ 3. _____________________________________ 4. _____________________________________ 33) A hypothesis is a proves a scientific experiment. A. False B. true 34) An untested idea and tentative explanation for something based on one or more observations is called a(n) __________________________________. A. Experiment B. Hypothesis C. Observation D. Theory 35) A gardener is testing the effect of fertilizer on plants, match each variable to its part in the experiment. 1. the plants that do not receive fertilizer __________ A. Independent Variable 2. the type of seed/ plant used __________ B. Dependent Variable 3. the size of the plants _________ C. Standardized Variable 4. the amount of fertilizer applied __________ D. Control 36) A theory is well-supported scientific explanation. A. False B. True 37) An inert substance used as an experimental control is called a(n) ___________________________. 38) The practical application of scientific knowledge is _____________________________________. 39) An evaluation of scientific results by experts before publication in a journal is called a(n) _______________. A. Sample Size B. Placebo C. Peer Review D. Experiment 40) The number of subjects in each experimental group are called the _____________________. 41) What are the basic units of measurement? 1. _____________________________________ 2. _____________________________________ 3. _____________________________________ 4. _____________________________________ 42) A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means into other substances is a(n) _______________. A. Matter B. Element C. Bulk Element D. atom 43) The number of protons in the nucleus is called the ____________________. A. atomic number B. atomic weight C. atomic mass number D. trace element 44) What are the four (4) most abundant bulk elements? 1. _______________________________ 2. _______________________________ 3. _______________________________ 4. _______________________________ 45) A negatively charged particle that orbit’s the atom’s nucleus is called a(n) ________________. A. electrons B. neutrons C. neurons D. protons 46) The nucleus of an atom is the membrane-bounded sac that contains DNA molecules in a eukaryotic cell. A. False B. True 47) Any of the forms of an element, each having a different number of neutrons in the nucleus is called a(n) ____. A. molecule B. ion C. isotope D. atom 48) Atoms are most stable when outer shells have no vacancies. A. False B. True 49) The outermost occupied energy shell of an atom is called a(n) ____________________. A. orbitals B. energy shell C. electronegativity D. valence shell 50) An atom’s tendency to attract electrons is called a(n) _______________________. A. electronegativity B. chemical bond C. energy shell D. covalent bond 51) A hydrogen bond is a type of chemical bond in which two atoms share electrons. A. False B. True 52) An attraction between oppositely charged ions (transfer of electrons between one atom to another) is called a(n) ________________________. A. chemical bond B. covalent bond C. ionic bond D. hydrogen bond 53) Cohesion is the tendency of water molecules to stick to one another, due to hydrogen bonding between water molecules. A. False B. True 54) Water dissolves hydrophobic solutes. A. False B. True 55) A chemical in which other substances dissolve is __________________. A. Solute B. Solvent C. Solution D. Product 56) The most acidic solution is ____________________. A. H+ concentration of 12 B. H+ concentration of 1 C. pH of 7 D. higher OH- concentration than H+ concentration 57) What are the four (4) main types of categories of organic molecules 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ 4. ___________________________________ 58) A monomer is a single unit of a carbohydrate, protein, or nucleic acid. A. False B. True 59) The monomers of protein are amino acids. A. False B. True 60) Cholesterol stabilizes molecules in animal cell membranes. A. False B. True 61) Lipids are hydrophobic and energy-rich. A. False B. True 62) Identify the test for the presence of each. 1. starch _________________ A. Benedict’s reagent 2. sugar __________________ B. Iodine 3. protein _________________ C. Biuret


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.