Final Study Guide
Final Study Guide KIN 199
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ally Lappe on Wednesday March 25, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to KIN 199 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Jermaine in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see General Health & Wellness in Kinesiology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/25/15
Exam 3 Final Exam Study Guide Chapter 10 0 Define stress Stress is the general physical and emotional state that accompanies the stress response 0 Distinguish between parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions The sympathetic division of the ANS reacts to danger or other challenges by accelerating body processes while the parasympathetic division regulates it and provides a calming of the body 0 Understand the fight or ight reaction A defense reaction that prepares a person for con ict or escape by triggering hormonal cardiovascular and other changes Endorphins are released as well as adrenaline by the sympathetic system 0 Identify the various types of personalities and stresses Type A is ultracompetitive controlling impatient aggressive and hostile easily upset react explosively to stressors Type B are relaxed and tolerant of others react more calmly to stressors Type C have difficulty expressing emotions suppress anger and have feelings of hopelessness and despair exaggerated stress response 0 Identify common sources of stress and ways to manage stress Common sources include major life changes daily hassles college job relationship environmental and internal Managing stress can be done by exercising good nutrition sleep social support spiritual wellness and communication Chapter 11 0 Identify risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease Tobacco high BP unhealthy cholesterol inactivity obesity and diabetes are all major risk factors Factors such as heredity aging gender and ethnicity however cannot be avoided 0 Distinguish between LDL and HDL cholesterol LDL shuttle cholesterol from the liver to the organs and tissues which can accumulate in artery walls while HDL shuttles unused cholesterol back to the liver and protects against atherosclerosis 0 Identify atherosclerosis and diseasesconditions associated with it Atherosclerosis is the thickening of arteries by deposits of fat cholesterol and other substances known as plaque This leads to blockage of arteries known as coronary heart disease heart attack and blockage in the brain can result in a stroke 0 Define stroke A stroke is when blood supply to the brain is cut off and brain cells die 0 Identify steps to prevent cardiovascular disease To prevent cardiovascular disease eat hearthealthily exercise avoid tobacco manage BP and cholesterol levels and handle stress and anger Chapter 12 0 Identify the different types of tumors Benign tumors are enclosed preventing them from spreading while malignant tumors are cancerous and capable of spreading 0 Distinguish between common cancers and identify prevention detection and treatments associated with each cancer Colon age and lifestyle are risk factors regular screenings are started at age 50 and surgery is the primary treatment Breast risk factors are genetic early menstruation late children or none obesity and alcohol consumption detection by mammograms and self breast exams treatment is surgery chemo or radiation Prostate risk factors include age AA ethnicity heredity and lifestyle factors diet may prevent this cancer detection by a rectal exam or a prostatespecific antigen blood test treatment includes surgery and radiation Cervical prevention by abstinence monogamous sex and use of condoms detection by pap tests and pelvic exams abnormal cells are typically surgically removed Uterine or Endometrial risk factors are similar to breast cancer too much estrogen detected by pelvic examination treatment includes surgery combined with radiation and chemo Ovarian risk factors similar to breast cancer estrogen related treatment includes surgical removal of ovaries fallopian tubes and uterus Skin UV light is the primary risk factors Oral traced to use of smokeless tobacco and excessive alcohol use easy to detect but dif cult to cure radiation and surgery are used Testicular self exams treatment by surgical removal of tumors and chemo Chapter 13 Differentiate between drug use abuse and dependence Use Abuse is when you frequently use it in hazardous situations and fail to fulfill major responsibilities and dependence is characterized by developing a tolerance experiencing withdrawl and reducing work Understand the effects of chronic alcohol abuse Effects include cirrhosis of the liver severe damage and fetal alcohol syndrome where a child has birth defects due to excessive alcohol consumption by the mother such as deformities heart defects and physical and mental impairments Understand the effects of binge drinking Death sexual assault injuries and assaults Identify health hazards of cigarette smoking Long term effects include reduced life expectancy and quality of life and smoking increases the risk for CVD and cancer tooth and gum disease reproductive problems crashes and firerelated injuries Identify characteristics associated with addictive behavior General characteristics for addictive behavior include reinforcement compulsion or craving loss of control escalation and negative consequences Chapter 14 Identify the major STDs along with their symptoms and treatments HIV headaches fatigue rashes aches and night sweats treatment is unknown but drugs are available to alter the course of the disease Chlamydia males experience painful urination slight discharge and pain around testicles while women experience increased discharge burning pain or bleeding with intercourse and lower abdominal pain treated with antibiotics Ghonorrhea infertility rashes arthritis and eye infections in infants men experience pain and yellowgreen discharge while women experience pain and increased discharge treated with antibiotics but many strains are resistant Pelvic In ammatory Disease symptoms vary treated with antibiotics but may require hospitalization HPV may appear normal or have bumps or growths treatment does not cure but focuses on reducing the number and size of warts Genital Herpes reccurent outbreaks of genital lesions treatment with antiviral drugs to reduce frequency and severity Hepatitis B ulike nausea dark urine abdominal pain jaundice no cure but a vaccine is available and safe Syphilis symptoms are different at various stages but include ulcers ulike symptoms and a rash and severe organ damagedeath treatment by antibiotics
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