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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 2

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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 2

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background image 8/29/16 
Deinstitutionalization 
­ Integrating mental patients into the community with the support of community­based 
treatment facilities 
­ Patient’s rights movement: recover better or live more satisfying lives if integrated into 
the community 
­ Community mental health movement: Provide coordinated mental health services to 
people in community mental health centers ­ remain in their homes, while still being a 
part of a community, where they get help 
­ Halfway houses: Offer people with long­term mental health problems the opportunity to 
live in a structured, supportive environment 
­ Day treatment centers: Allow people to obtain treatment during the day, along with 
occupational and rehabilitative therapies, live at home at night 
 
Managed Care 
­ Collection of methods for coordinating care  ● Ranges from simple monitoring to total control over what care can be provided  and paid for  ­ Solves problems created by deinstitutionalization ­ sometimes people have a hard time 
reintegrating into society 
 
Professions within Abnormal Psychology 
­ Psychiatrists ­ medical school, give out perscriptions  ­ Clinical psychologists ­ Phd  ­ Marriage and family therapists  ­ Clinical social workers ­ deal with the more intense situations (child abuse, domestic 
abuse, drug abuse) 
­ Licensed mental health counselors  ­ Psychiatric nurses   
Chapter 2 
 
Diathesis­Stress Model of the Development of Disorders 
Diathesis 
­ Biological factor (genes, disordered biochemistry, brain anomalies)  ­ Social factor (maladaptive upbringing, chronic stress, etc.)  ­ Psychological factor (unconscious conflicts, poor skills, maladaptive cognitions, etc.) 
Stress 
­ Biological trigger (onset of a disease, exposure to toxins)  ­ Social trigger (traumatic event, major loss)  ­ Psychological trigger ()  = Disorder 
background image  
Biological causes of abnormality 
­ Brain dysfunction  ­ Chemical imbalances  ­ Genetic anomalies   
Limbic System 
­ Regulates many instinctive behaviors  ● Reactions to stressful events and eating 
● Located around the central core of the brain 
● Interconnected with the hypothalamus 
­ Amygdala ­ critical in emotions such as fear and love  ­ Hippocampus ­ plays a role in memory   
Neurotransmitters 
­ Biochemicals messengers that carry impulses from neuron to neuron, or nerve cells 
throughout the brain 
­ Synapse ­ Gap between the synaptic terminals and the adjacent neurons  ­ Receptors ­ Molecules on the membrane of the adjacent neurons that receives the 
impulse 
 
Processes that affect the Neurotransmitters 
­ Reuptake ­ occurs when the neurons that initially released the neurotransmitter into the 
synapse reabsorb the neurotransmitter, decreasing the amount in the synapse 
­ Degradation ­ when the receiving neuron releases an enzyme into the synapse that 
breaks down the neurotransmitter into other biochemicals 
 
Biochemical imbalances 
­ Psychological symptoms possibly associated with   ● Number and functioning of receptors for the number of dendrites 
● Malfunctioning in neurotransmitter systems 
 
Biopsychosocial approach 
­ Combination of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors that result in the 
development of psychological symptoms 
● Risk factors because risk of psychological problems 
● Biological risk factors ­ genetic predisposition 
 
Types of Neurotransmitters 
­ Serotonin  ­ Dopamine  ● Reinforcement, rewards 
● Affected by substances that activate this 

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: PSY320, abnormalpsychology, Psychology, and Amberg
Name: PSY 320 Week 2 Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 2 Prof Amberg Some history of psychology and psychological approaches
Uploaded: 09/02/2016
6 Pages 44 Views 35 Unlocks
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