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UNL / Psychology / PSYC 181 / psych 350 unl

psych 350 unl

psych 350 unl

Description

School: University of Nebraska Lincoln
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Limhp tina sedersten
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Cost: 25
Name: PSYCH 181 Chpt 1 PART 2 notes
Description: This is only PART 2 of 3 notes for chapter 1 that combines both notes from the lecture in class and our textbook.
Uploaded: 08/31/2016
6 Pages 188 Views 0 Unlocks
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PSYC 181 Chapter 1 PART 2 notes

Freudian/Psychoanalytic Psychology

   -Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis

   -he studied and helped many people with a variety of mental disordersDon't forget about the age old question of What refers to a group of people with complementary skills who work together to achieve a specific goal?

Humanism

        A popular Humanists (1960s)We also discuss several other topics like Summarize the impact of context on definitions of terrorism.

        Abraham Maslow and Carl RogersWe also discuss several other topics like What figures show how precisely a measurement has been determined?

Humanistic Psychology: the significant perspective that focused on the growth If you want to learn more check out What do we do with our findings?

potential In healthy people.Don't forget about the age old question of jmu smad

-Maslow and Rogers developed theories and treatments to help people to feel accepted and to reach their full potential.We also discuss several other topics like Describe the general structure of a Python program.

Nature vs. Nurture Issue:

        The long standing controversy over the relative contributions that

genes and experience make to the development of psychological

 traits and behaviors.

Nature -to what extent are our traits already set in place at birth

Nurture -to what extent do our traits develop in response to our environment

Natural Selection: principle that among the range of inherited trait variations.

Those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on

 to succeeding generations.

Biology and Environment are part of psychology’s 3 “biopsychosocial” levels of analysis.

         Biological                        Psychological                        Social-Cultural

     The Deep Level:                            Middle Level:                        Outer Level:

-genes                                -thoughts                        -environment

-brain                                -emotions                        -culture

-survival                        -moods                        -education

-reflexes                        -knowledge                        -relationships

-etc.                                -etc.                                Etc.

The 3 levels as influences on some psychological phenomenon:

Biological Influences:                                        Psychological Influences:

-natural selection of adaptive traits                        -Learned fears

-brain mechanism                                        -emotional responses

-hormonal influences                                        -cognitive processing

                        EXAMPLE: SHYNESS        

                Social - Cultural Influences:

                -presence of others

                -cultural, societal, and family expectations

                -pees influences

                -compelling models

Different perspectives

for describing Psychological

phenomena:                            From different angles.you ask different questions:

Cognitive

Perspective

How reliable is memory?

How can we improve our thinking?+p/lo98

Social-cultural

Could our behavior, skills, and attitudes be “downloads” from our culture?

Behavioral genetics

Could our behavior, skills and attitudes be genetically programmed instincts?

Neuroscience

What role do our bodies and brains play in emotions?

How is pain inhibited? Can we trust our senses?

Psychodynamic

Do inner childhood conficts still plague me and affect my behavior?

Behaviorist

How are our problematic behaviors reinforced? How do our fears become conditioned? What can we do to change these fears and behaviors?

Evolutionary

Why are humans prone to panic, anger, and making irrational judgments?

Psychology’s Subfields

Type of research: Research examples:

Biological → explore the structural problems in the brain that may be part of autism spectrum

                Disorder

Developmental → study how the stages of cognitive and emotional development vary in ASD

Cognitive → clarify the difficulties children with autism spectrum disorder have understanding

                Sarcasm

Personality → decide whether traits like neuroticism need to be measured differently in ASD

Social → find how children with ASD can learn social skills as procedures if not intuition

Positive Psychology → explore what motivates people and contributes to life satisfaction

Other Professions that deal with Psychology

Psychiatrists

        -physicians, M.D.s or D.O.s

        -can prescribe medication

Psychologists, Social Work, Counseling, and Marriage and Family Therapy

        -may be trained to do psychotherapy

        -need a master’s degree to be able to diagnose and treat mental disorders

3 typical error when it comes to our natural thinking style…

        -Hindsight Bias

        -Coincidence Error

        -Overconfidence Error

________________________________________________________________

Hindsight Bias

        -we are “biased” in favor of old info

        Ex: we may stay in a bad relationship because it has lasted a long period

                Of time.

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