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AU / Political Science / POLI 3380 / What is rule 201 all about?

What is rule 201 all about?

What is rule 201 all about?



What is rule 201 all about?

Rule 603: Oath to Testify Truthfully

before testifying, a witness must give an oath or affirmation to testify truthfully must be in a form designed to impress that duty on the witness’s conscience the promise to testify truthfully  

Rule 901: Authenticating or Identifying Evidence

to authenticate evidence to be admitted, the proponent must produce evidence sufficient to support a finding that the item is what the proponent claims it is ex. this is a car, so provide evidence that it is what it says it is

options of how to do this:

testimony of a witness with knowledge

non-expert opinion about handwriting - a non-expert can testify that the handwriting is genuine based on familiarity

comparison by an expert witness or the trier of fact - the trier could be the judge or the jury and said person could make a comparison of two sets of handwriting, one of which has already been authenticated

What is rule 901?

Don't forget about the age old question of What is hugo van der goes, portinari altarpiece, ca. 1475­1476 all about?

distinctive characteristics and the like - the appearance of a particular We also discuss several other topics like What is the probability that a pregnancy in this group of women will result in a congenital malformation?

characteristic based on all the other circumstances  

opinion about a voice - identifying a person’s voice whether first hand or through a recording based on hearing the voice at any other time  

more examples on page 48 of textbook  

Rule 902: evidence that is self-authenticating We also discuss several other topics like What is quaker?

can bring authentication to evidence  

can self-authenticate by:

domestic public documents signed and sealed

domestic public documents that are signed but not sealed  

foreign public documents

certified copies of public records

official publications

newspapers and periodicals

What is rule 1001?

trade inscriptions and the like

acknowledged documents

commercial paper and related documents

presumptions under a federal statute  

certified domestic records of a regularly conducted activity  

certified foreign records of a regularly conducted activity  

Rule 1001: "Best Evidence Rule"

has to do with the best evidence in the context of writing, photograph, or a video, when you are worried about what the content is  Don't forget about the age old question of How molecules/odorants bind to their receptors?

writing consists of letters, words, numbers, or equivalents Don't forget about the age old question of Why do rights require positive action?

recording consists of letters, words, numbers, etc that are recorded

photograph consists of an image or equivalent  

an original means the writing or recording itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by the person who executed or issued it. Ex. if you have a will and a copy of the will but both are signed then they are both originals. An original of a photograph includes the negative or a print from it  

a duplicate means a counterpart produced by a mechanical, etc. process that accurately produces the original. But not by hand.

Rule 1002: Requirement of Original  

an original writing, recording, or photograph is required in order to prove its content unless these rules or a federal statue provides otherwise  We also discuss several other topics like State the list of dielectric constant digits.

Rule 1003: Admissibility of Duplicates  

a duplicate is admissible to the same extent as the originals unless a genuine question is raised about the original’s authenticity or the circumstances make it unfair to admit the duplicate  

meaning you cannot bring in duplicate if it has already been challenged authenticity of the original  

Rule 1004: Admissibility of Other Evidence of Content

an original is not required and other evidence of the content of a writing, recording, or photograph is admissible if:

all the originals are lost or destroyed (not in the proponent acting in bad faith meaning only if not on purpose)  

an original cannot be obtained by any available judicial process (there are no rules forcing it to be obtained meaning its in some situation where the law cannot get it out)

the party who has the original was informed to release the original by a certain time and they do not  

the writing, recording, or photograph is not closely related to a controlling issue

Interesting Case: Seila v. Lucas Film L+D (1986)

"Imperial Walkers” are duplicates of “Parthian Striders” argument in the movie so this is a copyright case

falls under Best Evidence Rule so asked to bring the Striders to court and testify about them

however, the Striders were destroyed and so he has to admit to that  

this is an example of


Rule 201: Judicial Notice (pg. 69)

way of circumventing proof  

governs judicial notice of an adjudicative fact not a legislative fact  

adjudicative facts are ones that are necessary to define a crime or course of action  

legislative fact is one that inform theories or manifest theories - motivates a legislature  

kinds of facts that can be judicially noticed without additional evidence (aka they have to just be assumed by the court):

generally known within the court’s territorial jurisdiction

can be accurately and readily determined from sources who’s accuracy cannot reasonably be questioned - facts based on scientific theory that don’t need any more evidence  

*meaning the rule has to fall under the court’s jurisdiction (ex. if you say you walked by Toomer’s while in a Lee County court room then you don’t have to prove what Toomer’s is. If you are in court in Kansas you would have to)* must prove the facts beyond a reasonable doubt  

at any stage of the proceedings, the court may take judicial notice on its own or it must take judicial notice if it is supplied with the necessary information  

in a civil case, the jury must take the fact as conclusive or in a criminal case, the judge can tell them to or not to take them as conclusive  

Went over questions on pages: 46, 50, 52-53, 54-56, 63, 65-66, 67

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