Spanish 101 Study Guide Covering Chapters 1 and 2
Spanish 101 Study Guide Covering Chapters 1 and 2 Spanish 101
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Lawrence on Wednesday August 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Spanish 101 at Brenau University taught by Professor Colombini in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Spanish in Foreign Language at Brenau University.
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Date Created: 08/31/16
SH 101: Study Guide: Chapter 1 and 2 Test (Study Soup) Vocabulary Section: First off, have all of the vocabulary from this chapter memorized! This includes the greetings, the departures, the introductions, the courtesy expressions, the Spanish-speaking countries, numbers 0-30, and the verb SER and HAY. Remember the verb SER means “to be” and the verb HAY means “there is/there are.” Memorize the articles with the word! This is crucial! Be able to change the vocabulary from singular to plural and back again! (THE) Definite Articles Masculine Feminine Singular el Plural las (A, An, Some) Indef. A. Masculine Feminine Singular una Plural unos Practice listening to and speaking the vocabulary. This will aid in the listening section of the test! Be able to use the vocabulary to form a paragraph that introduces yourself. Use as much vocabulary words as you can. Remember the formal vocabulary along with the informal vocabulary. Know when to use the different types of vocabulary. For example, in greetings, know how to formally introduce yourself and others and how to casually introduce yourself and others. Verbs: Be able to conjugate the verb SER! Also include the subject pronouns! Singular Forms Plural Forms Be able to use the verb HAY correctly in a sentence. Be able to use the verb SER correctly in a sentence. SH 101: Study Guide: Chapter 1 and 2 Test (Study Soup) Numbers and Telling time: Be able to tell what time it is. It will help to label the clock below: Es la una de la mañana. Es la una de la tarde. Es la una de la noche. Be able to tell when something is happening. How do you say it is 12:00 PM? ________________________ How do you say it is 1:45 AM? ________________________ How do you say it is 11:00 AM? ______________________ How to you say it is 12:30 PM? __________________________ How do to you ask when a particular class starts? Next: Remember: 1. lunes (Monday) 2. martes (Tuesday) 3. miércoles (Wednesday) 4. jueves (Thursday) SH 101: Study Guide: Chapter 1 and 2 Test (Study Soup) 5. Viernes (Friday) 6. sábado (Saturday) 7. domingo (Sunday) - How to talk about the days of the week: -Hoy es… (Today is…) -Mañana es… (Tomorrow is…) -Ayer fue… (Yesterday was…) -Use el + [weekday] when an activity occurs on a specific day. -Example: El lunes tengo un examen. (On Monday I have an exam.) -Use los + [weekday] when an activity occurs regularly. -Example: Los lunes y miércoles tomo biología. (On Mondays and Wednesdays I take biology.) -The singular and plural forms for the days of the week except for sábados and domingos. (a) The letter a is pronounced like a short “ah.” (e ) The letter e is pronounced like a short “eh.” (i) The letter i is pronounced like the ee in “beet.” (o) The letter o is pronounced like the o in “tone.” (u) The letter u is pronounced like the oo in “room.” The infinitive in Spanish is one word and can be recognized by its endings: -ar, -ir, or -er. Example of -ar verb: estudiar (to study) Example of -er verb: comer (to eat) Example of -ir verb: escribir (to write) -Conjugation chart for ESTUDIAR: Singular Plural Yo estudio (I study) Nosotros/as estudiamos (we study) SH 101: Study Guide: Chapter 1 and 2 Test (Study Soup) Tú estudias (you study) fam. Vosotros/as estudiáis (you study) Ud./él/ella estudian (he/she studies) Uds./ellos/ella estudian (you/they form. study) -To conjugate: drop the infinitive endings (-ar, -er, -ir) then add to the stem endings. Common -ar verbs: Bailar (to dance) Estudiar (to study) Buscar (to look for) Explicar (to explain) Caminar (to walk) Habler (to talk, to speak) Cantar (to sing) LLegar (to arrive) Cenar (to have dinner) Llevar (to carry) Comprar (to buy) Mirar (to look (at), to watch) Contestar (to answer) Necesitar (+inf.) (to need) Conversar (to converse, to chat) Practicar (to practice) Desayunar (to have breakfast) Preguntar (to ask (a question)) Descansar (to rest) Preparar (to prepare) Desear (+inf.) (to desire, to wish) Regresar (to return) Dibujar (to draw) Terminar (to end, to finish) Enseñar (to teach) Tomar (to take, to drink) Escuchar (to listen (to)) Trabajar (to work) Esperear (+inf.) (to wait (for), to hope) Viajar (to travel) -The Spanish verbs buscar, escuchar, esperar, and mirar do not need to be followed with prepositions unless you are referring to a person. -Gustar is irregular SH 101: Study Guide: Chapter 1 and 2 Test (Study Soup) -Can express likes and dislikes by using: (no) me gusta +el/la… (for singular). For plural: use (no) me gutsan +los/las. -You can use a mí, but never yo. Example: A mí me gustan las artes. (I like the arts.) -To ask a person about their likes and dislikes, use te instead of me. -You can use a ti for emphasis, but not tú. Example: ¿Te gusta la geografía? (Do you like geography?) -You can also use nos, le, and las to talk about other people. -Examples: Nos gusta dibujar. No le gusta trabajar. Les gusta el arte. -Use the construction a+[name/pronoun] to clarify who you are referring to (but it isn’t always necessary to use). -The Spanish no means no and not. I negative answers to a question, you will use no twice. -Example: ¿No, no estudio geografía. -There are three basic ways to ask a question: 1. Raise the pitch of your voice at the end of the sentence. 2. Invert the order of the subject and verb. (You could also place the subject at the end of the sentence.) -Example: Carlota regresa a las seis. ¿Regresa a la seis Carlota? 3. Add tags such as ¿no? or ¿verdad? at the end of the sentence. -Use ¿ [and sentence here]? -¿Verdad? is used for negative sentences. Interrogative word: SH 101: Study Guide: Chapter 1 and 2 Test (Study Soup) ¿Adónde? (Where (to)?) ¿Porqué? (Why?) ¿Cómo? (How?) ¿Qué? (What/which?) ¿Cuál?, Cuáles? (Which/which ones?) ¿Quién? (Who?) ¿Cuándo? (When?) ¿Quiénes? (Who? Plural) ¿Cuánto/a? (How much?) ¿ Cuántos/as? (How many?) ¿De dónde? (From where?) ¿ Dónde? (Where?) -When using interrogative words in questions, the pitch falls at the end of the statement! 1 The present tense of ESTAR -Estar is irregular. Singular Plural Yo estoy Nosotros/as estamos Tú estás Vosotros/as estáis Ud./él/ ella está Uds./ellos/ellas están Use estar for: Use ser for: -location -identity -health -occupation -well-being -origin -telling time Prepositions to use with estar: -al lado de (next to; beside) -a la derecho de (to the right of) -al la izquierda de (to the next of) -detrás de (behind) -allá (over there) -en (in; on) -allí (there) -encima de (on top of) SH 101: Study Guide: Chapter 1 and 2 Test (Study Soup) -cerca de (near) -entre (between; among) -delante de (in front of) -lejos de (far from) -con (with) -sin (without) -debajo de (below) -sobre (on; over) 2 Numbers 31 and higher 31 treinta y uno 40 cuarenta 300 trescientos/as 2.000 dos mil 32 treinta y dos 50 cincuenta 400 cuatrocientos/as 5.000 cinco mil 33 treinta y tres 60 sesenta 500 quinientos/as 100.000 cien mil 34 treinta y cuatro 70 setenta 600 seiscientos/as 200.000 doscientos/as mil 35 treinta y cinco 80 ochenta 700 setecientos/as 36 treinta y seis 90 noventa 800 ochocientos/as 550.000 quinientos/as cincuenta mil 37 treinta y siete 100 cien, ciento 900 novecientos/as 1.000.00 un millón (de) 38 treinta y ocho 101 ciento uno 1.000 mil 8.000.000ocho millones (de) 39 treinta y nueve 200 doscientos/as 1.100 mil cien -With numbers that end in uno (31, 41, etc.), uno becomes un before a masculine noun and una before a feminine noun. -Cien is used before nouns and in counting. -Un, una, and uno are not used before cien. -Use cientos to say hundreds. -Numbers 200-999 agree in gender with the nouns they modify. -Mil can mean a thousand and one thousands.
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