DANC 260 Winder TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE
DANC 260 Winder TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE DANC 260
Long Beach State
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Natalie Wong on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to DANC 260 at California State University Long Beach taught by Brooke Winder in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Functional Anatomy for the Dancer in Dance at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
DANC 260 – Test 1 Study Guide Natalie Wong Ch 1: The Skeletal System and Its Movements 1. List the 4 types of tissues of the body A)_______________________________ B)________________________________ C)_______________________________ D)________________________________ 2. Match the above tissue types with their functions: Tissue Function (letter) cells that fit closely together to form membranes that cover and line surfaces of the body or form glands characterized by ability to contract or produce tension to bind, support, or protect structures characterized by ability to contract 3. Tissues are organized in __________________ and ____________________. 4. The structure in bone that provides tensile strength. __________________________ 5. Collagen Fibers provide _____________________ strength. 6. List the functions of bone. _______________________________ _____________________________ _______________________________ _____________________________ _______________________________ 7. Name the type of bone based on the example given. Ischium _______________________ Ribs __________________________ Scapulae _______________________ Patella __________________________ Carpals _______________________ Fibula __________________________ Phalanges _______________________ Vertebrae ________________________ Femur _______________________ Metatarsals _______________________ 8. A _____________________ bone is formed within muscles or tendons. Its function is to ______________________________________________________________. 9. Label the long bone. DANC 260 – Test 1 Study Guide Natalie Wong B A D G F H E C A B 10. This bone development is used for growth in the length of long bones. __________________________________________________ 11. ____________________________________ is when new bone is put down in the deep layer of the periosteum while resorbed in the endosteum to increase the girth/circumference of long bones. 12. Define Wolff’s Law. 13. The term for loss of bone strength. __________________________ 14. What human population (hint: gender) is most susceptible to the above condition? ________ 15. Who is included in the female athlete triad? ___________________________ _________________________________ _______________________________ 16. Define stress fracture. 17. Name the type of joint with the example given Intervertebral Disc _________________ Middle Radioulnar __________________ Knee _________________ Epiphyseal Plate __________________ Sutures of the Skull _________________ Hip __________________ 18. Match the following synovial joint structure with its function: Articular Cartilage a. reduces friction; shock absorption Ligaments b. lined with synovial membrane; stability Fibrocartilage Disc c. decrease stress; shock absorption Retinaculum d. link bone to bone; stability Bursa e. shock absorption DANC 260 – Test 1 Study Guide Natalie Wong Joint Capsule f. covering around tendons to reduce friction between tendons Tendon Sheath g. Band that functions to anchor tendons Fat Pad h. Sacs of synovial membrane that help reduce friction 19. Name the type of synovial joint and the number of axes (numerical value and paired term) it has based on the joint given. Joint Name Synovial Joint Type # of Axes Acromioclavicular Joint ______________________ __________________ Elbow Joint ______________________ __________________ Knuckles ______________________ __________________ Shoulder Joint ______________________ __________________ Upper Radioulnar Joint ______________________ __________________ Thumb/Carpometacarpal I ______________________ _________________ 20. What is the position of the hands in anatomical position? ___________________________ 21. Define Center of Mass. 22. Fill in the blank. Term Definition Posterior ______________________________________________________ ________________ Closer to the surface of the body ________________ Below Supine ______________________________________________________ ________________ Towards the midline of the body Anterior ______________________________________________________ Proximal ______________________________________________________ Deep ______________________________________________________ ________________ Away from the midline of the body ________________ Above Dorsal ______________________________________________________ ________________ Further from the root of the limb ________________ Posterior side of anatomical position. 23. Match the movement with the appropriate plane and axis. Joint Movement Plane Axis Spinal Lateral Flexion ___________________ ________________________ Knee Flexion ___________________ ________________________ Shoulder External Rotation ___________________ ________________________ Elbow Extension ___________________ ________________________ Hip Internal Rotation ___________________ ________________________ Spinal Extension ___________________ ________________________ Hip Abduction ___________________ ________________________ Shoulder Adduction ___________________ ________________________ Dorsiflexion ___________________ ________________________ 24. Joint _____________ is the ability to withstand forces and avoid being separated without injury, whereas, joint _____________ is the range of motion prior to tissue constraints. DANC 260 – Test 1 Study Guide Natalie Wong 25. Knee extension would be an example of a ____________packed position. 26. Which position is less stable, closepacked or loosepacked? _________________________ 27. In a __________ kinematic chain movement, the _____________ segment is fixed. Ch 2: 1. Fill in the table. Muscle Type Location Function Microscopic Appearance Control Walls of heart Involuntary Skeletal Move skeleton Walls of No Striations hollow organs and tubes 2. What are the properties of Skeletal muscle? ________________________________ __________________________________ ________________________________ __________________________________ 3. A muscle fiber can be subdivided into _____________________ and __________________. 4. The smallest unit of contraction. ____________________________ 5. There are two types of myofilaments whose arrangement creates the appearance of striations. They are ___________ (thick) and ___________(thin). 6. Explain the Sliding Filament Theory. 7. The fiber type characterized by a small fiber diameter, slow contractile speed, low force production, and high resistance to fatigue is termed ______________________. 8. An example of a fast twitch fiber would be __________________. DANC 260 – Test 1 Study Guide Natalie Wong 9. The greater the cross sectional area/the greater number of muscle fibers, the _____________ amount of ____________ that can be produced. 10. Define motor unit. 11. The term used to describe the decrease in muscle mass during detraining/no physical activity _____________________ 12. Name the fiber arrangement that is characterized by less force production, greater speed, and greater range of motion. _________________________ 13. A muscle arrangement that appears to be “feathered” (fibers organized like chevrons) is characterized by ____________ force production, _________ speed, and ____________ range of motion. 14. Name the ways in which muscle attaches to bone. _________________________________ __________________________________ _________________________________ 15. Typically, the _______________ attachment of the muscle is called the _______ vs. the ____________ attachment of the muscle that is called the insertion. 16. Identify what each component of the mechanical model of muscle is comprised of. Component Composite Structures Contractile (CC) _____________________________________________________ Parallel Elastic (PEC) _____________________________________________________ Series Elastic (SEC) _____________________________________________________ 17. The viscoelastic response gives rise to the _______________ property of muscle. 18. What are the components of the viscoelastic response, what does each result in, and how are they represented/symbolized? a) b) 19. The goal of _______________ is to maximize elastic response and utilize the stretch ___________ cycle. 20. _________________ is characterized by slower speed, __________ force, and ___________ duration for ______ reps at about _______ secs each. 21. Define Rotary motion. 22. What anatomical structures in the body act as levers? ______________ DANC 260 – Test 1 Study Guide Natalie Wong 23. Large forces of muscle contraction to overcome resistances in the human body because the ________________ is much smaller than the ________________. 24. Know the classes of levers and be able to give an example 25. Torque = __________________x____________________ 26. A __________________ contraction is characterized by the muscle lengthening. 27. How much movement does an isometric contraction produce? ________________________ 28. List the muscle roles. ________________________________ _______________________________ ________________________________ _______________________________ 29. Define force couple and give a detailed example. 30. Not being able to lift the leg to the front above 90⁰ because of strength restraints is an example of ___________________________________.
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