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UA - PSYCH 101 - Class Notes - PY 101, Week 1 Notes

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UA - PSYCH 101 - Class Notes - PY 101, Week 1 Notes

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: PY 101, Week 1 Notes
Description: Intro to Psychology
Uploaded: 08/30/2016
0 5 3 71 Reviews
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background image 8/19  Psychology History of Psychology It is the study of: -the mind (mental activity)
-the brain (mental activity resulting from biological processes)
-behavior (observable actions)
Where does it come from? Philosophy (Nature/Nurture and mind/body debates) 1879: First psychology lab First schools of thought -Structuralism: belief that conscious experience can be broken 
down into compounds
-Functionalism: belief that the mind helps human adapt to 
environmental demands
Approaches to psychology
Biological approach: Focus on genetic, hormonal, and neurochemical 
explanations of behavior.
           -SSRI’s to treat depression to change chemical make up in brain
Psychoanalysis: Innate drives of sex and aggression. Social upbringing during
childhood.
  -Make the unconscious conscious. Cognitive Psychology: Innate mental structures such as schemas, perception 
and memory, and constantly changed by environment.
-Like a computer processing information Humanism: Maslow emphasized basic physical needs society influences a 
person’s self concept.
        -Focuses on how an individual perceives and interprets Behaviorism: All behavior is learned from the environment through 
conditioning
           -Humans are like a machine Social approaches Emphasizes the power of the situation and the way individuals are 
shaped via their interactions with others.
Research Methodology What is scientific inquiry? Psychologists study the what, when, and why of behavior and mental 
processes.
Scientific inquiry utilizes the scientific method -More objective than casual observations
-Systematic: procedures follow orderly steps that are carefully 
planned
-Free from bias 
3 Essential Elements

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: PY 101, Week 1 Notes
Description: Intro to Psychology
Uploaded: 08/30/2016
2 Pages 8 Views 6 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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