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CJ252, Final Exam Study Guide

by: ATrickey

CJ252, Final Exam Study Guide CJ252

Marketplace > DeSales University > CJ252 > CJ252 Final Exam Study Guide

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About this Document

This is a study guide for the final exam. Good luck :)
Drugs and Crime
Study Guide
Criminal Justice, crime
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by ATrickey on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CJ252 at DeSales University taught by in Fall 2013. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
Drugs & Crime Final Exam Review Chapters 6-11 50 questions: Multiple Choice, True/False, Fill in the Blank • alcohol • why is it a drug at all -addictive • what is absolute alcohol? -ethyl • which has the highest concentration of absolute alcohol? -distilled spirits • conception of alcohol and the risk of violent behavior and risk of being a victim -more likely to engage in risky, criminal, and deviant behavior (the more that is drank, the worse one gets) men more likely to drink than women, higher incomes show higher likelihood of • drinking, and under 35 • the effects • acute- immediate effects or shortly after; disorganized, impaired abilities, euphoria, reduced anxiety and fear, takes riskers • chronic- long-term effects; liver damage • tobacco • smoking and premature mortality -more likely to die younger • active addicting ingredient -nicotine • vasoconstrictor -constricts blood vessels and makes the heart work harder • the centers for disease control • how many thousands of people in the US die every year due to smoking tobacco? • 1 out of 5, 440,000/yr • e-cigs vs. tobacco cigs • major drugs • what schedules each are (I-V) I No medical use and high potential for abuse: weed, heroin, ecstasy, lsd, GHB • • II Some medical use and high potential for abuse: painkillers and analgesics • III-V Not pleasurable/No high, meant to heal the body/mind: antipsychotics and antidepressants classifications (stimulants, depressants, hallucinogenics) • • sedatives/depressants- slow down the CNS • stimulants- excite the CNS; heighten body’s sensitivity • hallucinogens- sensory dislocation; psychedelics • what is the most physically or psychologically addicting drug (legal or illegal)? • legal- nicotine • illegal- weed • amphetamines and meth • unusual term in this chapter • amphetamine- reinforcing, greatest immediate sensual appeal; CNS stimulant; taken orally • methamphetamine- more potent; injected/snorted/smoked • meth and burglary? • during what times of the day? • 10am-11am, 1pm-3pm (thats when no one is home) • cocaine • roots of administration • snorting, sniffing, smoking, injecting • which is most effective and efficient? (smoking=most effective, IV & smoking=most efficient) • which is most likely to lead to more impulsive and heavier use? -crack • crack vs. powder • crack- smoked; coke powder- snorted • what are the different effects? -very similar • coke- pleasurable and reinforcing crack- high occurs faster; euphoria is extreme and intense • • weed • most powerful psychoactive ingredient- THC • harmful, chronic effects • lung damage; cancer • states that decriminalized weed use • how many as of today? -16, he mentioned 20? • how many states authorized the possession or sale, ect for weed? -20 • club drugs • what they are (4/5 of them) • Ecstasy- amphetamine empathy and depletion of serotonin • GHB- sleep aid, anti-anxiety (date rape) • Ketamine- sedative, hypnotic, hallucinations (date rape) • Rohypnol- sedative, unconsciousness, paralysis, amnesia (date rape) • LSD • effects • -emotional and sensory euphoria heroin, meth, and crack (physically addicting) • • what the term is for starting these drugs, and the need for taking more in order to get high -tolerance • addicting CNS depressant; euphoric high heroin- physically dependent, men 3X more likely to use; deprived from morphine • ->extracted from opium • theories of drug use • 3 general theories • Biological, Psychological, and Sociological • the centers for disease control • pharmaceuticals and patents • seize hold of the nerves; reduce anxiety/depression • back to a normal state of mind • includes sedative, hypnotics, antipsychotics, and antidepressants • drug patents are good for 20 years; takes 10 years to get to the market, 10 more before a generic can come along


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