Final Exam Review
Final Exam Review NUTR 1000
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chris on Wednesday March 25, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to NUTR 1000 at a university taught by Yoder in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 110 views.
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Date Created: 03/25/15
NUTR 1000 Final Review Qhapter a What is an underweight BMI a healthy BMI an overweight BMI an obese BMI and an extreme Obese BMI Underweight lt185 Healthy 185249 Overweight 25299 Obese 30399 Extreme obese gt40 What is the difference between visceral fat vs subcutaneous fat Visceral stored in the stomach this is the most risky because it could harm important organs Subcutaneous fat this fat grows near the hips thighs and buttocks areas mainly in women pear shape that women often get How do you calculate BMI weight pounds x 703 height in2 l pounds and inchesoweight kg Height m2 D kilograms and meters What are the two types of surgery people can get to decrease body fat lose weight How does this effect the patient39s life after Gastric bypass surgeon constructs a small stomach pouch and creates an outlet directly to the lower small intestine Gastric banding surgeon uses a gastric band to reduce the opening form the esophagus to the stomach These procedures change the patient39s entire life these procedures are a lifestyle change and that means a lot of modi cation Energy Balance Energy Budget Change in energy stores energy in energy out Energy In What we eat and drink Energy Out exercise lifestyle and metabolism varies widely lWhat are other ways that you can measure body composition Waist circumference Skin fold test Duel energy XRay Absorptiometry DEXA lWhat is hunger What hormone initiates hunger Hunger is a response to physiological need Ghrelin is the only hormone that initiates hunger 3500 kcal 1 pound body fat DDescribe Anorexia Nervosa Self starvation due to disordered body image an irrational belief that they are not thin enough This disorder is very serious can lead to death due to organ failure or heart failure Treatment Require a large team of specialist a RD help regulate their eating habits lWhat is Amenorrhea Having a menstruation cycle and losing it due to damage in the body DDescribe Bulimia Nervosa Large intake of food followed by a purge lPurges include the help from laxatives diet pills or vomiting Treatment Same as Anorexia Nervosa but Bulimia is bit easier to establish a regular eating pattern DDescribe Binge Eating Binging without the purge Compulsive Reasons for this behavior Lost of internal stress Chapter 10 Fitness Characteristic that enable the body to perform physical activity Exercise Planned structures and repetitive bodily movement that promotes or maintains physical tness lHypertrophy vs Atrophy Hypertrophy increase in muscle size in response to use Atrophy decrease in size because of muscle disuse lHow many hours do muscles need to rest and replenish themselves It takes 2448 hours to fully replenish supplies to repair the muscles lWhat is aerobic Activity What does it do for the body Any activity that involves large muscle groups working at light to moderate intensity for sustained period of time any type of ing activities running lifting jumping swimming etc This type of exercise enhances the capacity of the heart lungs and blood deliver oxygen and remove wastes from the body s cells lWhy is iron so important in the diet and who is at risk for anemia Iron is a vital component for delivering oxygen to working muscles Women are more at risk for anemia especially female athletes lWhat is the best drink to consume before physical activity Cool plain WATER lWhat is hyponatremia What are the risks of this Overconsumption of plain water Can result in brain edema lShould protein consumption increase when you increase your physical activity NO Protein recommendation shouldn39t increase significantly timing of protein is more important than the amount Chapter 13 Life Cycle Nutrition Mother and Infant True or False Only motherstobe need to establish healthy eating habits before pregnancy False both mothertobe and fatherstobe must establish healthy eating habit before conception Stages of Pregnancy Implantation when the sperm fertilizes the egg This can happen instantly or within 2 weeks 8 weeks into the pregnancy Fetus Gestation is the full 40 weeks in which a mother carries the baby includes the three trimesters First trimester development of the nervous system the placenta develops Second amp third Trimester LOTS OF GROWTH Sexual characteristics show Critical Period A nite period during development where certain events may occur that will have irreversible effects on later in development rapid cell division During pregnancy does protein increase or decrease Increase Pregnant women should add an additional 25 gramsday Do pregnant women need more calories in their diet or less MORE Pregnant women should add 250450 kcals this is like another meal or a big snack What is the importance of the following minerals vitamins Folate neural tube defects NTD spina bi da anencephaly 312 Helps Folate manufacture of new cells How much weight should a pregnant women gain After pregnancy how many pounds a week should a woman lose Gain should gain 3 12 pounds for rst trimester and after that the women should gain a poundweek and the weight gained should be all or almost all lean tissue Lose should lose a pound week return to pre pregnancy weight as soon as possible Pica Cravings of nonfood items such as dirt clay chalk or ice cubes Nutrition Final Questions 1 Which of the following is NOT a result of obesity A doubled risk of osteoporosis 2 The hormone produced by adipose tissue in response to a gain in body fatness that helps control obesity Leptin 3 A healthy person starting with average body weight can live totally deprived of food as long as six to 8 weeks due to Ketosis 4 MATCHING Adipose Tissue The body s fat tissue
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