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IU / African Studies / AMST 328 / When did college athletics begin?

When did college athletics begin?

When did college athletics begin?

Description

SPH-M328 Week 1

Ch. 1 History of College AthleticsIf you want to learn more check out What refers to the application of psychological science to the study of mental disorders?

        Early Competition -1800’sWe also discuss several other topics like What made trade caravans less profitable?

                   -college: wealthy, upper class, male

                -Harvard and Yale = main schools, Cornell and others = inferior

                -Private liberal arts colleges with strict curriculumsWe also discuss several other topics like Explain what the Chaucer tales are.

                -Church/religion connection

                -Spontaneous sport as distraction was frowned as

                        •Puritan Work EthicDon't forget about the age old question of computer science definitions

                -baseball, soccer, cricket, wrestling, horse racing, field hockey (bandy), betting.We also discuss several other topics like What is the Echelon Form Matrix?

        Formal Competition

                -first intercollegiate Comp. 1852

                        •Harvard vs. Yale crew race (Harvard)

                        •1000 spectators for 14 minute raceDon't forget about the age old question of What is the form of quadratic equation?

                        •Railroad sold vacation package for travelers

                                       ↪first attempt at sport tourism

                -1859 College Union Regatta

                        •Trinity, Hartford, Connecticut, Brown, Harvard, Yale

                        •$100.00 first prize        (Yale)

                -Spectatorship 15-20,000

                -Newspaper coverage

                -Railroad Transportation

                -Professional trainers and coaches hired in 1870’s

                        ↪considered cheating, but no rules

                -First Intercollegiate baseball game

                        •Williams vs. Amhurst ✱ (32-73)

                        •26 innings

                        •town teams, clubs, high schools

                -First Intercollegiate cricket game 1864

                        •Haverford and Penn

                -First Track and Field meet 1873

                ↪Part of intercollegiate Crew Regatta

                        •2 mile challenge cup (worth $500 silver)

                        •Cornell, Amhurst, Mcgill* (3 men from each)

                        •5 events: 100,120 h-hurdles, mile, 3 mile, 7 mile walk

                        •Intercollegiate Association of Athletes of Amateur America, first college

                        Association (1C4A)

                -Bandy (field hockey) @ Trinity →now DUke

                -British criticism of effeminate nature

                -Led to further involvement and hyper-masculine ideology

        

        Football (soccer)

                -Bloody Monday @ Harvard University 1827

                     ↪first Monday of fall term

                -First game 1869

        60’s-70’s      ↪ new type of football emerged (rugby)

                -1874 Harvard, Yale, Columbia, and Princeton formed Intercollegiate

                Football Association

        Rugby

                -Touchdown =one point, dropkick =4 points

                -ball changed from round to oblong

        Water Camp -”Father” of American Football

                -played for Yale 1875-1882, business exec.

                -initiated rules during 1800’s

                        •Line of Scrimmage

                        •Retain possession until fumine kick or score

        First Game -1880

                -possession maintained for entire half

                1881 -imp-lemented 4 plays to make 5 yards

                -Army passed ball first against ND

                -1888 -tackling allowed below the waste

                           ↪increased brutality and injuries

                -more rules to close gaps

                -team captains→ campus heroes

                -camp became Yale coach in 1885

                -wrote articles, books, manual and lectures

                1889 created all-America football team

                     ↪ chose best players to create fictional team

                -Yale had most wins: 324-17-18        1872-1909 vs. Harvard 2-?-?

        Impact on Campus

                -bonded groups into campus community

                -extracurricular activities became campus focus

                -coaches started recruiting

                        •Nominations, Scholarships, Prestige.

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