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UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA AT LAFAYETTE / Science / POLS 220 / Why are states important in international relations?

Why are states important in international relations?

Why are states important in international relations?

Description

School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Science
Course: World Politics
Professor: Bryan frost
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Comparative Politics, Sovereignty, Territoriality, and state
Cost: 25
Name: POLS 220- Week 1 Notes
Description: These notes are part of what will be covered on the first test.
Uploaded: 08/28/2016
3 Pages 39 Views 2 Unlocks
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Terms and Concepts


Why are states important in international relations?



Class #1

Comparative Politics:

- The critical study and evaluation of the similarities and differences among and between political  systems and/or among and between parts or aspects of those systems  

o Example

▪ Do liberal democracies go to war?

∙ Yes

o Do liberal democracies go to war against one another?

▪ No

- Compares and contracts different political systems  

- One of many subfields (areas of concentrations)

o Example:

▪ Public policies, public administration, American politics

- No other subfield have their principle task as comparative politics


What are the subfields of political science?



- Closest subfield to comparative politics is international relations (IR)

o International relations is interested in how political structures affect the conduct of  foreign policy

▪ Dictatorship (does not have to consult public opinion)

o International relations is interested in how states interact international (world stage)  ▪ Not concerned about the structure (comparative politics) but how they interact - Political philosophy We also discuss several other topics like Why did the king and queen of spain agree to finance his trips?

o Aristotle  

▪ First comparative political scientist

▪ Collected constitutions and wrote about them

o Theme: the best way of life/ the best regime (political order)


What can you compare in comparative politics?



- Overlaps with other subfields but primary focus is in different political regimes and hwo they  can be compare

- What can you compare in comparative politics?

o Certain kinds of government  

o Certain kinds of political parties

o Various institutions (executive, legislature)

o Various elections, primaries

o Policy issues  

▪ Healthcare

o Virtually endless

- Small number of different kinds of states that are emblamtic in the world

o Great Britain

▪ Parliament

o France

▪ Semi- presidential  

o China

▪ Last communist state in existence today We also discuss several other topics like Give me an example of social structure.

By doing the above we will be able to develop ideas, concepts, theories, a common vocabulary that is  generally or universally true about political systems other than the United States

State: 

- A form of political organization that include the necessary offices and institutions for  government and which possess sovereignty and territoriality  

- Government  

- Economy (mechanism of exchange)

- Territoriality  

- People

o culture

- Sovereignty  

o Enforcer

Territoriality: 

- The political unit in question has a geographical perimeter 

o Some sort of boundary (borders)

o Has land it can call its own  We also discuss several other topics like Why do we have constitutions?

- No land=no state

Sovereignty: 

- Synonyms: autonomy, independence

- The political unit or state is autonomous or independent within its own borders o Two aspects to be a FULLY sovereign state Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between chemical changes and chemical properties?

▪ External Autonomy (from without) 

∙ The state is NOT subservient to any other state

∙ Makes its own decisions based on what it wants

o Can be influenced  

▪ Example:

∙ Canada and US

∙ Army  

▪ Internal Control and Order (from within) 

∙ Max Weber

o German sociologist

▪ A monopoly (state)on the use of legitimate violence  

(police)

∙ None in cold war  

o Two applications of Sovereignty  

▪ Juridical- de juro 

∙ Of or pertaining to law 

o Legal concept  

▪ Sovereignty as a juridical concept

∙ Is the state legally recognized as a state by other states? If you want to learn more check out What does hydrogen shell mean?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are nutrients?

o Palestine, Cuba (Castro was a communist), Iran (American  

hostages), Taiwan-> not juridical (not recognized by China or US  but Central American countries do)

▪ Legal recognition (how to express approval or disapproval of a country) of a  country is a way another country can express their dislike or approval of a  country

∙ United Nations (NOT perfect)

o Have legal recognition by most other countries  

▪ How does a country recognize another country as sovereignty? ∙ Exchange ambassadors

▪ Empirical de factor 

∙ Does it actually make its decisions (internal and external control) ∙ Does the country have sovereignty despite its status of Juridical-de jure o Example Cuba

▪ Had Castro

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